Abstract

We report the relative frequency stabilization of a distributed feedback erbium-doped fiber laser on an optical cavity by serrodyne frequency shifting. A correction bandwidth of 2.3 MHz and a dynamic range of 220 MHz are achieved, which leads to a strong robustness against large disturbances up to high frequencies. We demonstrate that serrodyne frequency shifting reaches a higher correction bandwidth and lower relative frequency noise level compared to a standard acousto-optical modulator based scheme. Our results allow us to consider promising applications in the absolute frequency stabilization of lasers on optical cavities.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, and C. W. Oates, Nat. Photon. 5, 158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, R. Kohlhaas, A. Bertoldi, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, New J. Phys. 13, 065021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. M. S. Johnson, J. M. Hogan, S.-w. Chiow, and M. A. Kasevich, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 666 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Geiger, V. Ménoret, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, P. Cheinet, B. Battelier, A. Villing, F. Moron, M. Lours, Y. Bidel, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Nat. Commun. 2, 474 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

P. Verlot, A. Tavernarakis, T. Briant, P.-F. Cohadon, and A. Heidmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 133602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Bertoldi, S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Opt. Lett. 35, 3769 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Ohmae, S. Moriwaki, and N. Mio, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 073105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. M. S. Johnson, J. M. Hogan, S.-W. Chiow, and M. A. Kasevich, Opt. Lett. 35, 745 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

2005

2002

I. Zawischa, M. Brendel, K. Danzmann, C. Fallnich, M. Heurs, S. Nagano, V. Quetschke, H. Welling, and B. Willke, Classical Quantum Gravity 19, 1775 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1984

1983

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982

Battelier, B.

R. Geiger, V. Ménoret, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, P. Cheinet, B. Battelier, A. Villing, F. Moron, M. Lours, Y. Bidel, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Nat. Commun. 2, 474 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bernon, S.

S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, R. Kohlhaas, A. Bertoldi, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, New J. Phys. 13, 065021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Bertoldi, S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Opt. Lett. 35, 3769 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bertoldi, A.

S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, R. Kohlhaas, A. Bertoldi, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, New J. Phys. 13, 065021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Bertoldi, S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Opt. Lett. 35, 3769 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bidel, Y.

R. Geiger, V. Ménoret, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, P. Cheinet, B. Battelier, A. Villing, F. Moron, M. Lours, Y. Bidel, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Nat. Commun. 2, 474 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bouyer, P.

R. Geiger, V. Ménoret, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, P. Cheinet, B. Battelier, A. Villing, F. Moron, M. Lours, Y. Bidel, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Nat. Commun. 2, 474 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, R. Kohlhaas, A. Bertoldi, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, New J. Phys. 13, 065021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Bertoldi, S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Opt. Lett. 35, 3769 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brendel, M.

I. Zawischa, M. Brendel, K. Danzmann, C. Fallnich, M. Heurs, S. Nagano, V. Quetschke, H. Welling, and B. Willke, Classical Quantum Gravity 19, 1775 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bresson, A.

R. Geiger, V. Ménoret, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, P. Cheinet, B. Battelier, A. Villing, F. Moron, M. Lours, Y. Bidel, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Nat. Commun. 2, 474 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Briant, T.

P. Verlot, A. Tavernarakis, T. Briant, P.-F. Cohadon, and A. Heidmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 133602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C.

Cheinet, P.

R. Geiger, V. Ménoret, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, P. Cheinet, B. Battelier, A. Villing, F. Moron, M. Lours, Y. Bidel, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Nat. Commun. 2, 474 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chiow, S.-w.

Chow, J. H.

Cohadon, P.-F.

P. Verlot, A. Tavernarakis, T. Briant, P.-F. Cohadon, and A. Heidmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 133602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dalibard, J.

Danzmann, K.

I. Zawischa, M. Brendel, K. Danzmann, C. Fallnich, M. Heurs, S. Nagano, V. Quetschke, H. Welling, and B. Willke, Classical Quantum Gravity 19, 1775 (2002).
[CrossRef]

De La Rue, R. M.

De Sarlo, L.

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fallnich, C.

I. Zawischa, M. Brendel, K. Danzmann, C. Fallnich, M. Heurs, S. Nagano, V. Quetschke, H. Welling, and B. Willke, Classical Quantum Gravity 19, 1775 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fox, R. W.

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, and C. W. Oates, Nat. Photon. 5, 158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Geiger, R.

R. Geiger, V. Ménoret, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, P. Cheinet, B. Battelier, A. Villing, F. Moron, M. Lours, Y. Bidel, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Nat. Commun. 2, 474 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gerbier, F.

Gray, M. B.

Hall, J. L.

J. L. Hall and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 9, 502 (1984).
[CrossRef]

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

Heidmann, A.

P. Verlot, A. Tavernarakis, T. Briant, P.-F. Cohadon, and A. Heidmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 133602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Heurs, M.

I. Zawischa, M. Brendel, K. Danzmann, C. Fallnich, M. Heurs, S. Nagano, V. Quetschke, H. Welling, and B. Willke, Classical Quantum Gravity 19, 1775 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hogan, J. M.

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Houtz, R.

Jiang, Y. Y.

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, and C. W. Oates, Nat. Photon. 5, 158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. M. S.

Kasevich, M. A.

Kohlhaas, R.

S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, R. Kohlhaas, A. Bertoldi, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, New J. Phys. 13, 065021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Landragin, A.

S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, R. Kohlhaas, A. Bertoldi, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, New J. Phys. 13, 065021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Geiger, V. Ménoret, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, P. Cheinet, B. Battelier, A. Villing, F. Moron, M. Lours, Y. Bidel, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Nat. Commun. 2, 474 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Bertoldi, S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Opt. Lett. 35, 3769 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lemke, N. D.

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, and C. W. Oates, Nat. Photon. 5, 158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lours, M.

R. Geiger, V. Ménoret, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, P. Cheinet, B. Battelier, A. Villing, F. Moron, M. Lours, Y. Bidel, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Nat. Commun. 2, 474 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ludlow, A. D.

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, and C. W. Oates, Nat. Photon. 5, 158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L.-S.

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, and C. W. Oates, Nat. Photon. 5, 158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

McClelland, D. E.

Ménoret, V.

R. Geiger, V. Ménoret, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, P. Cheinet, B. Battelier, A. Villing, F. Moron, M. Lours, Y. Bidel, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Nat. Commun. 2, 474 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mimoun, E.

Mio, N.

N. Ohmae, S. Moriwaki, and N. Mio, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 073105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moriwaki, S.

N. Ohmae, S. Moriwaki, and N. Mio, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 073105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moron, F.

R. Geiger, V. Ménoret, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, P. Cheinet, B. Battelier, A. Villing, F. Moron, M. Lours, Y. Bidel, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Nat. Commun. 2, 474 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Müller, H.

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nagano, S.

I. Zawischa, M. Brendel, K. Danzmann, C. Fallnich, M. Heurs, S. Nagano, V. Quetschke, H. Welling, and B. Willke, Classical Quantum Gravity 19, 1775 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Oates, C. W.

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, and C. W. Oates, Nat. Photon. 5, 158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ohmae, N.

N. Ohmae, S. Moriwaki, and N. Mio, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 073105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Quetschke, V.

I. Zawischa, M. Brendel, K. Danzmann, C. Fallnich, M. Heurs, S. Nagano, V. Quetschke, H. Welling, and B. Willke, Classical Quantum Gravity 19, 1775 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sherman, J. A.

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, and C. W. Oates, Nat. Photon. 5, 158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stern, G.

R. Geiger, V. Ménoret, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, P. Cheinet, B. Battelier, A. Villing, F. Moron, M. Lours, Y. Bidel, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Nat. Commun. 2, 474 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tavernarakis, A.

P. Verlot, A. Tavernarakis, T. Briant, P.-F. Cohadon, and A. Heidmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 133602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vanderbruggen, T.

S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, R. Kohlhaas, A. Bertoldi, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, New J. Phys. 13, 065021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Bertoldi, S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Opt. Lett. 35, 3769 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Verlot, P.

P. Verlot, A. Tavernarakis, T. Briant, P.-F. Cohadon, and A. Heidmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 133602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Villing, A.

R. Geiger, V. Ménoret, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, P. Cheinet, B. Battelier, A. Villing, F. Moron, M. Lours, Y. Bidel, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Nat. Commun. 2, 474 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Welling, H.

I. Zawischa, M. Brendel, K. Danzmann, C. Fallnich, M. Heurs, S. Nagano, V. Quetschke, H. Welling, and B. Willke, Classical Quantum Gravity 19, 1775 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Willke, B.

I. Zawischa, M. Brendel, K. Danzmann, C. Fallnich, M. Heurs, S. Nagano, V. Quetschke, H. Welling, and B. Willke, Classical Quantum Gravity 19, 1775 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. K.

Wright, S.

Zahzam, N.

R. Geiger, V. Ménoret, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, P. Cheinet, B. Battelier, A. Villing, F. Moron, M. Lours, Y. Bidel, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Nat. Commun. 2, 474 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zawischa, I.

I. Zawischa, M. Brendel, K. Danzmann, C. Fallnich, M. Heurs, S. Nagano, V. Quetschke, H. Welling, and B. Willke, Classical Quantum Gravity 19, 1775 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zondy, J.-J.

Appl. Phys. B

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Classical Quantum Gravity

I. Zawischa, M. Brendel, K. Danzmann, C. Fallnich, M. Heurs, S. Nagano, V. Quetschke, H. Welling, and B. Willke, Classical Quantum Gravity 19, 1775 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nat. Commun.

R. Geiger, V. Ménoret, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, P. Cheinet, B. Battelier, A. Villing, F. Moron, M. Lours, Y. Bidel, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, Nat. Commun. 2, 474 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon.

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, and C. W. Oates, Nat. Photon. 5, 158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys.

S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, R. Kohlhaas, A. Bertoldi, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, New J. Phys. 13, 065021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

P. Verlot, A. Tavernarakis, T. Briant, P.-F. Cohadon, and A. Heidmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 133602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

N. Ohmae, S. Moriwaki, and N. Mio, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 073105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Setup of the laser stabilization on an optical cavity based on serrodyne frequency shifting (see text for notations). An optional feedback path (dashed lines) is added on the piezo transducer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(Top) The transmission signal obtained on PD2 when scanning the length of the optical cavity without (left) and with (right) serrodyne frequency shifting. (Bottom) The error signal obtained by the Pound-Drever-Hall technique is also shifted by the serrodyne modulation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Noise PSD of the error signal with the serrodyne technique (black) and the stabilization with an AOM in double pass (gray). The dashed line represents the light shot noise limit on PD1.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Comparison of the lock robustness obtained with the serrodyne shifting technique (squares) and an AOM system (triangles).

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