Abstract

We present a new concept for a beam position monitor with the unique ability to map particle beam position to a measurable wavelength. Coupled with an optical spectrograph, this beam position monitor is capable of subnanometer resolution. We describe one possible design, and through finite-element frequency-domain simulations, we show a resolution of 0.7 nm. Because of its high precision and ultracompact form factor, this device is ideal for future x-ray sources and laser-driven particle accelerators “on a chip.”

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. McGuinness, E. Colby, and R. L. Byer, J. Mod. Opt. 56, 2142 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. A. Peralta, R. L. Byer, E. Colby, R. J. England, C. McGuinness, and K. Soong, in Proceedings of the 2011 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2011), p. 280.
  3. T. Plettner and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 030704 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Plettner, R. L. Byer, and B. Montazeri, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 1518 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Soong, E. A. Peralta, R. L. Byer, and E. Colby, “Simulation studies of the dielectric grating as an accelerating and focusing structure,” SLAC Report No. SLAC-PUB-14426 (SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2011).
  6. R. Lill, W. Norum, L. Morrison, N. Sereno, G. Waldschmidt, D. Walters, S. Smith, and T. Straumann, in Proceedings of the 2007 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2007), p. 4366.
  7. Y. Inoue, H. Hayano, Y. Honda, T. Takatomi, T. Tauchi, J. Urakawa, S. Komamiya, T. Nakamura, T. Sanuki, E. Kim, S. Shin, and V. Vogel, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 062801 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. E. Korbly, A. S. Kesar, J. R. Sirigiri, and R. J. Temkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 054803 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Banna, L. Ludwig, and L. Schachter, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 555, 101 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

T. Plettner, R. L. Byer, and B. Montazeri, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 1518 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

C. McGuinness, E. Colby, and R. L. Byer, J. Mod. Opt. 56, 2142 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

T. Plettner and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 030704 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Inoue, H. Hayano, Y. Honda, T. Takatomi, T. Tauchi, J. Urakawa, S. Komamiya, T. Nakamura, T. Sanuki, E. Kim, S. Shin, and V. Vogel, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 062801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

S. E. Korbly, A. S. Kesar, J. R. Sirigiri, and R. J. Temkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 054803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Banna, L. Ludwig, and L. Schachter, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 555, 101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Banna, S.

S. Banna, L. Ludwig, and L. Schachter, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 555, 101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

T. Plettner, R. L. Byer, and B. Montazeri, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 1518 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. McGuinness, E. Colby, and R. L. Byer, J. Mod. Opt. 56, 2142 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Plettner and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 030704 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Soong, E. A. Peralta, R. L. Byer, and E. Colby, “Simulation studies of the dielectric grating as an accelerating and focusing structure,” SLAC Report No. SLAC-PUB-14426 (SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2011).

E. A. Peralta, R. L. Byer, E. Colby, R. J. England, C. McGuinness, and K. Soong, in Proceedings of the 2011 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2011), p. 280.

Colby, E.

C. McGuinness, E. Colby, and R. L. Byer, J. Mod. Opt. 56, 2142 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Peralta, R. L. Byer, E. Colby, R. J. England, C. McGuinness, and K. Soong, in Proceedings of the 2011 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2011), p. 280.

K. Soong, E. A. Peralta, R. L. Byer, and E. Colby, “Simulation studies of the dielectric grating as an accelerating and focusing structure,” SLAC Report No. SLAC-PUB-14426 (SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2011).

England, R. J.

E. A. Peralta, R. L. Byer, E. Colby, R. J. England, C. McGuinness, and K. Soong, in Proceedings of the 2011 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2011), p. 280.

Hayano, H.

Y. Inoue, H. Hayano, Y. Honda, T. Takatomi, T. Tauchi, J. Urakawa, S. Komamiya, T. Nakamura, T. Sanuki, E. Kim, S. Shin, and V. Vogel, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 062801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Honda, Y.

Y. Inoue, H. Hayano, Y. Honda, T. Takatomi, T. Tauchi, J. Urakawa, S. Komamiya, T. Nakamura, T. Sanuki, E. Kim, S. Shin, and V. Vogel, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 062801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

Y. Inoue, H. Hayano, Y. Honda, T. Takatomi, T. Tauchi, J. Urakawa, S. Komamiya, T. Nakamura, T. Sanuki, E. Kim, S. Shin, and V. Vogel, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 062801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kesar, A. S.

S. E. Korbly, A. S. Kesar, J. R. Sirigiri, and R. J. Temkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 054803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, E.

Y. Inoue, H. Hayano, Y. Honda, T. Takatomi, T. Tauchi, J. Urakawa, S. Komamiya, T. Nakamura, T. Sanuki, E. Kim, S. Shin, and V. Vogel, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 062801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Komamiya, S.

Y. Inoue, H. Hayano, Y. Honda, T. Takatomi, T. Tauchi, J. Urakawa, S. Komamiya, T. Nakamura, T. Sanuki, E. Kim, S. Shin, and V. Vogel, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 062801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Korbly, S. E.

S. E. Korbly, A. S. Kesar, J. R. Sirigiri, and R. J. Temkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 054803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lill, R.

R. Lill, W. Norum, L. Morrison, N. Sereno, G. Waldschmidt, D. Walters, S. Smith, and T. Straumann, in Proceedings of the 2007 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2007), p. 4366.

Ludwig, L.

S. Banna, L. Ludwig, and L. Schachter, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 555, 101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McGuinness, C.

C. McGuinness, E. Colby, and R. L. Byer, J. Mod. Opt. 56, 2142 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Peralta, R. L. Byer, E. Colby, R. J. England, C. McGuinness, and K. Soong, in Proceedings of the 2011 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2011), p. 280.

Montazeri, B.

T. Plettner, R. L. Byer, and B. Montazeri, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 1518 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Morrison, L.

R. Lill, W. Norum, L. Morrison, N. Sereno, G. Waldschmidt, D. Walters, S. Smith, and T. Straumann, in Proceedings of the 2007 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2007), p. 4366.

Nakamura, T.

Y. Inoue, H. Hayano, Y. Honda, T. Takatomi, T. Tauchi, J. Urakawa, S. Komamiya, T. Nakamura, T. Sanuki, E. Kim, S. Shin, and V. Vogel, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 062801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Norum, W.

R. Lill, W. Norum, L. Morrison, N. Sereno, G. Waldschmidt, D. Walters, S. Smith, and T. Straumann, in Proceedings of the 2007 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2007), p. 4366.

Peralta, E. A.

E. A. Peralta, R. L. Byer, E. Colby, R. J. England, C. McGuinness, and K. Soong, in Proceedings of the 2011 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2011), p. 280.

K. Soong, E. A. Peralta, R. L. Byer, and E. Colby, “Simulation studies of the dielectric grating as an accelerating and focusing structure,” SLAC Report No. SLAC-PUB-14426 (SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2011).

Plettner, T.

T. Plettner, R. L. Byer, and B. Montazeri, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 1518 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Plettner and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 030704 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sanuki, T.

Y. Inoue, H. Hayano, Y. Honda, T. Takatomi, T. Tauchi, J. Urakawa, S. Komamiya, T. Nakamura, T. Sanuki, E. Kim, S. Shin, and V. Vogel, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 062801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schachter, L.

S. Banna, L. Ludwig, and L. Schachter, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 555, 101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sereno, N.

R. Lill, W. Norum, L. Morrison, N. Sereno, G. Waldschmidt, D. Walters, S. Smith, and T. Straumann, in Proceedings of the 2007 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2007), p. 4366.

Shin, S.

Y. Inoue, H. Hayano, Y. Honda, T. Takatomi, T. Tauchi, J. Urakawa, S. Komamiya, T. Nakamura, T. Sanuki, E. Kim, S. Shin, and V. Vogel, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 062801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sirigiri, J. R.

S. E. Korbly, A. S. Kesar, J. R. Sirigiri, and R. J. Temkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 054803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smith, S.

R. Lill, W. Norum, L. Morrison, N. Sereno, G. Waldschmidt, D. Walters, S. Smith, and T. Straumann, in Proceedings of the 2007 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2007), p. 4366.

Soong, K.

K. Soong, E. A. Peralta, R. L. Byer, and E. Colby, “Simulation studies of the dielectric grating as an accelerating and focusing structure,” SLAC Report No. SLAC-PUB-14426 (SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2011).

E. A. Peralta, R. L. Byer, E. Colby, R. J. England, C. McGuinness, and K. Soong, in Proceedings of the 2011 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2011), p. 280.

Straumann, T.

R. Lill, W. Norum, L. Morrison, N. Sereno, G. Waldschmidt, D. Walters, S. Smith, and T. Straumann, in Proceedings of the 2007 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2007), p. 4366.

Takatomi, T.

Y. Inoue, H. Hayano, Y. Honda, T. Takatomi, T. Tauchi, J. Urakawa, S. Komamiya, T. Nakamura, T. Sanuki, E. Kim, S. Shin, and V. Vogel, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 062801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tauchi, T.

Y. Inoue, H. Hayano, Y. Honda, T. Takatomi, T. Tauchi, J. Urakawa, S. Komamiya, T. Nakamura, T. Sanuki, E. Kim, S. Shin, and V. Vogel, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 062801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Temkin, R. J.

S. E. Korbly, A. S. Kesar, J. R. Sirigiri, and R. J. Temkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 054803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Urakawa, J.

Y. Inoue, H. Hayano, Y. Honda, T. Takatomi, T. Tauchi, J. Urakawa, S. Komamiya, T. Nakamura, T. Sanuki, E. Kim, S. Shin, and V. Vogel, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 062801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vogel, V.

Y. Inoue, H. Hayano, Y. Honda, T. Takatomi, T. Tauchi, J. Urakawa, S. Komamiya, T. Nakamura, T. Sanuki, E. Kim, S. Shin, and V. Vogel, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 062801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Waldschmidt, G.

R. Lill, W. Norum, L. Morrison, N. Sereno, G. Waldschmidt, D. Walters, S. Smith, and T. Straumann, in Proceedings of the 2007 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2007), p. 4366.

Walters, D.

R. Lill, W. Norum, L. Morrison, N. Sereno, G. Waldschmidt, D. Walters, S. Smith, and T. Straumann, in Proceedings of the 2007 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2007), p. 4366.

J. Mod. Opt. (2)

C. McGuinness, E. Colby, and R. L. Byer, J. Mod. Opt. 56, 2142 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Plettner, R. L. Byer, and B. Montazeri, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 1518 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (1)

S. Banna, L. Ludwig, and L. Schachter, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 555, 101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. E. Korbly, A. S. Kesar, J. R. Sirigiri, and R. J. Temkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 054803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams (2)

T. Plettner and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 030704 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Inoue, H. Hayano, Y. Honda, T. Takatomi, T. Tauchi, J. Urakawa, S. Komamiya, T. Nakamura, T. Sanuki, E. Kim, S. Shin, and V. Vogel, Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 062801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

K. Soong, E. A. Peralta, R. L. Byer, and E. Colby, “Simulation studies of the dielectric grating as an accelerating and focusing structure,” SLAC Report No. SLAC-PUB-14426 (SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2011).

R. Lill, W. Norum, L. Morrison, N. Sereno, G. Waldschmidt, D. Walters, S. Smith, and T. Straumann, in Proceedings of the 2007 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2007), p. 4366.

E. A. Peralta, R. L. Byer, E. Colby, R. J. England, C. McGuinness, and K. Soong, in Proceedings of the 2011 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2011), p. 280.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Dielectric grating accelerator as viewed from (a) the top and (b) the side.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Top and (b) side view of the clamshell BPM. In this design, the periodicity is constant in x but increases continuously in z from λg,1 to λg,2.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Simulation results for the clamshell BPM driven at λdrive=1008nm. (Left) Map of the accelerating field experienced by a speed of light particle as a function of displacement from the center of the structure. (Right) Gaussian fit to the accelerating field map after flattening along y.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Simulation of the electron bunch z location versus the clamshell BPM response wavelength. The markers define the center of the excitation channel as determined by a Gaussian fit to the simulation data, whereas the error bars represent the width of the Gaussian fit.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Predicted normalized radiation spectrum from an electron bunch traversing the clamshell BPM at four different z displacements. The markers on the plot (right) represent simulation data, whereas the solid lines depict a Gaussian fit to the simulation data. The inset highlights the distinct radiation spectrum generated by two closely separated bunches.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

zacceleration[μm]=7.057·λdrive[μm]+8.770.
Zs[Ω]=(0dExdl)2P=300·(d[mm])2,
N(Q,d,τ)=1.85×106·(Q[fC]·d[mm])2τ[fs],
nλλg=(1βcosθ),

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