Abstract

We demonstrate the widely linear and broadband terahertz (THz) generation on GaSe:Te crystals by femtosecond laser pulses. It was found that the dopant, Te atoms, in GaSe crystals significantly enhances the efficiency of THz generation, and its central frequency can be tuned by varying the crystal thickness through non-phase-matched optical rectification. Moreover, the wide-ranging linearity for the optical-to-THz conversion and central-frequency-tunable THz generation promise for GaSe:Te crystals to be potential materials for high-power (>1.36μW) THz applications.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2012

2009

2007

2006

K. L. Vodopyanov, Opt. Express 14, 2263 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Tikhomirov, Yu. M. Andreev, G. V. Lanskii, O. V. Voevodina, and S. Y. Sarkisov, Proc. SPIE 6258, 625809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

C. W. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 047402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Shigetomi and T. Ikari, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 6480 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Kumbhakar, T. Kobayashi, and G. C. Bhar, Appl. Opt. 43, 3324 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

2001

2000

Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, V. Perlin, H. Winful, and T. B. Norris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2505 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

G. Gallot, J. Q. Zhang, R. W. Mcgowan, T. I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Andreev, Y.

Andreev, Yu. M.

A. A. Tikhomirov, Yu. M. Andreev, G. V. Lanskii, O. V. Voevodina, and S. Y. Sarkisov, Proc. SPIE 6258, 625809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Arama, E.

I. Evtodiev, L. Leontie, M. Caraman, M. Stamate, and E. Arama, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 023524 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bhar, G. C.

Bliss, D.

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Caraman, M.

I. Evtodiev, L. Leontie, M. Caraman, M. Stamate, and E. Arama, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 023524 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C.-S.

Chen, C.-W.

Chu, W.-C.

Chung, P.-K.

Ding, Y. J.

Elsaesser, T.

C. W. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 047402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Evtodiev, I.

I. Evtodiev, L. Leontie, M. Caraman, M. Stamate, and E. Arama, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 023524 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, B.

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 1, 26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fernelius, N.

Gallot, G.

G. Gallot, J. Q. Zhang, R. W. Mcgowan, T. I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

G. Gallot, J. Q. Zhang, R. W. Mcgowan, T. I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Harris, J. S.

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hebling, J.

Heinz, T. F.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hey, R.

C. W. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 047402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hoffmann, M. C.

Huang, J. Y.

Hurlbut, W. C.

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ikari, T.

S. Shigetomi and T. Ikari, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 6480 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Izaak, T.

Jeon, T. I.

G. Gallot, J. Q. Zhang, R. W. Mcgowan, T. I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, T.

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

Kozlov, V. G.

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ku, S. A.

Kumbhakar, P.

Lanskii, G.

Lanskii, G. V.

A. A. Tikhomirov, Yu. M. Andreev, G. V. Lanskii, O. V. Voevodina, and S. Y. Sarkisov, Proc. SPIE 6258, 625809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.-S.

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, V. Perlin, H. Winful, and T. B. Norris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2505 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Leontie, L.

I. Evtodiev, L. Leontie, M. Caraman, M. Stamate, and E. Arama, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 023524 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S.-H.

Luo, C. W.

Lynch, C.

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mcgowan, R. W.

G. Gallot, J. Q. Zhang, R. W. Mcgowan, T. I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Meade, T.

Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, V. Perlin, H. Winful, and T. B. Norris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2505 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nahata, A.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K. A.

Nishizawa, J.

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Norris, T. B.

Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, V. Perlin, H. Winful, and T. B. Norris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2505 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pan, C.-L.

Perlin, V.

Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, V. Perlin, H. Winful, and T. B. Norris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2505 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ploog, K. H.

C. W. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 047402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reimann, K.

C. W. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 047402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Saito, K.

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sarkisov, S. Y.

A. A. Tikhomirov, Yu. M. Andreev, G. V. Lanskii, O. V. Voevodina, and S. Y. Sarkisov, Proc. SPIE 6258, 625809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shaiduko, A.

Shi, W.

Shigetomi, S.

S. Shigetomi and T. Ikari, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 6480 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stamate, M.

I. Evtodiev, L. Leontie, M. Caraman, M. Stamate, and E. Arama, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 023524 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suto, K.

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Svetlichnyi, V.

Tanabe, T.

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tang, T.-T.

Tikhomirov, A. A.

A. A. Tikhomirov, Yu. M. Andreev, G. V. Lanskii, O. V. Voevodina, and S. Y. Sarkisov, Proc. SPIE 6258, 625809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vaytulevich, E.

Vodopyanov, K.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Vodopyanov, Opt. Express 14, 2263 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Voevodina, O. V.

A. A. Tikhomirov, Yu. M. Andreev, G. V. Lanskii, O. V. Voevodina, and S. Y. Sarkisov, Proc. SPIE 6258, 625809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weling, A. S.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Winful, H.

Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, V. Perlin, H. Winful, and T. B. Norris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2505 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Woerner, M.

C. W. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 047402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, K. H.

Yeh, K.-L.

Yen, S.-T.

Yu, X.

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. Q.

G. Gallot, J. Q. Zhang, R. W. Mcgowan, T. I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 1, 26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zotova, I. B.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, V. Perlin, H. Winful, and T. B. Norris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2505 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Gallot, J. Q. Zhang, R. W. Mcgowan, T. I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

S. Shigetomi and T. Ikari, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 6480 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Evtodiev, L. Leontie, M. Caraman, M. Stamate, and E. Arama, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 023524 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nat. Mater.

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 1, 26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

C. W. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 047402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

A. A. Tikhomirov, Yu. M. Andreev, G. V. Lanskii, O. V. Voevodina, and S. Y. Sarkisov, Proc. SPIE 6258, 625809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Temporal waveforms of THz radiation at various azimuthal angle φ on a 0.38 mass % GaSe:Te crystal with thickness of 0.30 mm. The right inset illustrates the intensity of the THz main peak as a function of φ. The left inset shows the configuration of THz generation on GaSe:Te crystals. (b) Power and central frequency of THz radiation on various GaSe:Te crystals with thickness of 0.30 mm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Fourier spectra of the THz radiation from ZnTe, GaSe, and 0.38 mass % GaSe:Te crystals. Inset, THz power as a function of pump fluences. L, thickness of the crystals. The solid and dashed lines are guides for the eyes.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Central frequency of THz radiation on 0.38 mass % GaSe:Te crystals with various thicknesses. Inset, thickness dependence of THz power on 0.38 mass % GaSe:Te. All THz generation experiments were performed by the pumping level of 3.5mJ/cm2.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ETHzχ22cos2θsin3φ,
I(ωT,L)ωT2deff2τ2L2exp(τ2ωτ24)sinc2(ΔkL/2),

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