Abstract

We report generation of near-infrared photon pairs in fundamental spatial modes via type-II spontaneous parametric down-conversion in a periodically poled potassium titanyl phosphate (KTiOPO4) nonlinear waveguide supporting multiple transverse modes. This demonstrates experimentally a versatile scheme for controlling the spatial characteristics of the produced nonclassical light based on exploitation of intermodal dispersion. The down-converted photons are characterized by the measurement of the beam quality factors in the heralded regime.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2010

2009

A. Martin, V. Cristofori, P. Aboussouan, H. Herrmann, W. Sohler, D. B. Ostrowsky, O. Alibart, and S. Tanzilli, Opt. Express 17, 1033 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Zhong, F. N. Wong, T. D. Roberts, and P. Battle, Opt. Express 17, 12019 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Mosley, A. Christ, A. Eckstein, and C. Silberhorn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 233901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. L. O’Brien, A. Furusawa, and J. Vučković, Nature Photonics 3, 687 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Politi, J. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1673 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Karpiński, C. Radzewicz, and K. Banaszek, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 181105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

T. Yarnall, A. F. Abouraddy, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 250502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

J. T. Barreiro, N. K. Langford, N. A. Peters, and P. G. Kwiat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 260501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. B. U’Ren, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, Quantum Inf. Comput. 3, 480 (2003).

2002

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Banaszek, A. B. U’Ren, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 26, 1367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2356 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Abouraddy, A. F.

T. Yarnall, A. F. Abouraddy, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 250502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Aboussouan, P.

Alibart, O.

Altepeter, J. B.

Banaszek, K.

M. Karpiński, C. Radzewicz, and K. Banaszek, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 181105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. B. U’Ren, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, Quantum Inf. Comput. 3, 480 (2003).

K. Banaszek, A. B. U’Ren, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 26, 1367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Barreiro, J. T.

J. T. Barreiro, N. K. Langford, N. A. Peters, and P. G. Kwiat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 260501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Battle, P.

Bonfrate, G.

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2356 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bouwmans, G.

Bussières, F.

Christ, A.

P. J. Mosley, A. Christ, A. Eckstein, and C. Silberhorn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 233901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Corbeil, J.-S.

Cristofori, V.

Eckstein, A.

P. J. Mosley, A. Christ, A. Eckstein, and C. Silberhorn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 233901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Furusawa, A.

J. L. O’Brien, A. Furusawa, and J. Vučković, Nature Photonics 3, 687 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Godbout, N.

Hall, M. A.

Herrmann, H.

Karpinski, M.

M. Karpiński, C. Radzewicz, and K. Banaszek, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 181105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2356 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kudlinski, A.

Kumar, P.

Kwiat, P. G.

J. T. Barreiro, N. K. Langford, N. A. Peters, and P. G. Kwiat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 260501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lacroix, S.

Langford, N. K.

J. T. Barreiro, N. K. Langford, N. A. Peters, and P. G. Kwiat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 260501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mair, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Martin, A.

Matthews, J.

A. Politi, J. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1673 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Medic, M.

Mosley, P. J.

P. J. Mosley, A. Christ, A. Eckstein, and C. Silberhorn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 233901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, J. L.

A. Politi, J. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1673 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. L. O’Brien, A. Furusawa, and J. Vučković, Nature Photonics 3, 687 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ostrowsky, D. B.

Patel, M.

Peters, N. A.

J. T. Barreiro, N. K. Langford, N. A. Peters, and P. G. Kwiat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 260501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Politi, A.

A. Politi, J. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1673 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pruneri, V.

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2356 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Radzewicz, C.

M. Karpiński, C. Radzewicz, and K. Banaszek, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 181105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rarity, J. G.

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2356 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ribordy, G.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, T. D.

Saleh, B. E. A.

T. Yarnall, A. F. Abouraddy, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 250502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics(Optical Society of America, 1998), Vol. 17, p. 184.

Silberhorn, C.

P. J. Mosley, A. Christ, A. Eckstein, and C. Silberhorn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 233901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Slater, J. A.

Sohler, W.

Tanzilli, S.

Tapster, P.

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2356 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Teich, M. C.

T. Yarnall, A. F. Abouraddy, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 250502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, M. G.

A. Politi, J. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1673 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

U’Ren, A. B.

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. B. U’Ren, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, Quantum Inf. Comput. 3, 480 (2003).

K. Banaszek, A. B. U’Ren, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 26, 1367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vaziri, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Virally, S.

Vuckovic, J.

J. L. O’Brien, A. Furusawa, and J. Vučković, Nature Photonics 3, 687 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I. A.

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. B. U’Ren, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, Quantum Inf. Comput. 3, 480 (2003).

K. Banaszek, A. B. U’Ren, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 26, 1367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weihs, G.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wong, F. N.

Yarnall, T.

T. Yarnall, A. F. Abouraddy, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 250502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zeilinger, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, T.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2356 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Karpiński, C. Radzewicz, and K. Banaszek, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 181105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

A. Politi, J. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1673 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nature Photonics

J. L. O’Brien, A. Furusawa, and J. Vučković, Nature Photonics 3, 687 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Mosley, A. Christ, A. Eckstein, and C. Silberhorn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 233901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Yarnall, A. F. Abouraddy, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 250502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Barreiro, N. K. Langford, N. A. Peters, and P. G. Kwiat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 260501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Inf. Comput.

A. B. U’Ren, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, Quantum Inf. Comput. 3, 480 (2003).

Rev. Mod. Phys.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other

ISO Standard, 11146 (2005).

A. E. Siegman, in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics(Optical Society of America, 1998), Vol. 17, p. 184.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) A calculated set of phase matching bands corresponding to different pairs of H and V modes for the used PPKTP waveguide with the pump field mode fixed to 00P. The dashed lines bound the energy conservation region defined by the pump bandwidth. (b) The resulting joint spectrum of down-converted photon pairs. Horizontal dashed lines represent coarse spectral filtering of V photons, which produces heralded H photons in a pure spatial mode. The role of V and H photons can be reversed. The axes are labeled with vacuum wavelengths λH, λV of the generated photons and scaled linearly in |1/λ|.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) The experimental setup. DM, dichroic mirrors; λ/4, quarter-wave plates; PBS, polarizing beam splitters. For other symbols, see the main text. (b) The intensity distribution of the pump field coupled into the waveguide compared with the sum-frequency generated reference. (c) Pump (solid) and SFG reference (dashed) intensity distributions integrated along vertical and horizontal lines.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The measured beam half-widths w (points with error bars) at positions z for (a) photons V and (b) photons H together with fits of the theoretical dependence (solid lines). The top panel in (b) also depicts results obtained with the pump beam aligned to optimize the coupling efficiency rather than the mode shape (crosses, experimental data; dashed line, fit).

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