Abstract

Optical second harmonic generation (SHG) with second-order nonlinearity χ(2) as high as 2.1pm/V has been achieved in water quenched PbOB2O3 glasses. No nonlinear depletion layer or microcrystals were observed in these glasses and the mechanism for nonlinearity has been explored in this Letter. Our results show that the possible mechanism for SHG in these glasses can be attributed to their low thermal conductivity that led to a large surface stress gradient, which broke the inversion symmetry of the glasses and subsequently induced the nonlinear effect. These findings suggest that low thermal conductivity induced high stress gradients to lead to large SHG.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2008 (1)

Q. Liu, M. Wang, and X. Zhao, Proc. SPIE 7279, 72790S (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

Q. Liu, B. Poumellec, D. Braga, G. Blaise, Y. Ren, and M. Kristensen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121906 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Fokine, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 171907 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1997 (1)

T. Fujiwara, M. Takahashi, and A. Ikushima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1032 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

A. Okada, K. Ishii, K. Mito, and K. Sasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 2853 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

B. N. Meera, A. K. Sood, N. Chandrabhas, and J. Ramakrishna, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 126, 224 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1981 (2)

H. D. Jannek and D. E. Day, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 64, 227 (1981).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Hony and D. E. Day, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 46, 389 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune, M. Nisenoff, and C. M. Savage, Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 21 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Blaise, G.

Q. Liu, B. Poumellec, D. Braga, G. Blaise, Y. Ren, and M. Kristensen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121906 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Braga, D.

Q. Liu, B. Poumellec, D. Braga, G. Blaise, Y. Ren, and M. Kristensen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121906 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brueck, S. R. J.

Chandrabhas, N.

B. N. Meera, A. K. Sood, N. Chandrabhas, and J. Ramakrishna, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 126, 224 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Day, D. E.

C. M. Hony and D. E. Day, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 46, 389 (1981).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Jannek and D. E. Day, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 64, 227 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Fokine, M.

M. Fokine, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 171907 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, T.

T. Fujiwara, M. Takahashi, and A. Ikushima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1032 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gan, F.

Hirao, K.

Hony, C. M.

C. M. Hony and D. E. Day, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 46, 389 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ikushima, A.

T. Fujiwara, M. Takahashi, and A. Ikushima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1032 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ikushima, A. J.

M. Fokine, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 171907 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, K.

A. Okada, K. Ishii, K. Mito, and K. Sasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 2853 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jannek, H. D.

H. D. Jannek and D. E. Day, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 64, 227 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kamal, A.

Kazansky, P. G.

Kristensen, M.

Q. Liu, B. Poumellec, D. Braga, G. Blaise, Y. Ren, and M. Kristensen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121906 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Q.

Q. Liu, M. Wang, and X. Zhao, Proc. SPIE 7279, 72790S (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, B. Poumellec, D. Braga, G. Blaise, Y. Ren, and M. Kristensen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121906 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, F. Gan, X. Zhao, K. Tanaka, A. Narazaki, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 26, 1347 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Maker, P. D.

P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune, M. Nisenoff, and C. M. Savage, Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 21 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Meera, B. N.

B. N. Meera, A. K. Sood, N. Chandrabhas, and J. Ramakrishna, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 126, 224 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mito, K.

A. Okada, K. Ishii, K. Mito, and K. Sasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 2853 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, N.

Myers, R. A.

Narazaki, A.

Nisenoff, M.

P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune, M. Nisenoff, and C. M. Savage, Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 21 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Okada, A.

A. Okada, K. Ishii, K. Mito, and K. Sasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 2853 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Poumellec, B.

Q. Liu, B. Poumellec, D. Braga, G. Blaise, Y. Ren, and M. Kristensen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121906 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ramakrishna, J.

B. N. Meera, A. K. Sood, N. Chandrabhas, and J. Ramakrishna, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 126, 224 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ren, Y.

Q. Liu, B. Poumellec, D. Braga, G. Blaise, Y. Ren, and M. Kristensen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121906 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

Saito, K.

M. Fokine, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 171907 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, K.

A. Okada, K. Ishii, K. Mito, and K. Sasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 2853 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Savage, C. M.

P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune, M. Nisenoff, and C. M. Savage, Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 21 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Sood, A. K.

B. N. Meera, A. K. Sood, N. Chandrabhas, and J. Ramakrishna, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 126, 224 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, M.

T. Fujiwara, M. Takahashi, and A. Ikushima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1032 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

Terhune, R. W.

P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune, M. Nisenoff, and C. M. Savage, Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 21 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M.

Q. Liu, M. Wang, and X. Zhao, Proc. SPIE 7279, 72790S (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Q. Liu, B. Poumellec, D. Braga, G. Blaise, Y. Ren, and M. Kristensen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121906 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Okada, K. Ishii, K. Mito, and K. Sasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 2853 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujiwara, M. Takahashi, and A. Ikushima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1032 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Fokine, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 171907 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

H. D. Jannek and D. E. Day, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 64, 227 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

C. M. Hony and D. E. Day, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 46, 389 (1981).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Meera, A. K. Sood, N. Chandrabhas, and J. Ramakrishna, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 126, 224 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune, M. Nisenoff, and C. M. Savage, Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 21 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

Q. Liu, M. Wang, and X. Zhao, Proc. SPIE 7279, 72790S (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Maker fringe pattern of glass 1# after heat treatment at 410 °C followed (a) by rapid quenching in water and (b) by cooling in air.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

SH intensity of glass 1# against etching depth.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

SH intensity of glass 1# as a function of the heat treatment temperature.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

TSDC curves of glass 1# (No. 1, poled by thermal/electric field; No. 2, heat treatment followed by RQ).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Components and Coefficients of Thermal Conductivity of Selected PbOB2O3 Glasses

Equations (2)

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I(T)=A*exp(EσRT)exp[BToTexp(EσRT)dT],
λ=1ViKi,Vi=Pi/ρi·100Pi/ρi,

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