Abstract

A bandwidth-independent and linear interferometric method for the measurement of the carrier-envelope phase drift of ultrashort pulse trains is demonstrated. The pulses are temporally overlapped in a resonant multiple-beam interferometer. From the position of the spectral interference pattern, the relative carrier-envelope phase between two subsequent oscillator pulses is obtained at data acquisition rates up to 200 Hz. Cross calibration has been performed by f-to-2f interferometry in two independent experiments. The optical length of the interferometer has been actively stabilized, leading to a phase jitter of 117 mrad (rms). These results indicate a reduced noise and quicker data acquisition in comparison with previous linear methods for measuring the carrier-envelope phase drift.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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[CrossRef]

I. Pupeza, X. Gu, E. Fill, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, F. Krausz, and T. Udem, Opt. Express 18, 26184 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

C. Grebing, S. Koke, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 95, 81 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Wittmann, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. G. Schätzel, X. Gu, A. Cavalieri, G. G. Paulus, and R. Kienberger, Nat. Phys. 5, 357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Chalus, P. K. Bates, M. Smolarski, and J. Biegert, Opt. Express 17, 3587 (2009).
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K. Osvay, Á. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, G. Kurdi, and M. P. Kalashnikov, Appl. Phys. B 87, 457 (2007).
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K. Osvay, M. Görbe, C. Grebing, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 32, 3095 (2007).
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2004 (1)

2002 (1)

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Bates, P. K.

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K. Osvay, Á. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, G. Kurdi, and M. P. Kalashnikov, Appl. Phys. B 87, 457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

Cavalieri, A.

T. Wittmann, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. G. Schätzel, X. Gu, A. Cavalieri, G. G. Paulus, and R. Kienberger, Nat. Phys. 5, 357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chalus, O.

Chériaux, G.

Dunlop, A. E.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eidam, T.

Fill, E.

Frei, H.

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photon. 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fuji, T.

Görbe, M.

K. Osvay, M. Görbe, C. Grebing, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 32, 3095 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Osvay, Á. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, G. Kurdi, and M. P. Kalashnikov, Appl. Phys. B 87, 457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grebing, C.

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photon. 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Grebing, S. Koke, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 95, 81 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Osvay, M. Görbe, C. Grebing, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 32, 3095 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gu, X.

I. Pupeza, X. Gu, E. Fill, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, F. Krausz, and T. Udem, Opt. Express 18, 26184 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Wittmann, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. G. Schätzel, X. Gu, A. Cavalieri, G. G. Paulus, and R. Kienberger, Nat. Phys. 5, 357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

Hebling, J.

Helml, W.

T. Wittmann, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. G. Schätzel, X. Gu, A. Cavalieri, G. G. Paulus, and R. Kienberger, Nat. Phys. 5, 357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, J.

Holzwarth, R.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Horvath, B.

T. Wittmann, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. G. Schätzel, X. Gu, A. Cavalieri, G. G. Paulus, and R. Kienberger, Nat. Phys. 5, 357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Husakou, A.

Joffre, M.

Kalashnikov, M. P.

K. Osvay, Á. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, G. Kurdi, and M. P. Kalashnikov, Appl. Phys. B 87, 457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kienberger, R.

T. Wittmann, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. G. Schätzel, X. Gu, A. Cavalieri, G. G. Paulus, and R. Kienberger, Nat. Phys. 5, 357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Koke, S.

B. Borchers, S. Koke, A. Husakou, J. Herrmann, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 36, 4146 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photon. 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Grebing, S. Koke, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 95, 81 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kovács, A. P.

K. Osvay, Á. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, G. Kurdi, and M. P. Kalashnikov, Appl. Phys. B 87, 457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Osvay, G. Kurdi, J. Hebling, Z. Bor, A. P. Kovács, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 20, 2339 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

Kurdi, G.

K. Osvay, Á. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, G. Kurdi, and M. P. Kalashnikov, Appl. Phys. B 87, 457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Osvay, G. Kurdi, J. Hebling, Z. Bor, A. P. Kovács, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 20, 2339 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lepetit, L.

Limpert, J.

Manschwetus, B.

C. Grebing, S. Koke, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 95, 81 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Osvay, K.

Paulus, G. G.

T. Wittmann, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. G. Schätzel, X. Gu, A. Cavalieri, G. G. Paulus, and R. Kienberger, Nat. Phys. 5, 357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Poppe, A.

Pupeza, I.

Schätzel, M. G.

T. Wittmann, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. G. Schätzel, X. Gu, A. Cavalieri, G. G. Paulus, and R. Kienberger, Nat. Phys. 5, 357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smolarski, M.

Spielmann, C.

Steinmeyer, G.

B. Borchers, S. Koke, A. Husakou, J. Herrmann, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 36, 4146 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photon. 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Grebing, S. Koke, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 95, 81 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Osvay, M. Görbe, C. Grebing, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 32, 3095 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sutter, D. H.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Szipöcs, R.

Telle, H. R.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Udem, T.

Wittmann, T.

T. Wittmann, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. G. Schätzel, X. Gu, A. Cavalieri, G. G. Paulus, and R. Kienberger, Nat. Phys. 5, 357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

Appl. Phys. B (3)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Osvay, Á. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, G. Kurdi, and M. P. Kalashnikov, Appl. Phys. B 87, 457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Grebing, S. Koke, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 95, 81 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photon. (1)

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photon. 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

T. Wittmann, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. G. Schätzel, X. Gu, A. Cavalieri, G. G. Paulus, and R. Kienberger, Nat. Phys. 5, 357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic layout of the experimental setup. (PD: photodiode for frep measurement; AOM: acousto-optical modulator; CM: chirped mirror; W: fused silica wedge; OC: out-coupler; BS: beam splitter.)

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

CEP drift measurements, while the intracavity FS wedge was moved sinusoidally. (a) Shown are the position of the intracavity wedge (upper solid line), the CEP drift measured by f-to-2f interferometry (middle solid line), and the one measured with the MBI (lower solid line). (b) Correlation between the phase as measured by the MBI versus the one measured by f-to-2f interferometry.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

CEP drift measurements, while the intracavity FS wedge was moved randomly. (a) Shown are the position of the intracavity wedge (upper solid line), the CEP drift measured by f-to-2f interferometry (middle solid line), and the one measured with the MBI (lower solid line). (b) Correlation between the phase as measured by the MBI versus the one measured by f-to-2f interferometry.

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