Abstract

Newly developed, high-performance, long-wave- and mid-wave-IR Dyson spectrometers offer a compact, low-distortion, broadband, imaging spectrometer design. The design is further accentuated when coupled to microbolometer array technology. This novel coupling allows radiometric and spectral measurements of high-temperature targets. It also serves to be unique since it allows for the system to be aligned warm. This eliminates the need for cryogenic temperature cycling. Proof of concept results are shown for a spectrometer with a 7.5 to 12.0 μm spectral range and approximately 20 nm per spectral band (200 bands). Results presented in this Letter show performance for remote hot targets (>200°C) using an engineering grade spectrometer and IR commercial lens assembly.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. C. Borel, in International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium Proceedings, 1998 (IEEE, 1998), pp. 546–549.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, C. J. Hill, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, Infrared Phys. Technol. 52, 430 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

D. W. Warren, D. A. Gutierrez, and E. R. Keim, Opt. Eng. 47, 103601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Mouroulis, R. O. Green, and D. W. Wilson, Opt. Express 16, 9087 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

M. A. Kuester, J. K. Lasnik, T. Ramond, T. Lin, B. Johnson, P. Kaptchen, and W. Good, Proc. SPIE 6677, 667710 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

P. Mouroulis and R. O. Green, Proc. SPIE 5173, 18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

C. Vedel, J. L. Martin, J. L. O. Buffet, J. L. Tissot, and M. Vilain, Proc. SPIE 3698, 276 (1999).

1998 (2)

T. Schmugge, S. J. Hook, and C. Coll, Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 121 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Gillespie, S. Rokugawa, T. Matsunaga, J. S. Cothern, S. Hook, and A. B. Kahle, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1959 (1)

Borel, C. C.

C. C. Borel, in International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium Proceedings, 1998 (IEEE, 1998), pp. 546–549.

Buffet, J. L. O.

C. Vedel, J. L. Martin, J. L. O. Buffet, J. L. Tissot, and M. Vilain, Proc. SPIE 3698, 276 (1999).

Chrien, T. G.

Coll, C.

T. Schmugge, S. J. Hook, and C. Coll, Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 121 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cothern, J. S.

A. Gillespie, S. Rokugawa, T. Matsunaga, J. S. Cothern, S. Hook, and A. B. Kahle, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dyson, J.

Eng, B. T.

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, C. J. Hill, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, Infrared Phys. Technol. 52, 430 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, V. Realmuto, A. Lamborn, C. Paine, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, in IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2011 (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8.

Gillespie, A.

A. Gillespie, S. Rokugawa, T. Matsunaga, J. S. Cothern, S. Hook, and A. B. Kahle, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Good, W.

M. A. Kuester, J. K. Lasnik, T. Ramond, T. Lin, B. Johnson, P. Kaptchen, and W. Good, Proc. SPIE 6677, 667710 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Green, R. O.

Gunapala, S. D.

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, C. J. Hill, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, Infrared Phys. Technol. 52, 430 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, V. Realmuto, A. Lamborn, C. Paine, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, in IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2011 (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8.

Gutierrez, D. A.

D. W. Warren, D. A. Gutierrez, and E. R. Keim, Opt. Eng. 47, 103601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hill, C. J.

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, C. J. Hill, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, Infrared Phys. Technol. 52, 430 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hook, S.

A. Gillespie, S. Rokugawa, T. Matsunaga, J. S. Cothern, S. Hook, and A. B. Kahle, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hook, S. J.

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, C. J. Hill, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, Infrared Phys. Technol. 52, 430 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Schmugge, S. J. Hook, and C. Coll, Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 121 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, V. Realmuto, A. Lamborn, C. Paine, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, in IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2011 (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8.

Johnson, B.

M. A. Kuester, J. K. Lasnik, T. Ramond, T. Lin, B. Johnson, P. Kaptchen, and W. Good, Proc. SPIE 6677, 667710 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, W. R.

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, C. J. Hill, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, Infrared Phys. Technol. 52, 430 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, V. Realmuto, A. Lamborn, C. Paine, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, in IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2011 (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8.

Kahle, A. B.

A. Gillespie, S. Rokugawa, T. Matsunaga, J. S. Cothern, S. Hook, and A. B. Kahle, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kaptchen, P.

M. A. Kuester, J. K. Lasnik, T. Ramond, T. Lin, B. Johnson, P. Kaptchen, and W. Good, Proc. SPIE 6677, 667710 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Keim, E. R.

D. W. Warren, D. A. Gutierrez, and E. R. Keim, Opt. Eng. 47, 103601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kruse, PW

PW Kruse, Uncooled Thermal Imaging: Arrays, Systems, and Applications (Academic, 1997).

Kuester, M. A.

M. A. Kuester, J. K. Lasnik, T. Ramond, T. Lin, B. Johnson, P. Kaptchen, and W. Good, Proc. SPIE 6677, 667710 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lamborn, A.

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, V. Realmuto, A. Lamborn, C. Paine, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, in IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2011 (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8.

Lasnik, J. K.

M. A. Kuester, J. K. Lasnik, T. Ramond, T. Lin, B. Johnson, P. Kaptchen, and W. Good, Proc. SPIE 6677, 667710 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, T.

M. A. Kuester, J. K. Lasnik, T. Ramond, T. Lin, B. Johnson, P. Kaptchen, and W. Good, Proc. SPIE 6677, 667710 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martin, J. L.

C. Vedel, J. L. Martin, J. L. O. Buffet, J. L. Tissot, and M. Vilain, Proc. SPIE 3698, 276 (1999).

Matsunaga, T.

A. Gillespie, S. Rokugawa, T. Matsunaga, J. S. Cothern, S. Hook, and A. B. Kahle, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mouroulis, P.

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, C. J. Hill, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, Infrared Phys. Technol. 52, 430 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Mouroulis, R. O. Green, and D. W. Wilson, Opt. Express 16, 9087 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Mouroulis and R. O. Green, Proc. SPIE 5173, 18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Mouroulis, R. O. Green, and T. G. Chrien, Appl. Opt. 39, 2210 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, V. Realmuto, A. Lamborn, C. Paine, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, in IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2011 (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8.

Mumolo, J. M.

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, C. J. Hill, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, Infrared Phys. Technol. 52, 430 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, V. Realmuto, A. Lamborn, C. Paine, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, in IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2011 (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8.

Paine, C.

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, V. Realmuto, A. Lamborn, C. Paine, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, in IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2011 (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8.

Ramond, T.

M. A. Kuester, J. K. Lasnik, T. Ramond, T. Lin, B. Johnson, P. Kaptchen, and W. Good, Proc. SPIE 6677, 667710 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Realmuto, V.

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, V. Realmuto, A. Lamborn, C. Paine, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, in IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2011 (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8.

Rokugawa, S.

A. Gillespie, S. Rokugawa, T. Matsunaga, J. S. Cothern, S. Hook, and A. B. Kahle, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schmugge, T.

T. Schmugge, S. J. Hook, and C. Coll, Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 121 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tissot, J. L.

C. Vedel, J. L. Martin, J. L. O. Buffet, J. L. Tissot, and M. Vilain, Proc. SPIE 3698, 276 (1999).

Vedel, C.

C. Vedel, J. L. Martin, J. L. O. Buffet, J. L. Tissot, and M. Vilain, Proc. SPIE 3698, 276 (1999).

Vilain, M.

C. Vedel, J. L. Martin, J. L. O. Buffet, J. L. Tissot, and M. Vilain, Proc. SPIE 3698, 276 (1999).

Warren, D. W.

D. W. Warren, D. A. Gutierrez, and E. R. Keim, Opt. Eng. 47, 103601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, D. W.

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, C. J. Hill, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, Infrared Phys. Technol. 52, 430 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Mouroulis, R. O. Green, and D. W. Wilson, Opt. Express 16, 9087 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, V. Realmuto, A. Lamborn, C. Paine, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, in IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2011 (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (1)

A. Gillespie, S. Rokugawa, T. Matsunaga, J. S. Cothern, S. Hook, and A. B. Kahle, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. Technol. (1)

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, C. J. Hill, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, Infrared Phys. Technol. 52, 430 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Eng. (1)

D. W. Warren, D. A. Gutierrez, and E. R. Keim, Opt. Eng. 47, 103601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (3)

P. Mouroulis and R. O. Green, Proc. SPIE 5173, 18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Kuester, J. K. Lasnik, T. Ramond, T. Lin, B. Johnson, P. Kaptchen, and W. Good, Proc. SPIE 6677, 667710 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Vedel, J. L. Martin, J. L. O. Buffet, J. L. Tissot, and M. Vilain, Proc. SPIE 3698, 276 (1999).

Remote Sens. Environ. (1)

T. Schmugge, S. J. Hook, and C. Coll, Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 121 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

C. C. Borel, in International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium Proceedings, 1998 (IEEE, 1998), pp. 546–549.

PW Kruse, Uncooled Thermal Imaging: Arrays, Systems, and Applications (Academic, 1997).

W. R. Johnson, S. J. Hook, P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, S. D. Gunapala, V. Realmuto, A. Lamborn, C. Paine, J. M. Mumolo, and B. T. Eng, in IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2011 (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Breadboard system. ZnSe Dyson block in center. Slit and telescope are on the left. Diffraction grating is bonded to the plate on the right. The microbolometer camera stack is shown coming in from the bottom.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical ray trace from entrance slit to focal plane array. The two image planes are perpendicular to each other. Telescope ray trace not shown. (Courtesy of Daniel Wilson, JPL.)

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured noise equivalent delta temperature of a microbolometer Dyson spectrometer for single scene temperature.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Hot temperature transmission spectra for selected plastic. Reasonable agreement is shown between an FTS and a microbolometer Dyson spectrometer.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Compilation of Instrument Characteristics

Metrics