Abstract

We launch surface plasmons from one end of a silver nanowire by asymmetric illumination with white light and use plasmon-to-light scattering at the nanowire ends to probe spectroscopically the plasmonic Fabry–Perot wire modes. The spectral positions of the maxima and minima in the scattered intensity from both nanowire ends are found to be either in-phase or out-of-phase, depending on the nanowire length and the spectral range. This behavior can be explained by a generalized Fabry–Perot model. The turnover point between the two regimes is sensitive to the surface plasmon round trip losses and thus opens a new possibility for detecting changes of the optical absorption in the nanowire environment.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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