Abstract

Two-wave mixing in nematic liquid crystals doped with dyes and chiral agents is studied. The photo-induced spatial modulation of the chiral structure, together with the diffusion anisotropy of the mixture, determine a relatively fast response time, a spatial resolution of 1 μm, and a maximum gain for circularly polarized interacting beams. The gain is insensitive to changes in linear polarization, while it varies with the grating period and with the pump-to-signal intensity ratio.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2011 (2)

2010 (3)

U. A. Hrozhyk, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, T. J. White, and T. J. Bunning, Opt. Express 18, 9651 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Coles and S. Morris, Nat. Photon. 4, 676 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Sabet and H. Khoshsima, Dyes Pigm. 87, 95 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

T. Sasaki, A. Emoto, T. Shioda, and H. Ono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 023303 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Khoo, Phys. Rep. 471, 221 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Boychuk, I. Gerus, A. Iljin, and J. Parka, Opto-Electron. Rev. 17, 287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

C.-T. Kuo, S.-Yu Huang, M.-S. Kuo, and D.-J. Jang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Petrossian and S. Residori, Opt. Commun. 228, 145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Petrossian and S. Residori, Europhys. Lett. 60, 79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

I. C. Khoo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 525 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

E. V. Rudenko and A. V. Sukhov, Sov. Phys. JETP 78, 875 (1994).

Bongrand, I.

Boychuk, V.

V. Boychuk, I. Gerus, A. Iljin, and J. Parka, Opto-Electron. Rev. 17, 287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brignon, A.

Bunning, T. J.

Chen, P.

Chilaya, G.

G. Chilaya, in Chirality in Liquid Crystals (Springer, 2000).

Coles, H.

H. Coles and S. Morris, Nat. Photon. 4, 676 (2010).
[CrossRef]

de Gennes, P. G.

P. G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals (Oxford Science Publications, 1993).

Emoto, A.

T. Sasaki, A. Emoto, T. Shioda, and H. Ono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 023303 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Francescangeli, O.

Gerus, I.

V. Boychuk, I. Gerus, A. Iljin, and J. Parka, Opto-Electron. Rev. 17, 287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guenther, B. D.

Gunter, P.

P. Gunter and J. P. Huignard, Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications 1 (Springer Science, 2006).

Hrozhyk, U. A.

Huang, S.-Yu

C.-T. Kuo, S.-Yu Huang, M.-S. Kuo, and D.-J. Jang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J. P.

A. Brignon, I. Bongrand, B. Loiseaux, and J. P. Huignard, Opt. Lett. 22, 1855 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Gunter and J. P. Huignard, Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications 1 (Springer Science, 2006).

Iljin, A.

A. Iljin, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 543, 143 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Boychuk, I. Gerus, A. Iljin, and J. Parka, Opto-Electron. Rev. 17, 287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jang, D.-J.

C.-T. Kuo, S.-Yu Huang, M.-S. Kuo, and D.-J. Jang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Khoo, I. C.

I. C. Khoo, Phys. Rep. 471, 221 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Khoo, S. Slussarenko, B. D. Guenther, M. Y. Shih, P. Chen, and W. V. Wood, Opt. Lett. 23, 253 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Khoo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 525 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Khoshsima, H.

R. A. Sabet and H. Khoshsima, Dyes Pigm. 87, 95 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, C.-T.

C.-T. Kuo, S.-Yu Huang, M.-S. Kuo, and D.-J. Jang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, M.-S.

C.-T. Kuo, S.-Yu Huang, M.-S. Kuo, and D.-J. Jang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Loiseaux, B.

Lucchetta, D. E.

Lucchetti, L.

Morris, S.

H. Coles and S. Morris, Nat. Photon. 4, 676 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ono, H.

T. Sasaki, A. Emoto, T. Shioda, and H. Ono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 023303 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Parka, J.

V. Boychuk, I. Gerus, A. Iljin, and J. Parka, Opto-Electron. Rev. 17, 287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Petrossian, A.

A. Petrossian and S. Residori, Opt. Commun. 228, 145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Petrossian and S. Residori, Europhys. Lett. 60, 79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Prost, J.

P. G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals (Oxford Science Publications, 1993).

Residori, S.

A. Petrossian and S. Residori, Opt. Commun. 228, 145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Petrossian and S. Residori, Europhys. Lett. 60, 79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rudenko, E. V.

E. V. Rudenko and A. V. Sukhov, Sov. Phys. JETP 78, 875 (1994).

Sabet, R. A.

R. A. Sabet and H. Khoshsima, Dyes Pigm. 87, 95 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, T.

T. Sasaki, A. Emoto, T. Shioda, and H. Ono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 023303 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Serak, S. V.

Shih, M. Y.

Shioda, T.

T. Sasaki, A. Emoto, T. Shioda, and H. Ono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 023303 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Simoni, F.

Slussarenko, S.

Sukhov, A. V.

E. V. Rudenko and A. V. Sukhov, Sov. Phys. JETP 78, 875 (1994).

Tabiryan, N. V.

White, T. J.

Wood, W. V.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Sasaki, A. Emoto, T. Shioda, and H. Ono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 023303 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dyes Pigm. (1)

R. A. Sabet and H. Khoshsima, Dyes Pigm. 87, 95 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

A. Petrossian and S. Residori, Europhys. Lett. 60, 79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. C. Khoo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 525 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

C.-T. Kuo, S.-Yu Huang, M.-S. Kuo, and D.-J. Jang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

A. Iljin, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 543, 143 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (1)

H. Coles and S. Morris, Nat. Photon. 4, 676 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Petrossian and S. Residori, Opt. Commun. 228, 145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Opto-Electron. Rev. (1)

V. Boychuk, I. Gerus, A. Iljin, and J. Parka, Opto-Electron. Rev. 17, 287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rep. (1)

I. C. Khoo, Phys. Rep. 471, 221 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

E. V. Rudenko and A. V. Sukhov, Sov. Phys. JETP 78, 875 (1994).

Other (3)

P. G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals (Oxford Science Publications, 1993).

G. Chilaya, in Chirality in Liquid Crystals (Springer, 2000).

P. Gunter and J. P. Huignard, Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications 1 (Springer Science, 2006).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Absorption spectrum of MR in LC (red curve) and reflection band of CLC, 36.7% CB15 in E7, (blue curve); MR is 0.5% in both cases. (b) Wave-mixing setup; h: wave vector of the helical structure, r: LC alignment direction, QWP: quarter-wave plate.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

First-order probe diffraction efficiency versus its polarization state; squares: transmitted first-order; triangles: reflected first-order.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Time behavior of the output signal by switching on/off one pump (dashed line); left-circular polarization and 1.4 mW total power. (b) Rise τon and fall τoff time as a function of the two pump total power; circles: linear pump τon, squares: left-circular pump τon, down triangles: linear pump τoff, up triangles: left-circular pump τoff; dotted lines: theoretical fits.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

G as a function of β; Λ=15.34μm; from bottom to top Ip=4.46 (circles: linear pol., squares: left-circular pol.), 7.23 (down triangle: linear pol., up triangle: left-circular pol.), 14.57mW/cm2 (left triangle: linear pol., right triangle: left-circular pol.).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) G as a function of the grating period Λ; β=30. (b) Photo-induced change of the reflective band-gap.

Equations (1)

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G=ISout(with the pump)ISout(without the pump)=1+[2πλn2IP]2d2,

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