Abstract

We proposed and fabricated a nanofilm half-wave plate consisting of periodic arrays of orthogonally coupled slit-hole resonator structures in Au film. Experimental results reveal that 95.2% of energy of the incident linearly polarized light is converted to the perpendicular polarization direction after reflection from the nanostructure. The wave plate is single layer with only 180 nm thickness, which is much thinner than the operation wavelength. Our method can be expanded to other resonant structures or transmitted case.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011 (1)

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

E. Plum, X. X. Liu, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 113902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

A. Drezet, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Hao and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. B 77, 094201 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

H. Liu, D. A. Genov, D. M. Wu, Y. M. Liu, Z. W. Liu, C. Sun, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 76, 073101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and Lei Zhou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

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[CrossRef]

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Science 306, 1351 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1996 (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1957 (1)

R. H. Ritchie, Phys. Rev. 106, 874 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brolo, A. G.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cao, J. X.

T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, H. Liu, and S. N. Zhu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 261113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. T.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and Lei Zhou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

E. Plum, X. X. Liu, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 113902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Drezet, A.

A. Drezet, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

A. Drezet, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Enkrich, C.

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Science 306, 1351 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fedotov, V. A.

E. Plum, X. X. Liu, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 113902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Genet, C.

A. Drezet, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Genov, D. A.

H. Liu, D. A. Genov, D. M. Wu, Y. M. Liu, Z. W. Liu, C. Sun, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 76, 073101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, R.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hao, J.

J. Hao and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. B 77, 094201 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and Lei Zhou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Holden, A. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hooper, R.

Jiang, T.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and Lei Zhou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, E. G.

Kavanagh, K. L.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kong, J. A.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and Lei Zhou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koschny, T.

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Science 306, 1351 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lajunen, H.

Leathem, B.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

J. Xu, T. Li, F. F. Lu, S. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, Opt. Express 19, 748 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, H. Liu, and S. N. Zhu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 261113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Linden, S.

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Science 306, 1351 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, H. Liu, and S. N. Zhu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 261113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Zhu, H. Liu, S. M. Wang, W. M. Ye, X. D. Yuan, and S. N. Zhu, Opt. Lett. 35, 754 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, D. A. Genov, D. M. Wu, Y. M. Liu, Z. W. Liu, C. Sun, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 76, 073101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. X.

E. Plum, X. X. Liu, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 113902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. M.

H. Liu, D. A. Genov, D. M. Wu, Y. M. Liu, Z. W. Liu, C. Sun, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 76, 073101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z. W.

H. Liu, D. A. Genov, D. M. Wu, Y. M. Liu, Z. W. Liu, C. Sun, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 76, 073101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, F. F.

Magnusson, R.

McKinnon, A.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, Science 305, 788 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Plum, E.

E. Plum, X. X. Liu, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 113902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rajora, A.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ran, L.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and Lei Zhou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ritchie, R. H.

R. H. Ritchie, Phys. Rev. 106, 874 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Rogacheva, A. V.

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sambles, J. R.

Schwanecke, A. S.

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shokooh-Saremi, M.

Smith, D. R.

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, Science 305, 788 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Science 306, 1351 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, W. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.

H. Liu, D. A. Genov, D. M. Wu, Y. M. Liu, Z. W. Liu, C. Sun, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 76, 073101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tervo, J.

Tsai, D. P.

E. Plum, X. X. Liu, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 113902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Turunen, J.

Wang, S. M.

Wegener, M.

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Science 306, 1351 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wiltshire, M. C. K.

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, Science 305, 788 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, D. M.

H. Liu, D. A. Genov, D. M. Wu, Y. M. Liu, Z. W. Liu, C. Sun, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 76, 073101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Ye, W. M.

Youngs, I.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, X. D.

Yuan, Y.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and Lei Zhou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

H. Liu, D. A. Genov, D. M. Wu, Y. M. Liu, Z. W. Liu, C. Sun, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 76, 073101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zheludev, N. I.

E. Plum, X. X. Liu, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 113902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Science 306, 1351 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, L.

J. Hao and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. B 77, 094201 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Lei

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and Lei Zhou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S. N.

J. Xu, T. Li, F. F. Lu, S. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, Opt. Express 19, 748 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Zhu, H. Liu, S. M. Wang, W. M. Ye, X. D. Yuan, and S. N. Zhu, Opt. Lett. 35, 754 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, H. Liu, and S. N. Zhu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 261113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, D. A. Genov, D. M. Wu, Y. M. Liu, Z. W. Liu, C. Sun, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 76, 073101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Z. H.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, H. Liu, and S. N. Zhu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 261113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. (1)

R. H. Ritchie, Phys. Rev. 106, 874 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

J. Hao and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. B 77, 094201 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, D. A. Genov, D. M. Wu, Y. M. Liu, Z. W. Liu, C. Sun, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 76, 073101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, X. X. Liu, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 113902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Drezet, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and Lei Zhou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, Science 305, 788 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Science 306, 1351 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Nanofilm half-wave plate consisting of periodic arrays of orthogonally CSHR structures in Au film, right inset indicating a unit cell of the arrays.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of experimental setup. (a) Experimental sample fabricated by the etching of FIB. (b) Optical microscope polarization measuring setup. PCI, peripheral component interconnect.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Measured reflectance spectra in preferred polarization direction by fixing the incident polarization supplied by the first prism along the x direction, where 0°, 10°, …, and 180° denote the measured polarization directions determined by the second prism 0°, 10°, …, and 180° counterclockwise angles with respect to the positive x axis, respectively. (b) According simulation reflectance spectra by the FDTD method.

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