Abstract

A novel type of multiband wavelength demultiplexer for on-chip spectroscopy applications is proposed, and first results of the device fabrication and characterization are reported. The devices are based on computer-designed digital planar holograms, which involve millions of lines specifically located and oriented in order to direct output light into designed focal channels according to the wavelength. Devices operate in four individual bandwidths within the visible range (477.2–478.0 nm, 528.8–529.9 nm, 586.4–587.7 nm, 628.9–630.4 nm) with 96 channels and spectral channel spacing down to 0.0375nm/channel.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xia, A. A. Eftekhar, M. Soltani, B. Momeni, Q. Li, M. Chamanzar, S. Yegnanarayanan, and A. Adibi, Opt. Express 19, 12356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

S. Babin, A. Bugrov, S. Cabrini, S. Dhuey, A. Goltsov, I. Ivonin, E.-B. Kley, C. Peroz, H. Schmidt, and V. Yankov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 041105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Momeni, E. S. Hosseini, M. Askari, M. Soltani, and A. Adibi, Opt. Commun. 282, 3168 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

2004

R. Wolffenbuttel, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 53, 197 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

V. Yankov, S. Babin, I. Ivonin, A. Goltsov, A. Morosov, L. Polonskiy, M. Spector, A. Talapov, E. B. Kley, and H. Schmidt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 410 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1996

M. Li, S. Kristiansson, N. Eriksson, and A. Larsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1653 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

1990

C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, Y. Shani, R. C. Kistler, V. Pol, and K. J. Orlovsky, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 748 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987

E. Yablonovich, Phys. Rev Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1976

T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, and J. Koyama, Opt. Commun. 19, 353 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Adibi, A.

Andre, N.

M. Z. Martin, N. Labbe, N. Andre, R. Harris, M. Ebinger, S. D. Wullschleger, and A. A. Vass, Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1426 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Askari, M.

B. Momeni, E. S. Hosseini, M. Askari, M. Soltani, and A. Adibi, Opt. Commun. 282, 3168 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Babin, S.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Babin, A. Bugrov, S. Cabrini, S. Dhuey, A. Goltsov, I. Ivonin, E.-B. Kley, C. Peroz, H. Schmidt, and V. Yankov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 041105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Yankov, S. Babin, I. Ivonin, A. Goltsov, A. Morosov, L. Polonskiy, M. Spector, A. Talapov, E. B. Kley, and H. Schmidt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 410 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bugrov, A.

S. Babin, A. Bugrov, S. Cabrini, S. Dhuey, A. Goltsov, I. Ivonin, E.-B. Kley, C. Peroz, H. Schmidt, and V. Yankov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 041105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cabrini, S.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Babin, A. Bugrov, S. Cabrini, S. Dhuey, A. Goltsov, I. Ivonin, E.-B. Kley, C. Peroz, H. Schmidt, and V. Yankov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 041105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chamanzar, M.

Cheben, P.

Chen, L.

Chen, X.

Delâge, A.

Densmore, A.

Dhuey, S.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Babin, A. Bugrov, S. Cabrini, S. Dhuey, A. Goltsov, I. Ivonin, E.-B. Kley, C. Peroz, H. Schmidt, and V. Yankov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 041105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dodd, J. A.

Ebinger, M.

M. Z. Martin, N. Labbe, N. Andre, R. Harris, M. Ebinger, S. D. Wullschleger, and A. A. Vass, Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1426 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Eftekhar, A. A.

Eriksson, N.

M. Li, S. Kristiansson, N. Eriksson, and A. Larsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1653 (1996).
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Gardner, J. A.

Gerke, T. D.

T. D. Gerke and R. Piestun, Nat. Photon. 4, 188 (2010).
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Goltsov, A.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Babin, A. Bugrov, S. Cabrini, S. Dhuey, A. Goltsov, I. Ivonin, E.-B. Kley, C. Peroz, H. Schmidt, and V. Yankov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 041105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Yankov, S. Babin, I. Ivonin, A. Goltsov, A. Morosov, L. Polonskiy, M. Spector, A. Talapov, E. B. Kley, and H. Schmidt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 410 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Harris, R.

M. Z. Martin, N. Labbe, N. Andre, R. Harris, M. Ebinger, S. D. Wullschleger, and A. A. Vass, Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1426 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Harteneck, B.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Henry, C. H.

C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, Y. Shani, R. C. Kistler, V. Pol, and K. J. Orlovsky, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 748 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hosseini, E. S.

B. Momeni, E. S. Hosseini, M. Askari, M. Soltani, and A. Adibi, Opt. Commun. 282, 3168 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ivonin, I.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Babin, A. Bugrov, S. Cabrini, S. Dhuey, A. Goltsov, I. Ivonin, E.-B. Kley, C. Peroz, H. Schmidt, and V. Yankov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 041105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Yankov, S. Babin, I. Ivonin, A. Goltsov, A. Morosov, L. Polonskiy, M. Spector, A. Talapov, E. B. Kley, and H. Schmidt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 410 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Janz, S.

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic, 2000).

Kazarinov, R. F.

C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, Y. Shani, R. C. Kistler, V. Pol, and K. J. Orlovsky, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 748 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kistler, R. C.

C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, Y. Shani, R. C. Kistler, V. Pol, and K. J. Orlovsky, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 748 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kley, E. B.

V. Yankov, S. Babin, I. Ivonin, A. Goltsov, A. Morosov, L. Polonskiy, M. Spector, A. Talapov, E. B. Kley, and H. Schmidt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 410 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kley, E.-B.

S. Babin, A. Bugrov, S. Cabrini, S. Dhuey, A. Goltsov, I. Ivonin, E.-B. Kley, C. Peroz, H. Schmidt, and V. Yankov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 041105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kopyatev, S.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, J.

T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, and J. Koyama, Opt. Commun. 19, 353 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kristiansson, S.

M. Li, S. Kristiansson, N. Eriksson, and A. Larsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1653 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kyotoku, B. B. C.

Labbe, N.

M. Z. Martin, N. Labbe, N. Andre, R. Harris, M. Ebinger, S. D. Wullschleger, and A. A. Vass, Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1426 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lamontagne, B.

Lapointe, J.

Larsson, A.

M. Li, S. Kristiansson, N. Eriksson, and A. Larsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1653 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. I.

Li, M.

S.-W. Wang, C. Xia, X. Chen, W. Lu, M. Li, H. Wang, W. Zheng, and T. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 32, 632 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Li, S. Kristiansson, N. Eriksson, and A. Larsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1653 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Li, Q.

Lipson, M.

Lu, W.

Martin, M. Z.

M. Z. Martin, N. Labbe, N. Andre, R. Harris, M. Ebinger, S. D. Wullschleger, and A. A. Vass, Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1426 (2007).
[CrossRef]

McElman, S. E.

Momeni, B.

Morosov, A.

V. Yankov, S. Babin, I. Ivonin, A. Goltsov, A. Morosov, L. Polonskiy, M. Spector, A. Talapov, E. B. Kley, and H. Schmidt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 410 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nishihara, H.

T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, and J. Koyama, Opt. Commun. 19, 353 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Nitkowski, A.

Orlovsky, K. J.

C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, Y. Shani, R. C. Kistler, V. Pol, and K. J. Orlovsky, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 748 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Peroz, C.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Babin, A. Bugrov, S. Cabrini, S. Dhuey, A. Goltsov, I. Ivonin, E.-B. Kley, C. Peroz, H. Schmidt, and V. Yankov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 041105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Piestun, R.

T. D. Gerke and R. Piestun, Nat. Photon. 4, 188 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pol, V.

C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, Y. Shani, R. C. Kistler, V. Pol, and K. J. Orlovsky, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 748 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Polonskiy, L.

V. Yankov, S. Babin, I. Ivonin, A. Goltsov, A. Morosov, L. Polonskiy, M. Spector, A. Talapov, E. B. Kley, and H. Schmidt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 410 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Post, E.

Salter, R. H.

Sasorov, P.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, J. H.

Schmidt, H.

S. Babin, A. Bugrov, S. Cabrini, S. Dhuey, A. Goltsov, I. Ivonin, E.-B. Kley, C. Peroz, H. Schmidt, and V. Yankov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 041105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Yankov, S. Babin, I. Ivonin, A. Goltsov, A. Morosov, L. Polonskiy, M. Spector, A. Talapov, E. B. Kley, and H. Schmidt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 410 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shani, Y.

C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, Y. Shani, R. C. Kistler, V. Pol, and K. J. Orlovsky, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 748 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sneddon, J.

Soltani, M.

Spector, M.

V. Yankov, S. Babin, I. Ivonin, A. Goltsov, A. Morosov, L. Polonskiy, M. Spector, A. Talapov, E. B. Kley, and H. Schmidt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 410 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stearns, J. A.

Suhara, T.

T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, and J. Koyama, Opt. Commun. 19, 353 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Talapov, A.

V. Yankov, S. Babin, I. Ivonin, A. Goltsov, A. Morosov, L. Polonskiy, M. Spector, A. Talapov, E. B. Kley, and H. Schmidt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 410 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thiem, T. L.

Vass, A. A.

M. Z. Martin, N. Labbe, N. Andre, R. Harris, M. Ebinger, S. D. Wullschleger, and A. A. Vass, Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1426 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Waldron, P.

Wang, H.

Wang, S.-W.

Wolffenbuttel, R.

R. Wolffenbuttel, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 53, 197 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wullschleger, S. D.

M. Z. Martin, N. Labbe, N. Andre, R. Harris, M. Ebinger, S. D. Wullschleger, and A. A. Vass, Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1426 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xia, C.

Xia, Z.

Xu, D.-X.

Yablonovich, E.

E. Yablonovich, Phys. Rev Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yankov, V.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Babin, A. Bugrov, S. Cabrini, S. Dhuey, A. Goltsov, I. Ivonin, E.-B. Kley, C. Peroz, H. Schmidt, and V. Yankov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 041105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Yankov, S. Babin, I. Ivonin, A. Goltsov, A. Morosov, L. Polonskiy, M. Spector, A. Talapov, E. B. Kley, and H. Schmidt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 410 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yegnanarayanan, S.

Zhang, T.

Zheng, W.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. Babin, A. Bugrov, S. Cabrini, S. Dhuey, A. Goltsov, I. Ivonin, E.-B. Kley, C. Peroz, H. Schmidt, and V. Yankov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 041105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc.

IEEE Photon. J.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. Li, S. Kristiansson, N. Eriksson, and A. Larsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1653 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. Yankov, S. Babin, I. Ivonin, A. Goltsov, A. Morosov, L. Polonskiy, M. Spector, A. Talapov, E. B. Kley, and H. Schmidt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 410 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.

R. Wolffenbuttel, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 53, 197 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, Y. Shani, R. C. Kistler, V. Pol, and K. J. Orlovsky, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 748 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon.

T. D. Gerke and R. Piestun, Nat. Photon. 4, 188 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

B. Momeni, E. S. Hosseini, M. Askari, M. Soltani, and A. Adibi, Opt. Commun. 282, 3168 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, and J. Koyama, Opt. Commun. 19, 353 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev Lett.

E. Yablonovich, Phys. Rev Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta B

M. Z. Martin, N. Labbe, N. Andre, R. Harris, M. Ebinger, S. D. Wullschleger, and A. A. Vass, Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1426 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic, 2000).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schema of multiband spectrometer based on DPH. The spectral components of input light are resonantly reflected by the hologram and focused on the output channels located at the edge of the device. (Inset) Spatial response of one DPH spectrometer to a 0.25 nm bandwidth laser probe.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Cross-section scanning electron microscope picture of DPH gratings etched in SiO2:Gex waveguide core layer.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical response of a four-band DPH spectrometer with 96 channels. (a), (b), (c), (d) Intensity distribution of the light reflected within adjacent output channels for blue (477.2–478.0 nm), green (528.8–529.9 nm), orange (586.4–587.7 nm), and red (628.9–630.4 nm) bands, respectively. The etching depth of the hologram is 140 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Response of three distinct output channels (1, 12, 24) at the variation of the input wavelength for a four-band device with (a) 140 nm and (b) 90 nm etching depths. Red band is 628.9–630.4 nm (d=140nm) and 633.1–635.6 nm (d=90nm), in good agreement with simulations. Solid lines are Gaussian fitting curves as guidelines.

Metrics