Abstract

Two-beam interference ablation of 1,4-Bis(4-methylstyryl)benzene organic crystal by short laser pulses (10 ns, 355 nm) is presented. The influence of laser fluence, interference period, and pulse number on the morphology have been studied. The morphology is closely associated with the molecular interactions in the crystals, and it could be well controlled by adjusting the laser fluence and pulses number. Through interference ablating the crystals with high fluence pulses, and then treated with low fluence laser pulses, grating structures with smooth surface could be fabricated without any additional process.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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X. P. Zhang, T. R. Zhai, Z. G. Pang, and F. Dou, Adv. Mater. 23, 1860 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Pivac, P. Dubcek, S. Milosevic, N. Krstulovic, Z. Kregar, and S. Bernstorff, Appl. Surf. Sci. 257, 5358 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Yang, H. H. Fang, R. Ding, S. Y. Lu, Y. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 9171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

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[CrossRef]

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R. Kabe, H. Nakanotani, T. Sakanoue, M. Yahiro, and C. Adachi, Adv. Mater. 21, 4034 (2009).
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P. Dittrich, R. Bartlome, G. Montemezzani, and P. Gunter, Appl. Surf. Sci. 220, 88 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Adachi, C.

R. Kabe, H. Nakanotani, T. Sakanoue, M. Yahiro, and C. Adachi, Adv. Mater. 21, 4034 (2009).
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Ancona, A.

Bao, Z. A.

C. Reese, M. E. Roberts, S. R. Parkin, and Z. A. Bao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 202101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bao, Z. N.

C. Reese and Z. N. Bao, J. Mater. Chem. 16, 329 (2006).
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Bartlome, R.

P. Dittrich, R. Bartlome, G. Montemezzani, and P. Gunter, Appl. Surf. Sci. 220, 88 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bastian, G.

Bernstorff, S.

B. Pivac, P. Dubcek, S. Milosevic, N. Krstulovic, Z. Kregar, and S. Bernstorff, Appl. Surf. Sci. 257, 5358 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chan, R.

R. J. Tseng, R. Chan, V. C. Tung, and Y. Yang, Adv. Mater. 20, 435 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Q. D.

J. Yang, H. H. Fang, R. Ding, S. Y. Lu, Y. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 9171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Fang, J. Yang, R. Ding, Q. D. Chen, L. Wang, H. Xia, J. Feng, Y. G. Ma, and H. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 101101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Fang, Q. D. Chen, R. Ding, J. Yang, Y. G. Ma, H. Y. Wang, B. R. Gao, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Opt. Lett. 35, 2561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Fang, Q. D. Chen, J. Yang, H. Xia, Y. G. Ma, H. Y. Wang, and H. B. Sun, Opt. Lett. 35, 441 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Y.

M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, Acs Nano 3, 4062 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, Phys. Rev. B 79, 125436 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Delysse, S.

D. Fichou, S. Delysse, and J. M. Nunzi, Adv. Mater. 9, 1178 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ding, R.

J. Yang, H. H. Fang, R. Ding, S. Y. Lu, Y. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 9171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Fang, Q. D. Chen, R. Ding, J. Yang, Y. G. Ma, H. Y. Wang, B. R. Gao, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Opt. Lett. 35, 2561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Fang, J. Yang, R. Ding, Q. D. Chen, L. Wang, H. Xia, J. Feng, Y. G. Ma, and H. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 101101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dittrich, P.

P. Dittrich, R. Bartlome, G. Montemezzani, and P. Gunter, Appl. Surf. Sci. 220, 88 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Döring, S.

Dou, F.

X. P. Zhang, T. R. Zhai, Z. G. Pang, and F. Dou, Adv. Mater. 23, 1860 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dubcek, P.

B. Pivac, P. Dubcek, S. Milosevic, N. Krstulovic, Z. Kregar, and S. Bernstorff, Appl. Surf. Sci. 257, 5358 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fang, H. H.

J. Yang, H. H. Fang, R. Ding, S. Y. Lu, Y. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 9171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Fang, J. Yang, R. Ding, Q. D. Chen, L. Wang, H. Xia, J. Feng, Y. G. Ma, and H. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 101101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Fang, Q. D. Chen, R. Ding, J. Yang, Y. G. Ma, H. Y. Wang, B. R. Gao, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Opt. Lett. 35, 2561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Fang, Q. D. Chen, J. Yang, H. Xia, Y. G. Ma, H. Y. Wang, and H. B. Sun, Opt. Lett. 35, 441 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Feng, J.

H. H. Fang, Q. D. Chen, R. Ding, J. Yang, Y. G. Ma, H. Y. Wang, B. R. Gao, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Opt. Lett. 35, 2561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Fang, J. Yang, R. Ding, Q. D. Chen, L. Wang, H. Xia, J. Feng, Y. G. Ma, and H. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 101101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fichou, D.

D. Fichou, S. Delysse, and J. M. Nunzi, Adv. Mater. 9, 1178 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gao, B. R.

Gunter, P.

P. Dittrich, R. Bartlome, G. Montemezzani, and P. Gunter, Appl. Surf. Sci. 220, 88 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hesselink, L.

Huang, M.

M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, Acs Nano 3, 4062 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, Phys. Rev. B 79, 125436 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jauregui, C.

Kabe, R.

R. Kabe, H. Nakanotani, T. Sakanoue, M. Yahiro, and C. Adachi, Adv. Mater. 21, 4034 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, M.

Kregar, Z.

B. Pivac, P. Dubcek, S. Milosevic, N. Krstulovic, Z. Kregar, and S. Bernstorff, Appl. Surf. Sci. 257, 5358 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Krstulovic, N.

B. Pivac, P. Dubcek, S. Milosevic, N. Krstulovic, Z. Kregar, and S. Bernstorff, Appl. Surf. Sci. 257, 5358 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lemmer, U.

Limpert, J.

Lu, S. Y.

J. Yang, H. H. Fang, R. Ding, S. Y. Lu, Y. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 9171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y. G.

Milosevic, S.

B. Pivac, P. Dubcek, S. Milosevic, N. Krstulovic, Z. Kregar, and S. Bernstorff, Appl. Surf. Sci. 257, 5358 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Montemezzani, G.

P. Dittrich, R. Bartlome, G. Montemezzani, and P. Gunter, Appl. Surf. Sci. 220, 88 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nakanotani, H.

R. Kabe, H. Nakanotani, T. Sakanoue, M. Yahiro, and C. Adachi, Adv. Mater. 21, 4034 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

Nunzi, J. M.

D. Fichou, S. Delysse, and J. M. Nunzi, Adv. Mater. 9, 1178 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pang, Z. G.

X. P. Zhang, T. R. Zhai, Z. G. Pang, and F. Dou, Adv. Mater. 23, 1860 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Parkin, S. R.

C. Reese, M. E. Roberts, S. R. Parkin, and Z. A. Bao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 202101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pissadakis, S.

Pivac, B.

B. Pivac, P. Dubcek, S. Milosevic, N. Krstulovic, Z. Kregar, and S. Bernstorff, Appl. Surf. Sci. 257, 5358 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Reese, C.

C. Reese, M. E. Roberts, S. R. Parkin, and Z. A. Bao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 202101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Reese and Z. N. Bao, J. Mater. Chem. 16, 329 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ren, J.

Roberts, M. E.

C. Reese, M. E. Roberts, S. R. Parkin, and Z. A. Bao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 202101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Röser, F.

Sakanoue, T.

R. Kabe, H. Nakanotani, T. Sakanoue, M. Yahiro, and C. Adachi, Adv. Mater. 21, 4034 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stroisch, M.

Sun, H. B.

J. Yang, H. H. Fang, R. Ding, S. Y. Lu, Y. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 9171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Fang, Q. D. Chen, J. Yang, H. Xia, Y. G. Ma, H. Y. Wang, and H. B. Sun, Opt. Lett. 35, 441 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Fang, J. Yang, R. Ding, Q. D. Chen, L. Wang, H. Xia, J. Feng, Y. G. Ma, and H. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 101101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Fang, Q. D. Chen, R. Ding, J. Yang, Y. G. Ma, H. Y. Wang, B. R. Gao, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Opt. Lett. 35, 2561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tseng, R. J.

R. J. Tseng, R. Chan, V. C. Tung, and Y. Yang, Adv. Mater. 20, 435 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tung, V. C.

R. J. Tseng, R. Chan, V. C. Tung, and Y. Yang, Adv. Mater. 20, 435 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Violakis, G.

Wang, H. Y.

Wang, L.

H. H. Fang, J. Yang, R. Ding, Q. D. Chen, L. Wang, H. Xia, J. Feng, Y. G. Ma, and H. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 101101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Woggon, T.

Xia, H.

H. H. Fang, J. Yang, R. Ding, Q. D. Chen, L. Wang, H. Xia, J. Feng, Y. G. Ma, and H. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 101101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Fang, Q. D. Chen, J. Yang, H. Xia, Y. G. Ma, H. Y. Wang, and H. B. Sun, Opt. Lett. 35, 441 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, N. S.

M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, Acs Nano 3, 4062 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, Phys. Rev. B 79, 125436 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z. Z.

M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, Phys. Rev. B 79, 125436 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, Acs Nano 3, 4062 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yahiro, M.

R. Kabe, H. Nakanotani, T. Sakanoue, M. Yahiro, and C. Adachi, Adv. Mater. 21, 4034 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

J. Yang, H. H. Fang, R. Ding, S. Y. Lu, Y. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 9171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Fang, J. Yang, R. Ding, Q. D. Chen, L. Wang, H. Xia, J. Feng, Y. G. Ma, and H. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 101101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Fang, Q. D. Chen, R. Ding, J. Yang, Y. G. Ma, H. Y. Wang, B. R. Gao, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Opt. Lett. 35, 2561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Fang, Q. D. Chen, J. Yang, H. Xia, Y. G. Ma, H. Y. Wang, and H. B. Sun, Opt. Lett. 35, 441 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

R. J. Tseng, R. Chan, V. C. Tung, and Y. Yang, Adv. Mater. 20, 435 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhai, T. R.

X. P. Zhang, T. R. Zhai, Z. G. Pang, and F. Dou, Adv. Mater. 23, 1860 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. P.

X. P. Zhang, T. R. Zhai, Z. G. Pang, and F. Dou, Adv. Mater. 23, 1860 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. L.

J. Yang, H. H. Fang, R. Ding, S. Y. Lu, Y. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 9171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, F. L.

M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, Phys. Rev. B 79, 125436 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, Acs Nano 3, 4062 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Acs Nano

M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, Acs Nano 3, 4062 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

X. P. Zhang, T. R. Zhai, Z. G. Pang, and F. Dou, Adv. Mater. 23, 1860 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Fichou, S. Delysse, and J. M. Nunzi, Adv. Mater. 9, 1178 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Tseng, R. Chan, V. C. Tung, and Y. Yang, Adv. Mater. 20, 435 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Kabe, H. Nakanotani, T. Sakanoue, M. Yahiro, and C. Adachi, Adv. Mater. 21, 4034 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. Reese, M. E. Roberts, S. R. Parkin, and Z. A. Bao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 202101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Fang, J. Yang, R. Ding, Q. D. Chen, L. Wang, H. Xia, J. Feng, Y. G. Ma, and H. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 101101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci.

B. Pivac, P. Dubcek, S. Milosevic, N. Krstulovic, Z. Kregar, and S. Bernstorff, Appl. Surf. Sci. 257, 5358 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Dittrich, R. Bartlome, G. Montemezzani, and P. Gunter, Appl. Surf. Sci. 220, 88 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem.

C. Reese and Z. N. Bao, J. Mater. Chem. 16, 329 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C

J. Yang, H. H. Fang, R. Ding, S. Y. Lu, Y. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 9171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, Phys. Rev. B 79, 125436 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Molecular structure and photograph of a typical BSB-Me crystal grown in our laboratory. (b) Crystal packing image of BSB-Me crystal. (c) The optical layout of the experimental setup for the interference ablation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

SEM pictures of BSB-Me following UV nanosecond laser interference ablation treatment at (a) F=0.10J/cm2, period 400nm; (b) 0.14J/cm2; (c) 0.2J/cm2; (d) 0.14J/cm2, period 2000nm; and (e) 0.2J/cm2; (f) 0.25J/cm2.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a)–(f) SEM images of BSB-Me following UV nanosecond laser interference ablation treatment at F=0.14J/cm2, period 2000nm, with various numbers of applied pulses N. (a) N=50; (b) N=100; (c) N=150. (d), (e), and (f) are magnified views of a section in (a), (b), and (c), respectively. (g)–(l) SEM images after ablation treatment at F=0.14J/cm2, period 500nm, (g) N=100; (h) N=200; (i) N=300. (j), (k), and (l) are magnified views of a section in (g), (h), and (i), respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Schematic picture of laser ablation process. (b) SEM picture of BSB-Me with laser interference ablation treatment at F=0.14J/cm2, period 400nm, N=50. Smoothed surface treated with low-power laser F=0.11J/cm2, (c) N=200,(d) N=500. (e) Magnified view of a section in (d).

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