Abstract

A new technique to realize an array of multiple true-time-delay elements, which can be independently and continuously tuned, is reported. It is based on a WDM parallel signal processing approach in conjunction with a diffraction-based Fourier-domain optical signal processor. Programmable linear optical phase transfer functions are realized to obtain different electrical true-time delays. The technique can scale to a large number of wideband true-time-delay lines, with continuously tunable programmable delay. Results demonstrate multiple true-time-delay elements with independent tuning control and verify the concept by tuning the free spectral range of a microwave photonic notch filter. To our best knowledge, this is the first demonstration of multiple independently controllable true-time-delay lines for microwave photonic systems.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photon. 1, 319 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 54, 832 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 314 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. B. Hunter, M. E. Parker, and J. L. Dexter, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 54, 861 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Vidal, T. Menqual, C. Ibanez-Lopez, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, E. Vez, J. Santamaria, F. Dalmases, and L. Jofre, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1200 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Jofre, C. Stoltidou, S. Blanch, T. Mengual, B. Vidal, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, and J. M. del Cura, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1594 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Blais and J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 1147 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. T. Schermer, F. Bucholtz, and C. A. Villarruel, Opt. Express 19, 5371 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1286 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Akiyama, H. Matsuzawa, K. Sakai, S. Itakura, and Y. Hirano, in Proceedings of IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2009), paper Fr3.1.
  11. M. A. F. Roelens, S. Frisken, J. A. Bolger, D. Abakoumov, G. Baxter, S. Poole, and B. J. Eggleton, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 73 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, Electron. Lett. 33, 74 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2011

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1286 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Schermer, F. Bucholtz, and C. A. Villarruel, Opt. Express 19, 5371 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

L. Jofre, C. Stoltidou, S. Blanch, T. Mengual, B. Vidal, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, and J. M. del Cura, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1594 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. F. Roelens, S. Frisken, J. A. Bolger, D. Abakoumov, G. Baxter, S. Poole, and B. J. Eggleton, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 73 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photon. 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 54, 832 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Hunter, M. E. Parker, and J. L. Dexter, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 54, 861 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Vidal, T. Menqual, C. Ibanez-Lopez, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, E. Vez, J. Santamaria, F. Dalmases, and L. Jofre, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1200 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1997

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, Electron. Lett. 33, 74 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Abakoumov, D.

Ahmed, Z.

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, Electron. Lett. 33, 74 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Akiyama, T.

T. Akiyama, H. Matsuzawa, K. Sakai, S. Itakura, and Y. Hirano, in Proceedings of IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2009), paper Fr3.1.

Baxter, G.

Blais, S.

Blanch, S.

L. Jofre, C. Stoltidou, S. Blanch, T. Mengual, B. Vidal, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, and J. M. del Cura, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1594 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bolger, J. A.

Bucholtz, F.

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photon. 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dalmases, F.

B. Vidal, T. Menqual, C. Ibanez-Lopez, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, E. Vez, J. Santamaria, F. Dalmases, and L. Jofre, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1200 (2006).
[CrossRef]

del Cura, J. M.

L. Jofre, C. Stoltidou, S. Blanch, T. Mengual, B. Vidal, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, and J. M. del Cura, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1594 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dexter, J. L.

D. B. Hunter, M. E. Parker, and J. L. Dexter, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 54, 861 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Frisken, S.

Hirano, Y.

T. Akiyama, H. Matsuzawa, K. Sakai, S. Itakura, and Y. Hirano, in Proceedings of IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2009), paper Fr3.1.

Huang, T. X. H.

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1286 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hunter, D. B.

D. B. Hunter, M. E. Parker, and J. L. Dexter, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 54, 861 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ibanez-Lopez, C.

B. Vidal, T. Menqual, C. Ibanez-Lopez, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, E. Vez, J. Santamaria, F. Dalmases, and L. Jofre, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1200 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Itakura, S.

T. Akiyama, H. Matsuzawa, K. Sakai, S. Itakura, and Y. Hirano, in Proceedings of IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2009), paper Fr3.1.

Jofre, L.

L. Jofre, C. Stoltidou, S. Blanch, T. Mengual, B. Vidal, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, and J. M. del Cura, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1594 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Vidal, T. Menqual, C. Ibanez-Lopez, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, E. Vez, J. Santamaria, F. Dalmases, and L. Jofre, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1200 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Marti, J.

L. Jofre, C. Stoltidou, S. Blanch, T. Mengual, B. Vidal, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, and J. M. del Cura, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1594 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Vidal, T. Menqual, C. Ibanez-Lopez, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, E. Vez, J. Santamaria, F. Dalmases, and L. Jofre, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1200 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matsuzawa, H.

T. Akiyama, H. Matsuzawa, K. Sakai, S. Itakura, and Y. Hirano, in Proceedings of IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2009), paper Fr3.1.

McKenzie, I.

L. Jofre, C. Stoltidou, S. Blanch, T. Mengual, B. Vidal, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, and J. M. del Cura, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1594 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Vidal, T. Menqual, C. Ibanez-Lopez, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, E. Vez, J. Santamaria, F. Dalmases, and L. Jofre, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1200 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mengual, T.

L. Jofre, C. Stoltidou, S. Blanch, T. Mengual, B. Vidal, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, and J. M. del Cura, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1594 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Menqual, T.

B. Vidal, T. Menqual, C. Ibanez-Lopez, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, E. Vez, J. Santamaria, F. Dalmases, and L. Jofre, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1200 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Minasian, R. A.

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1286 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 54, 832 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Novak, D.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photon. 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, Electron. Lett. 33, 74 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Parker, M. E.

D. B. Hunter, M. E. Parker, and J. L. Dexter, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 54, 861 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Poole, S.

Roelens, M. A. F.

Sakai, K.

T. Akiyama, H. Matsuzawa, K. Sakai, S. Itakura, and Y. Hirano, in Proceedings of IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2009), paper Fr3.1.

Santamaria, J.

B. Vidal, T. Menqual, C. Ibanez-Lopez, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, E. Vez, J. Santamaria, F. Dalmases, and L. Jofre, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1200 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schermer, R. T.

Smith, G. H.

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, Electron. Lett. 33, 74 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stoltidou, C.

L. Jofre, C. Stoltidou, S. Blanch, T. Mengual, B. Vidal, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, and J. M. del Cura, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1594 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vez, E.

B. Vidal, T. Menqual, C. Ibanez-Lopez, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, E. Vez, J. Santamaria, F. Dalmases, and L. Jofre, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1200 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vidal, B.

L. Jofre, C. Stoltidou, S. Blanch, T. Mengual, B. Vidal, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, and J. M. del Cura, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1594 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Vidal, T. Menqual, C. Ibanez-Lopez, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, E. Vez, J. Santamaria, F. Dalmases, and L. Jofre, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1200 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Villarruel, C. A.

Yao, J. P.

Yi, X.

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1286 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, Electron. Lett. 33, 74 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

B. Vidal, T. Menqual, C. Ibanez-Lopez, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, E. Vez, J. Santamaria, F. Dalmases, and L. Jofre, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1200 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1286 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag.

L. Jofre, C. Stoltidou, S. Blanch, T. Mengual, B. Vidal, J. Marti, I. McKenzie, and J. M. del Cura, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1594 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech.

D. B. Hunter, M. E. Parker, and J. L. Dexter, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 54, 861 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 54, 832 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nat. Photon.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photon. 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Other

T. Akiyama, H. Matsuzawa, K. Sakai, S. Itakura, and Y. Hirano, in Proceedings of IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2009), paper Fr3.1.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of microwave photonic time shifter system. PD, photodiode.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Measured RF phase and (b) the corresponding time delay at different phase slopes.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured RF transmission of the microwave photonic true-time-delay line.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Time shift and (b) RF power at four optical channels. Circles, channel 1; squares, channel 2; triangles, channel 3; crosses, channel 4.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experimental setup of the microwave photonic notch filter.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Measured response of the microwave photonic notch filter: (a) tuning toward low FSR, (b) tuning toward high FSR.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S(f)Aej(π(ff0)α/180°+b),
I(t)Acos(2πfmt+πfmα/180°),
H(fm)P1A1+P2A2ej2πfm(τ2τ1+DΔλ),

Metrics