Abstract

Nonlinear phenomena occurring in an optical fiber ring resonator featuring ultrahigh Q factor are experimentally studied. The laser is locked onto the resonator, and the optical power induced in the resonator is controlled. The onset of the first stimulated Brillouin scattering wave occurs at an optical input power as low as 9dBm in these resonators. When the resonator is used as the frequency reference device in an optoelectronic oscillator (OEO), it has been found that these parasitic signals mix with the OEO signal and degrade its phase noise. More than 20 dB improvement of the OEO phase noise has been demonstrated by limiting these nonlinear optical effects.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, in 2004 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest (IEEE, 2004), pp. 287–290.
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2011 (1)

K. Saleh, A. Bouchier, P. H. Merrer, O. Llopis, and G. Cibiel, Proc. SPIE 7936, 79360A (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

2004 (1)

A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. A 70, 05804 (2004).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

1982 (1)

1922 (1)

L. Brillouin, Ann. Phys. 17, 88 (1922).

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007), Chap. 9.

Bao, X.

Bouchier, A.

K. Saleh, A. Bouchier, P. H. Merrer, O. Llopis, and G. Cibiel, Proc. SPIE 7936, 79360A (2011).
[Crossref]

P. H. Merrer, A. Bouchier, H. Brahimi, O. Llopis, and G. Cibiel, in Proceedings of the 2009 Joint Meeting of the European Frequency and Time Forum (EFTF) and the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium (FCS) (IEEE, 2009), pp. 866–869.

Brahimi, H.

P. H. Merrer, A. Bouchier, H. Brahimi, O. Llopis, and G. Cibiel, in Proceedings of the 2009 Joint Meeting of the European Frequency and Time Forum (EFTF) and the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium (FCS) (IEEE, 2009), pp. 866–869.

Brillouin, L.

L. Brillouin, Ann. Phys. 17, 88 (1922).

Cahill, J.

O. Okusaga, J. Cahill, W. Zhou, A. Docherty, G. M. Carter, and C. R. Menyuk, in Proceedings of the 2011 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control and the European Frequency and Time Forum (FCS) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–6.

Carter, G. M.

O. Okusaga, J. Cahill, W. Zhou, A. Docherty, G. M. Carter, and C. R. Menyuk, in Proceedings of the 2011 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control and the European Frequency and Time Forum (FCS) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–6.

Chen, L.

Chodorow, M.

Chowdhury, D.

Cibiel, G.

K. Saleh, A. Bouchier, P. H. Merrer, O. Llopis, and G. Cibiel, Proc. SPIE 7936, 79360A (2011).
[Crossref]

P. H. Merrer, A. Bouchier, H. Brahimi, O. Llopis, and G. Cibiel, in Proceedings of the 2009 Joint Meeting of the European Frequency and Time Forum (EFTF) and the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium (FCS) (IEEE, 2009), pp. 866–869.

Docherty, A.

O. Okusaga, J. Cahill, W. Zhou, A. Docherty, G. M. Carter, and C. R. Menyuk, in Proceedings of the 2011 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control and the European Frequency and Time Forum (FCS) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–6.

Dong, Y.

Ilchenko, V. S.

A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. A 70, 05804 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kobyakov, A.

Liang, H.

Lit, J.

Llopis, O.

K. Saleh, A. Bouchier, P. H. Merrer, O. Llopis, and G. Cibiel, Proc. SPIE 7936, 79360A (2011).
[Crossref]

P. H. Merrer, A. Bouchier, H. Brahimi, O. Llopis, and G. Cibiel, in Proceedings of the 2009 Joint Meeting of the European Frequency and Time Forum (EFTF) and the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium (FCS) (IEEE, 2009), pp. 866–869.

Maleki, L.

A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. A 70, 05804 (2004).
[Crossref]

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, in 2004 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest (IEEE, 2004), pp. 287–290.

Matsko, A. B.

A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. A 70, 05804 (2004).
[Crossref]

Menyuk, C. R.

O. Okusaga, J. Cahill, W. Zhou, A. Docherty, G. M. Carter, and C. R. Menyuk, in Proceedings of the 2011 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control and the European Frequency and Time Forum (FCS) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–6.

Merrer, P. H.

K. Saleh, A. Bouchier, P. H. Merrer, O. Llopis, and G. Cibiel, Proc. SPIE 7936, 79360A (2011).
[Crossref]

P. H. Merrer, A. Bouchier, H. Brahimi, O. Llopis, and G. Cibiel, in Proceedings of the 2009 Joint Meeting of the European Frequency and Time Forum (EFTF) and the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium (FCS) (IEEE, 2009), pp. 866–869.

Okusaga, O.

O. Okusaga, J. Cahill, W. Zhou, A. Docherty, G. M. Carter, and C. R. Menyuk, in Proceedings of the 2011 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control and the European Frequency and Time Forum (FCS) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–6.

Saleh, K.

K. Saleh, A. Bouchier, P. H. Merrer, O. Llopis, and G. Cibiel, Proc. SPIE 7936, 79360A (2011).
[Crossref]

Sauer, M.

Savchenkov, A. A.

A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. A 70, 05804 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shaw, H. J.

Stokes, L. F.

Yao, X. S.

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, in 2004 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest (IEEE, 2004), pp. 287–290.

Zhang, F.

Zhou, W.

O. Okusaga, J. Cahill, W. Zhou, A. Docherty, G. M. Carter, and C. R. Menyuk, in Proceedings of the 2011 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control and the European Frequency and Time Forum (FCS) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–6.

Zhu, T.

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Ann. Phys. (1)

L. Brillouin, Ann. Phys. 17, 88 (1922).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. A 70, 05804 (2004).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

K. Saleh, A. Bouchier, P. H. Merrer, O. Llopis, and G. Cibiel, Proc. SPIE 7936, 79360A (2011).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

P. H. Merrer, A. Bouchier, H. Brahimi, O. Llopis, and G. Cibiel, in Proceedings of the 2009 Joint Meeting of the European Frequency and Time Forum (EFTF) and the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium (FCS) (IEEE, 2009), pp. 866–869.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007), Chap. 9.

O. Okusaga, J. Cahill, W. Zhou, A. Docherty, G. M. Carter, and C. R. Menyuk, in Proceedings of the 2011 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control and the European Frequency and Time Forum (FCS) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–6.

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, in 2004 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest (IEEE, 2004), pp. 287–290.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Double directional coupler 20 m long FRR.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optoelectronic oscillator at 10 GHz. PDH, Pound–Drever–Hall; MZM, Mach–Zehnder modulator; A, RF amplifier.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Illustration of the optical spectrum while using the OEO setup in the presence of the first and second Stokes and the Rayleigh scattering.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Resonator output laser pump, Rayleigh, and first and second Stokes powers as a function of the laser pump input power.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

20 m long, fiber ring resonator based 10 GHz OEO phase noise reduction due to SBS suppression at low optical carrier power.

Equations (1)

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Leq=Qopt·cn·π·fopt,

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