Abstract

This paper proposes an actively mode-locked fiber ring laser for sensing applications. Mode-locking of the laser is achieved by driving an electro-optic amplitude modulator at an RF corresponding to the fundamental beat frequency between the longitudinal modes. The change of the cavity length produces a frequency comb around the beat frequencies. The frequency separation of the comb is found to be linearly proportional to the cavity length change. The sensing mechanism of the device is shown. Temperature measurement is demonstrated using the proposed actively mode-locked fiber ring laser.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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2011 (1)

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425(2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

2007 (1)

2005 (2)

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. T. Lau, and H. L. W. Chan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 169 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. Gagliardi, M. Salza, P. Ferraro, and P. De Natale, Opt. Express 13, 2377 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

1992 (1)

Ball, G. A.

Bergquist, J. C.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425(2011).
[Crossref]

Chan, H. L. W.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. T. Lau, and H. L. W. Chan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 169 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

Chen, L.

Chen, X.

Cheng, J.

De Natale, P.

Diddams, S. A.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425(2011).
[Crossref]

Ferraro, P.

Fortier, T. M.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425(2011).
[Crossref]

Gagliardi, G.

Gao, L.

Guan, B. O.

B. O. Guan and S. N. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 230 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. T. Lau, and H. L. W. Chan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 169 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hadeler, O.

Ibsen, M.

Ippen, E. P.

Jeong, Y.

Jiang, Y.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425(2011).
[Crossref]

Kärtner, F. X.

Kirchner, M. S.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425(2011).
[Crossref]

Kringlebotn, J. T.

Laming, R. I.

Lau, S. T.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. T. Lau, and H. L. W. Chan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 169 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lemke, N.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425(2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

Loh, W. H.

Ludlow, A.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425(2011).
[Crossref]

Morey, W. W.

Nilsson, J.

Oates, C. W.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425(2011).
[Crossref]

Payne, D.

Quinlan, F.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425(2011).
[Crossref]

Ronnekleiv, E.

Rosenband, T.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425(2011).
[Crossref]

Sahu, J.

Salza, M.

Sickler, J. W.

Tam, H. Y.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. T. Lau, and H. L. W. Chan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 169 (2005).
[Crossref]

Taylor, J.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425(2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. N.

B. O. Guan and S. N. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 230 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, F.

Yin, Z.

Zhang, L.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

System configuration of the actively mode-locked fiber ring laser. WDM, wavelength division multiplexer; EOM, electro-optic modulator; SG, signal generator; EDF, erbium-doped fiber; ISO, isolator; PC, polarization controller; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer; PD, photodetector; RFSA, radio frequency spectrum analyzer; OSC, oscilloscope.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Beat frequencies of a perfectly mode-locked fiber ring laser, (b) the beat frequencies of a mode-locked fiber ring laser with a slight difference between the modulation frequency and the cavity mode spacing.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Laser output in the optical domain and pulse train in the time domain of an actively mode-locked fiber ring laser, (b) a beat frequency of an actively mode-locked fiber ring laser, (c) generation of a frequency comb around a beat frequency at 36 °C, (d) stability test of beat frequencies in a frequency comb and an unlocked fiber ring laser.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temperature response of the actively mode-locked fiber ring laser.

Equations (5)

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λm=nLm,
fpq=cλpcλq=(pq)cnL,
Δfs=|c(nL)0c(nL)1||c[(nL)0]2δ(nL)|=|fmod(nL)0δ(nL)|,
δ(nL)=dndTLsΔT+dLdTnΔT=(dndT+αn)LsΔT,
Δfs=fmodLsΔT(nL)0(dndT+αn).

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