Abstract

We present a device for two-stage frequency upconversion of single-photon-level signals in the 1.55 μm telecom band to the green spectral region with low excess noise, suitable for detection by low-timing-jitter silicon single-photon avalanche photodiodes (APDs). We achieve a net conversion efficiency of 87% and a system timing jitter below 70 ps FWHM, dominated by the jitter of the APD. Modifications of our device are suitable for downconversion of single photons from visible-wavelength quantum emitters into the telecom band.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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2011 (3)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

R. H. Hadfield, Nat. Photon. 3, 696 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).

M. A. Albota and F. N. C. Wong, Opt. Lett. 29, 1449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

Albota, M. A.

Arie, A.

R. Lifshitz, A. Arie, and A. Bahabad, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Asobe, M.

Bahabad, A.

R. Lifshitz, A. Arie, and A. Bahabad, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Clark, R.

R. Clark, T. Kim, and J. Kim, in IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series (IEEE, 2011), pp. 45–46.

Diamanti, E.

Fejer, M. M.

Hadfield, R. H.

R. H. Hadfield, Nat. Photon. 3, 696 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hongo, T.

Honjo, T.

Inoue, S.

Kamada, H.

Kim, J.

R. Clark, T. Kim, and J. Kim, in IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series (IEEE, 2011), pp. 45–46.

Kim, T.

R. Clark, T. Kim, and J. Kim, in IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series (IEEE, 2011), pp. 45–46.

Kwiat, P. G.

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).

Langrock, C.

Lifshitz, R.

R. Lifshitz, A. Arie, and A. Bahabad, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L.

Miyazawa, H.

Namekata, N.

Nishida, Y.

Pelc, J. S.

Phillips, C. R.

Roussev, R. V.

Slattery, O.

Suzuki, H.

Tadanaga, O.

Takesue, H.

Tang, X.

Tokura, Y.

Vandevender, A. P.

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).

Wong, F. N. C.

Yamamoto, Y.

Zhang, Q.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematics of (a) frequencies involved with and (b) PPLN waveguide design for two-stage upconversion for low-timing-jitter single-photon detection; (c) PDE of commercial low-jitter Si SPDs versus wavelength, manufactured by MPD [9] and id Quantique [10].

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup for timing jitter measurement of two-stage upconverter. Abbreviations: PC, polarization controller; WDM, wavelength-division multiplexer; VATT, variable attenuator; IM, electro-optic intensity modulator; MLL, mode-locked laser; LPF, long-pass filter; BPF, bandpass filter; TIA, time-interval analyzer.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Low-conversion-efficiency phase-matching tuning versus signal wavelength λ1 and device temperature T, showing simultaneous quasi-phasematching of SFG-A and SFG-B. (b) Conversion efficiencies ηint and η2 versus pump power Pp, with fit to Eq. (2).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Two-stage upconversion detector timing jitter.

Equations (2)

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da2dz=iγBgB(z)ainteiΔkBz,daintdz=iγBgB(z)a2eiΔkBziγAgA(z)a1eiΔkAz,da1dz=iγAgA(z)ainteiΔkAz,
η2=N2(L)N1(0)=sin2[γALA]sin2[γB(LLA)],ηint=Nint(L)N1(0)=sin2[γALA]cos2[γB(LLA)],

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