Abstract

We demonstrate efficient multimode (MM) to single-mode (SM) conversion in a 19-port photonic lantern with a 50 μm core MM delivery fiber. The photonic lantern can be used within the field of astrophotonics for coupling MM starlight to an ensemble of SM fibers in order to perform fiber-Bragg-grating-based spectral filtering. An MM delivery fiber spliced to the photonic lantern offers the advantage that the delivery fiber guides the light from the focal plane of the telescope to the splitter. Therefore, it is no longer necessary to have the splitter mounted directly in the focal plane of the telescope. The coupling loss from a 50 μm core MM fiber to an ensemble of 19 SM fibers and back to a 50 μm core MM fiber is below 1.1 dB.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2011

2010

D. Noordegraaf, P. M. W. Skovgaard, M. D. Nielsen, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Haynes, and J. Lægsgaard, Opt. Express 18, 4673 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Argyros, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, Opt. Express 18, 8430 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, G. Robertson, S. Campbell, B. Pope, C. Betters, S. G. Leon-Saval, T. Birks, R. Haynes, N. Cvetojevic, and N. Jovanovic, Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350N (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Ellis, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, J. Bryant, R. Haynes, A. Horton, S. Lee, S. G. Leon-Saval, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, J. Mladenoff, J. O’Byrne, W. Rambold, M. Roth, and C. Trinh, Proc. SPIE 7735, 773516 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

2005

2004

1983

P. M. Gray, Proc. SPIE 374, 160 (1983).

1981

S. C. Barden, L. W. Ramsey, and R. J. Truax, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 93, 154 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1971

Argyros, A.

Barden, S. C.

S. C. Barden, L. W. Ramsey, and R. J. Truax, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 93, 154 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Betters, C.

J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, G. Robertson, S. Campbell, B. Pope, C. Betters, S. G. Leon-Saval, T. Birks, R. Haynes, N. Cvetojevic, and N. Jovanovic, Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350N (2010).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T.

J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, G. Robertson, S. Campbell, B. Pope, C. Betters, S. G. Leon-Saval, T. Birks, R. Haynes, N. Cvetojevic, and N. Jovanovic, Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350N (2010).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

Bland-Hawthorn, J.

Bryant, J.

S. C. Ellis, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, J. Bryant, R. Haynes, A. Horton, S. Lee, S. G. Leon-Saval, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, J. Mladenoff, J. O’Byrne, W. Rambold, M. Roth, and C. Trinh, Proc. SPIE 7735, 773516 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Buryak, A.

Campbell, S.

J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, G. Robertson, S. Campbell, B. Pope, C. Betters, S. G. Leon-Saval, T. Birks, R. Haynes, N. Cvetojevic, and N. Jovanovic, Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350N (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, J. L.

T. A. Birks, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, S. G. Leon-Saval, and D. F. Murphy, in Frontiers in Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper FTuU1.

Cvetojevic, N.

J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, G. Robertson, S. Campbell, B. Pope, C. Betters, S. G. Leon-Saval, T. Birks, R. Haynes, N. Cvetojevic, and N. Jovanovic, Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350N (2010).
[CrossRef]

Diez, A.

T. A. Birks, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, S. G. Leon-Saval, and D. F. Murphy, in Frontiers in Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper FTuU1.

Edvell, G.

Ellis, S. C.

S. C. Ellis, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, J. Bryant, R. Haynes, A. Horton, S. Lee, S. G. Leon-Saval, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, J. Mladenoff, J. O’Byrne, W. Rambold, M. Roth, and C. Trinh, Proc. SPIE 7735, 773516 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Englund, M.

Gloge, D.

Gray, P. M.

P. M. Gray, Proc. SPIE 374, 160 (1983).

Gross, S.

I. Spaleniak, N. Jovanovic, S. Gross, M. Ireland, J. S. Lawrence, and M. Withford, in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2011), paper 5410-CT-5.

Haynes, R.

S. C. Ellis, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, J. Bryant, R. Haynes, A. Horton, S. Lee, S. G. Leon-Saval, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, J. Mladenoff, J. O’Byrne, W. Rambold, M. Roth, and C. Trinh, Proc. SPIE 7735, 773516 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Noordegraaf, P. M. W. Skovgaard, M. D. Nielsen, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Haynes, and J. Lægsgaard, Opt. Express 18, 4673 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, G. Robertson, S. Campbell, B. Pope, C. Betters, S. G. Leon-Saval, T. Birks, R. Haynes, N. Cvetojevic, and N. Jovanovic, Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350N (2010).
[CrossRef]

Horton, A.

S. C. Ellis, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, J. Bryant, R. Haynes, A. Horton, S. Lee, S. G. Leon-Saval, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, J. Mladenoff, J. O’Byrne, W. Rambold, M. Roth, and C. Trinh, Proc. SPIE 7735, 773516 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ireland, M.

I. Spaleniak, N. Jovanovic, S. Gross, M. Ireland, J. S. Lawrence, and M. Withford, in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2011), paper 5410-CT-5.

Jovanovic, N.

J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, G. Robertson, S. Campbell, B. Pope, C. Betters, S. G. Leon-Saval, T. Birks, R. Haynes, N. Cvetojevic, and N. Jovanovic, Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350N (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Spaleniak, N. Jovanovic, S. Gross, M. Ireland, J. S. Lawrence, and M. Withford, in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2011), paper 5410-CT-5.

Kar, A. K.

Kolossovski, K.

Lægsgaard, J.

Lawrence, J. S.

J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, G. Robertson, S. Campbell, B. Pope, C. Betters, S. G. Leon-Saval, T. Birks, R. Haynes, N. Cvetojevic, and N. Jovanovic, Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350N (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Ellis, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, J. Bryant, R. Haynes, A. Horton, S. Lee, S. G. Leon-Saval, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, J. Mladenoff, J. O’Byrne, W. Rambold, M. Roth, and C. Trinh, Proc. SPIE 7735, 773516 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Spaleniak, N. Jovanovic, S. Gross, M. Ireland, J. S. Lawrence, and M. Withford, in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2011), paper 5410-CT-5.

Lee, S.

S. C. Ellis, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, J. Bryant, R. Haynes, A. Horton, S. Lee, S. G. Leon-Saval, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, J. Mladenoff, J. O’Byrne, W. Rambold, M. Roth, and C. Trinh, Proc. SPIE 7735, 773516 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leon-Saval, S. G.

R. R. Thomson, T. A. Birks, S. G. Leon-Saval, A. K. Kar, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, Opt. Express 19, 5698 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Ellis, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, J. Bryant, R. Haynes, A. Horton, S. Lee, S. G. Leon-Saval, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, J. Mladenoff, J. O’Byrne, W. Rambold, M. Roth, and C. Trinh, Proc. SPIE 7735, 773516 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Argyros, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, Opt. Express 18, 8430 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, G. Robertson, S. Campbell, B. Pope, C. Betters, S. G. Leon-Saval, T. Birks, R. Haynes, N. Cvetojevic, and N. Jovanovic, Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350N (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and M. Englund, Opt. Lett. 30, 2545 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, S. G. Leon-Saval, and D. F. Murphy, in Frontiers in Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper FTuU1.

Löhmannsröben, H.-G.

S. C. Ellis, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, J. Bryant, R. Haynes, A. Horton, S. Lee, S. G. Leon-Saval, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, J. Mladenoff, J. O’Byrne, W. Rambold, M. Roth, and C. Trinh, Proc. SPIE 7735, 773516 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mladenoff, J.

S. C. Ellis, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, J. Bryant, R. Haynes, A. Horton, S. Lee, S. G. Leon-Saval, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, J. Mladenoff, J. O’Byrne, W. Rambold, M. Roth, and C. Trinh, Proc. SPIE 7735, 773516 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, D. F.

T. A. Birks, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, S. G. Leon-Saval, and D. F. Murphy, in Frontiers in Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper FTuU1.

Nielsen, M. D.

Noordegraaf, D.

O’Byrne, J.

S. C. Ellis, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, J. Bryant, R. Haynes, A. Horton, S. Lee, S. G. Leon-Saval, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, J. Mladenoff, J. O’Byrne, W. Rambold, M. Roth, and C. Trinh, Proc. SPIE 7735, 773516 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pope, B.

J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, G. Robertson, S. Campbell, B. Pope, C. Betters, S. G. Leon-Saval, T. Birks, R. Haynes, N. Cvetojevic, and N. Jovanovic, Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350N (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rambold, W.

S. C. Ellis, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, J. Bryant, R. Haynes, A. Horton, S. Lee, S. G. Leon-Saval, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, J. Mladenoff, J. O’Byrne, W. Rambold, M. Roth, and C. Trinh, Proc. SPIE 7735, 773516 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ramsey, L. W.

S. C. Barden, L. W. Ramsey, and R. J. Truax, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 93, 154 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, G.

J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, G. Robertson, S. Campbell, B. Pope, C. Betters, S. G. Leon-Saval, T. Birks, R. Haynes, N. Cvetojevic, and N. Jovanovic, Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350N (2010).
[CrossRef]

Roth, M.

S. C. Ellis, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, J. Bryant, R. Haynes, A. Horton, S. Lee, S. G. Leon-Saval, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, J. Mladenoff, J. O’Byrne, W. Rambold, M. Roth, and C. Trinh, Proc. SPIE 7735, 773516 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Skovgaard, P. M. W.

Spaleniak, I.

I. Spaleniak, N. Jovanovic, S. Gross, M. Ireland, J. S. Lawrence, and M. Withford, in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2011), paper 5410-CT-5.

Thomson, R. R.

Trinh, C.

S. C. Ellis, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, J. Bryant, R. Haynes, A. Horton, S. Lee, S. G. Leon-Saval, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, J. Mladenoff, J. O’Byrne, W. Rambold, M. Roth, and C. Trinh, Proc. SPIE 7735, 773516 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Truax, R. J.

S. C. Barden, L. W. Ramsey, and R. J. Truax, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 93, 154 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Withford, M.

I. Spaleniak, N. Jovanovic, S. Gross, M. Ireland, J. S. Lawrence, and M. Withford, in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2011), paper 5410-CT-5.

Appl. Opt.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

S. C. Ellis, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, J. Bryant, R. Haynes, A. Horton, S. Lee, S. G. Leon-Saval, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, J. Mladenoff, J. O’Byrne, W. Rambold, M. Roth, and C. Trinh, Proc. SPIE 7735, 773516 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Gray, Proc. SPIE 374, 160 (1983).

J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. S. Lawrence, G. Robertson, S. Campbell, B. Pope, C. Betters, S. G. Leon-Saval, T. Birks, R. Haynes, N. Cvetojevic, and N. Jovanovic, Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350N (2010).
[CrossRef]

Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac.

S. C. Barden, L. W. Ramsey, and R. J. Truax, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 93, 154 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Other

T. A. Birks, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, S. G. Leon-Saval, and D. F. Murphy, in Frontiers in Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper FTuU1.

I. Spaleniak, N. Jovanovic, S. Gross, M. Ireland, J. S. Lawrence, and M. Withford, in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2011), paper 5410-CT-5.

Vytran, http://www.vytran.com.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic illustration of the photonic lantern.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Microscope image of the cross section of the tapered MM tip of the photonic lantern. (b) Splice between the tapered MM tip of the photonic lantern (right side) and the 50 μm core MM fiber.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transmission loss and NA dependence on the coiling diameter of the 5 m long, 50 μm core MM fiber.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

MM to SM to MM transmission loss through two photonic lanterns spliced back to back (devices #1 and #2) as a function of the launched NA. The measurement is made with an ASE source centered at 1530 nm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Spectral transmission through two photonic lanterns spliced back-to-back (solid blue line). The transmission measured with a 1530 nm ASE source is indicated by the red square. The dashed green line indicates the HOM cut-off wavelength of the SMF-28 fibers.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Average SM to MM Transmission Loss and Average NA of the Light out of the MM Delivery Fiber (Values in Brackets Show the Highest Measured Value for a Single Port)

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

MV24.
V=2πλaNA,
NAλMπa.

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