Abstract

We report on the passive mode locking of a Tm3+:Sc2O3 laser at 2.1 μm using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror based on InGaAsSb quantum wells. Transform-limited 218 fs pulses are generated with an average power of 210 mW. A maximum output power of 325 mW is produced during mode locking with the corresponding pulse duration of 246 fs at a pulse repetition frequency of 124.3 MHz. A Ti:sapphire laser is used as the pump source operating at 796 nm.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011

2010

2008

2007

2006

2000

V. W. S. Chan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 959 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

B. E. Bouma, L. E. Nelson, G. J. Tearney, D. J. Jones, M. E. Brezinski, and J. G. Fujimoto, J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 76 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

F. X. Kartner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992

S. M. J. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Adler, F.

Balslev-Clausen, D.

Berner, N.

L. Fornasiero, N. Berner, B.-M. Dicks, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds. (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 450.

Bouma, B. E.

B. E. Bouma, L. E. Nelson, G. J. Tearney, D. J. Jones, M. E. Brezinski, and J. G. Fujimoto, J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 76 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brezinski, M. E.

B. E. Bouma, L. E. Nelson, G. J. Tearney, D. J. Jones, M. E. Brezinski, and J. G. Fujimoto, J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 76 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Briles, T. C.

Brown, C. T. A.

Calvez, S.

Cascales, C.

Chan, V. W. S.

V. W. S. Chan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 959 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cho, W. B.

A. Schmidt, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Y. Choi, W. B. Cho, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, P. Koopmann, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and P. Fuhrberg, in Europhoton Conference (European Physical Society, 2010), paper TuC3.

Choi, S. Y.

A. Schmidt, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Y. Choi, W. B. Cho, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, P. Koopmann, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and P. Fuhrberg, in Europhoton Conference (European Physical Society, 2010), paper TuC3.

Cossel, K. C.

Dawson, M. D.

Dicks, B.-M.

L. Fornasiero, N. Berner, B.-M. Dicks, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds. (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 450.

Engelbrecht, M.

Foltynowicz, A.

Fornasiero, L.

L. Fornasiero, N. Berner, B.-M. Dicks, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds. (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 450.

Fuhrberg, P.

P. Koopmann, S. Lamrini, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 36, 948 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Koopmann, S. Lamrini, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper ATuA5.

A. Schmidt, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Y. Choi, W. B. Cho, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, P. Koopmann, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and P. Fuhrberg, in Europhoton Conference (European Physical Society, 2010), paper TuC3.

Fujimoto, J. G.

B. E. Bouma, L. E. Nelson, G. J. Tearney, D. J. Jones, M. E. Brezinski, and J. G. Fujimoto, J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 76 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fusari, F.

Gattass, R. R.

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, Nat. Photon. 2, 219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Griebner, U.

A. Schmidt, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Y. Choi, W. B. Cho, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, P. Koopmann, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and P. Fuhrberg, in Europhoton Conference (European Physical Society, 2010), paper TuC3.

Guelachvili, G.

Gupta, J. A.

Han, X.

Hartl, I.

Haxsen, F.

Huber, G.

P. Koopmann, S. Lamrini, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 36, 948 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, J. Cryst. Growth 310, 1934 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Fornasiero, N. Berner, B.-M. Dicks, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds. (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 450.

P. Koopmann, S. Lamrini, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper ATuA5.

A. Schmidt, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Y. Choi, W. B. Cho, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, P. Koopmann, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and P. Fuhrberg, in Europhoton Conference (European Physical Society, 2010), paper TuC3.

Jones, D. J.

B. E. Bouma, L. E. Nelson, G. J. Tearney, D. J. Jones, M. E. Brezinski, and J. G. Fujimoto, J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 76 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jung, I. D.

F. X. Kartner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kartner, F. X.

F. X. Kartner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

F. X. Kartner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, S. M. J.

S. M. J. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kirchner, M. S.

Kisel, V. E.

Koopmann, P.

P. Koopmann, S. Lamrini, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 36, 948 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Koopmann, S. Lamrini, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper ATuA5.

A. Schmidt, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Y. Choi, W. B. Cho, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, P. Koopmann, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and P. Fuhrberg, in Europhoton Conference (European Physical Society, 2010), paper TuC3.

Kracht, D.

Kränkel, C.

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, J. Cryst. Growth 310, 1934 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

Kurilchik, S. V.

Lagatsky, A. A.

Lamrini, S.

P. Koopmann, S. Lamrini, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 36, 948 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Koopmann, S. Lamrini, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper ATuA5.

Mandon, J.

Maslowski, P.

Mazur, E.

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, Nat. Photon. 2, 219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mix, E.

L. Fornasiero, N. Berner, B.-M. Dicks, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds. (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 450.

Morgner, U.

Nelson, L. E.

B. E. Bouma, L. E. Nelson, G. J. Tearney, D. J. Jones, M. E. Brezinski, and J. G. Fujimoto, J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 76 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Neumann, J.

Newbury, N. R.

Petermann, K.

P. Koopmann, S. Lamrini, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 36, 948 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, J. Cryst. Growth 310, 1934 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Fornasiero, N. Berner, B.-M. Dicks, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds. (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 450.

P. Koopmann, S. Lamrini, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper ATuA5.

A. Schmidt, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Y. Choi, W. B. Cho, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, P. Koopmann, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and P. Fuhrberg, in Europhoton Conference (European Physical Society, 2010), paper TuC3.

Peters, R.

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, J. Cryst. Growth 310, 1934 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Peters, V.

L. Fornasiero, N. Berner, B.-M. Dicks, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds. (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 450.

Petrov, V.

A. Schmidt, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Y. Choi, W. B. Cho, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, P. Koopmann, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and P. Fuhrberg, in Europhoton Conference (European Physical Society, 2010), paper TuC3.

Picqué, N.

Rotermund, F.

A. Schmidt, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Y. Choi, W. B. Cho, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, P. Koopmann, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and P. Fuhrberg, in Europhoton Conference (European Physical Society, 2010), paper TuC3.

Ruehl, A.

Schmidt, A.

A. Schmidt, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Y. Choi, W. B. Cho, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, P. Koopmann, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and P. Fuhrberg, in Europhoton Conference (European Physical Society, 2010), paper TuC3.

Scholle, K.

P. Koopmann, S. Lamrini, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 36, 948 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Koopmann, S. Lamrini, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper ATuA5.

Serrano, M. D.

Sibbett, W.

Sorokin, E.

Sorokina, I. T.

Swann, W. C.

Tearney, G. J.

B. E. Bouma, L. E. Nelson, G. J. Tearney, D. J. Jones, M. E. Brezinski, and J. G. Fujimoto, J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 76 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Thorpe, M. J.

Wandt, D.

Ye, J.

Yeom, D.-I.

A. Schmidt, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Y. Choi, W. B. Cho, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, P. Koopmann, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and P. Fuhrberg, in Europhoton Conference (European Physical Society, 2010), paper TuC3.

Zaldo, C.

Electron. Lett.

S. M. J. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

V. W. S. Chan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 959 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kartner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt.

B. E. Bouma, L. E. Nelson, G. J. Tearney, D. J. Jones, M. E. Brezinski, and J. G. Fujimoto, J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 76 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, J. Cryst. Growth 310, 1934 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon.

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, Nat. Photon. 2, 219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

P. Koopmann, S. Lamrini, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper ATuA5.

A. Schmidt, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Y. Choi, W. B. Cho, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, P. Koopmann, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and P. Fuhrberg, in Europhoton Conference (European Physical Society, 2010), paper TuC3.

L. Fornasiero, N. Berner, B.-M. Dicks, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds. (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 450.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Inversion-dependent gain cross sections of Tm:Sc2O3. σgain(λ)=βσe(1β)σa, where σe and σa are emission and absorption cross sections, respectively.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of the mode-locked Tm:Sc2O3 laser. M1 and M2, plano–concave high-reflector mirrors, r1=r2=100mm; OC, output coupler; SWPF, short-wave pass filter; FS, pair of IR-grade fused silica prisms.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Input–output average power characteristics and the pulse duration as a function of absorbed pump power for the Tm:Sc2O3 laser. CW, continuous-wave operation; Q-S ML, Q-switched mode locking; ML, cw mode locking.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Intensity autocorrelation traces and the corresponding optical spectra of the mode-locked Tm:Sc2O3 laser for output couplings of 2.3% [(a), (b)] and 1.2% [(c), (d)].

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