Abstract

A novel magnetic field fiber sensor based on magnetic fluid is proposed. The sensor is configured as a Sagnac interferometer structure with a magnetic fluid film and a section of polarization maintaining fiber inserted into the fiber loop to produce a sinusoidal interference spectrum for measurement. The output interference spectrum is shifted as the change of the applied magnetic field strength with a sensitivity of 16.7 pm/Oe and a resolution of 0.60 Oe. The output optical power is varied with the change of the applied magnetic field strength with a sensitivity of 0.3998 dB/Oe.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011

J. X. Dai, M. H. Yang, X. B. Li, H. L. Liu, and X. L. Tong, Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 210 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, Y. F. Zhang, and X. Y. Dong, Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 025204 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, T. X. Gong, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, IEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 920 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, L. W. Siang, Y. X. Jin, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Fen, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, Opt. Lett. 36, 1425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

T. Hu, Y. Zhao, X. Li, J. Chen, and Z. Lv, Chinese Opt. Lett. 8, 392 (2010).

2007

J. J. Chieh, S. Y. Yang, H. E. Horng, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 133505 (2007).

T. Liu, X. Chen, Z. Di, J. Zhang, X. Li, and J. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121116 (2007).

O. Frazo, J. Baptista, and J. Santos, Sensors 7, 2970 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

H. E. Horng, C. S. Chen, K. L. Fang, S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

Baptista, J.

O. Frazo, J. Baptista, and J. Santos, Sensors 7, 2970 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cecelja, F.

L. Martinez, F. Cecelja, and R. Rakowski, Sens. Actuators A 123–24, 438 (2005).

Chan, C. C.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, L. W. Siang, Y. X. Jin, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Fen, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, Opt. Lett. 36, 1425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, T. X. Gong, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, IEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 920 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, Y. F. Zhang, and X. Y. Dong, Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 025204 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chao, Y. H.

Chen, C. S.

H. E. Horng, C. S. Chen, K. L. Fang, S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

T. Hu, Y. Zhao, X. Li, J. Chen, and Z. Lv, Chinese Opt. Lett. 8, 392 (2010).

T. Liu, X. Chen, Z. Di, J. Zhang, X. Li, and J. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121116 (2007).

Chen, L. H.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, T. X. Gong, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, IEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 920 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, L. W. Siang, Y. X. Jin, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Fen, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, Opt. Lett. 36, 1425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

T. Liu, X. Chen, Z. Di, J. Zhang, X. Li, and J. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121116 (2007).

Chen, X. W.

S. H. Yuan and X. W. Chen, in Fiber Optic Sensors V, K. D. Bennett, B. Y. Kim, and Y. B. Liao, eds. (Spie—Int Soc Optical Engineering, 1996), pp. 8–10.

Chieh, J. J.

J. J. Chieh, S. Y. Yang, H. E. Horng, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 133505 (2007).

H. E. Horng, J. J. Chieh, Y. H. Chao, S. Y. Yang, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Opt. Lett. 30, 543 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. E. Horng, C. S. Chen, K. L. Fang, S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dai, J. X.

J. X. Dai, M. H. Yang, X. B. Li, H. L. Liu, and X. L. Tong, Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 210 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Di, Z.

T. Liu, X. Chen, Z. Di, J. Zhang, X. Li, and J. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121116 (2007).

Dong, X. Y.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, Y. F. Zhang, and X. Y. Dong, Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 025204 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, T. X. Gong, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, IEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 920 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, L. W. Siang, Y. X. Jin, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Fen, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, Opt. Lett. 36, 1425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fang, K. L.

H. E. Horng, C. S. Chen, K. L. Fang, S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fen, L. H.

Frazo, O.

O. Frazo, J. Baptista, and J. Santos, Sensors 7, 2970 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Golub, I.

Gong, T. X.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, T. X. Gong, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, IEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 920 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hong, C. Y.

J. J. Chieh, S. Y. Yang, H. E. Horng, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 133505 (2007).

H. E. Horng, J. J. Chieh, Y. H. Chao, S. Y. Yang, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Opt. Lett. 30, 543 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. E. Horng, C. S. Chen, K. L. Fang, S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Horng, H. E.

J. J. Chieh, S. Y. Yang, H. E. Horng, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 133505 (2007).

H. E. Horng, J. J. Chieh, Y. H. Chao, S. Y. Yang, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Opt. Lett. 30, 543 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. E. Horng, C. S. Chen, K. L. Fang, S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hu, T.

T. Hu, Y. Zhao, X. Li, J. Chen, and Z. Lv, Chinese Opt. Lett. 8, 392 (2010).

Jin, Y. X.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, Y. F. Zhang, and X. Y. Dong, Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 025204 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, T. X. Gong, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, IEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 920 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, L. W. Siang, Y. X. Jin, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Fen, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, Opt. Lett. 36, 1425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

T. Hu, Y. Zhao, X. Li, J. Chen, and Z. Lv, Chinese Opt. Lett. 8, 392 (2010).

T. Liu, X. Chen, Z. Di, J. Zhang, X. Li, and J. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121116 (2007).

Li, X. B.

J. X. Dai, M. H. Yang, X. B. Li, H. L. Liu, and X. L. Tong, Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 210 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. L.

J. X. Dai, M. H. Yang, X. B. Li, H. L. Liu, and X. L. Tong, Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 210 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, T.

T. Liu, X. Chen, Z. Di, J. Zhang, X. Li, and J. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121116 (2007).

Lv, Z.

T. Hu, Y. Zhao, X. Li, J. Chen, and Z. Lv, Chinese Opt. Lett. 8, 392 (2010).

Martinez, L.

L. Martinez, F. Cecelja, and R. Rakowski, Sens. Actuators A 123–24, 438 (2005).

Rakowski, R.

L. Martinez, F. Cecelja, and R. Rakowski, Sens. Actuators A 123–24, 438 (2005).

Santos, J.

O. Frazo, J. Baptista, and J. Santos, Sensors 7, 2970 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Siang, L. W.

Simova, E.

Tong, X. L.

J. X. Dai, M. H. Yang, X. B. Li, H. L. Liu, and X. L. Tong, Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 210 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H. C.

J. J. Chieh, S. Y. Yang, H. E. Horng, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 133505 (2007).

H. E. Horng, J. J. Chieh, Y. H. Chao, S. Y. Yang, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Opt. Lett. 30, 543 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. E. Horng, C. S. Chen, K. L. Fang, S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, M. H.

J. X. Dai, M. H. Yang, X. B. Li, H. L. Liu, and X. L. Tong, Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 210 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S. Y.

J. J. Chieh, S. Y. Yang, H. E. Horng, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 133505 (2007).

H. E. Horng, J. J. Chieh, Y. H. Chao, S. Y. Yang, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Opt. Lett. 30, 543 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. E. Horng, C. S. Chen, K. L. Fang, S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, S. H.

S. H. Yuan and X. W. Chen, in Fiber Optic Sensors V, K. D. Bennett, B. Y. Kim, and Y. B. Liao, eds. (Spie—Int Soc Optical Engineering, 1996), pp. 8–10.

Zhang, J.

T. Liu, X. Chen, Z. Di, J. Zhang, X. Li, and J. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121116 (2007).

Zhang, Y. F.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, Y. F. Zhang, and X. Y. Dong, Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 025204 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, T. X. Gong, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, IEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 920 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, L. W. Siang, Y. X. Jin, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Fen, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, Opt. Lett. 36, 1425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

T. Hu, Y. Zhao, X. Li, J. Chen, and Z. Lv, Chinese Opt. Lett. 8, 392 (2010).

Zu, P.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, Y. F. Zhang, and X. Y. Dong, Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 025204 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, L. W. Siang, Y. X. Jin, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Fen, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, Opt. Lett. 36, 1425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, T. X. Gong, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, IEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 920 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. E. Horng, C. S. Chen, K. L. Fang, S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Chieh, S. Y. Yang, H. E. Horng, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 133505 (2007).

T. Liu, X. Chen, Z. Di, J. Zhang, X. Li, and J. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121116 (2007).

Chinese Opt. Lett.

T. Hu, Y. Zhao, X. Li, J. Chen, and Z. Lv, Chinese Opt. Lett. 8, 392 (2010).

IEE. Photon. Technol. Lett.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, T. X. Gong, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, IEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 920 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, Y. F. Zhang, and X. Y. Dong, Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 025204 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol.

J. X. Dai, M. H. Yang, X. B. Li, H. L. Liu, and X. L. Tong, Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 210 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Sens. Actuators A

L. Martinez, F. Cecelja, and R. Rakowski, Sens. Actuators A 123–24, 438 (2005).

Sensors

O. Frazo, J. Baptista, and J. Santos, Sensors 7, 2970 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other

S. H. Yuan and X. W. Chen, in Fiber Optic Sensors V, K. D. Bennett, B. Y. Kim, and Y. B. Liao, eds. (Spie—Int Soc Optical Engineering, 1996), pp. 8–10.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Structure of the fiber magnetic field sensor based on MF and its output spectrum.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured spectra under different magnetic field strengths for (a) perpendicular case and (b) parallel case.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dip wavelength of the spectrum varies with the external magnetic field strength for perpendicular case and parallel case.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Normalized transmission power varies with external magnetic field strength for perpendicular case and parallel case.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

J=eαo+αe2d(eiφm/2+αd00e(iφm/2+αd)),
T=e(αo+αe)dsin2(θ1+θ2)[cosh(2αd)cosφ]/2,

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