Abstract

A polarization rotator, suitable for integration in a polarization diversity optical receiver fabricated in InP technology, is proposed. The device, based on a two steps waveguide rotator, includes tapered input and output ports that provide very low insertion loss (<0.04dB). An extinction ratio of 40 dB at 1550 nm wavelength is calculated, comparable or even superior to other state of the art polarization converters. The main advantage of the proposed design is the capability of implementation using a standard fabrication process with only two dry etch steps, significantly reducing complexity and cost.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. Ip, A. Lau, D. Barros, and J. Kahn, Opt. Express 16, 753 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Kunkel, H. Bach, D. Hoffmann, C. Weinert, I. Molina-Fernandez, and R. Halir, in IPRM International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (IEEE, 2009), pp. 167–170.
  3. J. Van der Tol, J. Pedersen, E. Metaal, F. Hakimzadeh, Y. Oei, F. Groen, and I. Moerman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 893 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. Miller, and M. Young, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Deng, D. Yevick, C. Brooks, and P. Jessop, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 432 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. El-Rafei, D. Yevick, and T. Jones, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1352 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. U. Khalique, Y. Zhu, J. van der Tol, L. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, F. Groen, P. van Veldhoven, M. Smit, M. van de Moosdijk, W. de Laat, and K. Simon, in Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (OSA, 2009), pp. 11–13.
  8. D. Beggs, M. Midrio, and T. Krauss, Opt. Lett. 32, 2176 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Kim, R. Takei, Y. Shoji, and T. Mizumoto, Opt. Express 17, 11267 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Holmes and D. Hutchings, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 43 (2006).
  11. M. Kotlyar, L. Bolla, M. Midrio, L. O’Faolain, and T. Krauss, Opt. Express 13, 5040 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Z. Wang and D. Dai, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 747 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

B. Holmes and D. Hutchings, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 43 (2006).

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

1995 (1)

J. Van der Tol, J. Pedersen, E. Metaal, F. Hakimzadeh, Y. Oei, F. Groen, and I. Moerman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 893 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. Miller, and M. Young, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Alferness, R.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. Miller, and M. Young, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Augustin, L.

U. Khalique, Y. Zhu, J. van der Tol, L. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, F. Groen, P. van Veldhoven, M. Smit, M. van de Moosdijk, W. de Laat, and K. Simon, in Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (OSA, 2009), pp. 11–13.

Bach, H.

R. Kunkel, H. Bach, D. Hoffmann, C. Weinert, I. Molina-Fernandez, and R. Halir, in IPRM International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (IEEE, 2009), pp. 167–170.

Barros, D.

Beggs, D.

Bolla, L.

Brooks, C.

Dai, D.

de Laat, W.

U. Khalique, Y. Zhu, J. van der Tol, L. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, F. Groen, P. van Veldhoven, M. Smit, M. van de Moosdijk, W. de Laat, and K. Simon, in Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (OSA, 2009), pp. 11–13.

Deng, H.

El-Rafei, H.

Groen, F.

J. Van der Tol, J. Pedersen, E. Metaal, F. Hakimzadeh, Y. Oei, F. Groen, and I. Moerman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 893 (1995).
[CrossRef]

U. Khalique, Y. Zhu, J. van der Tol, L. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, F. Groen, P. van Veldhoven, M. Smit, M. van de Moosdijk, W. de Laat, and K. Simon, in Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (OSA, 2009), pp. 11–13.

Hakimzadeh, F.

J. Van der Tol, J. Pedersen, E. Metaal, F. Hakimzadeh, Y. Oei, F. Groen, and I. Moerman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 893 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Halir, R.

R. Kunkel, H. Bach, D. Hoffmann, C. Weinert, I. Molina-Fernandez, and R. Halir, in IPRM International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (IEEE, 2009), pp. 167–170.

Hanfoug, R.

U. Khalique, Y. Zhu, J. van der Tol, L. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, F. Groen, P. van Veldhoven, M. Smit, M. van de Moosdijk, W. de Laat, and K. Simon, in Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (OSA, 2009), pp. 11–13.

Hoffmann, D.

R. Kunkel, H. Bach, D. Hoffmann, C. Weinert, I. Molina-Fernandez, and R. Halir, in IPRM International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (IEEE, 2009), pp. 167–170.

Holmes, B.

B. Holmes and D. Hutchings, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 43 (2006).

Hutchings, D.

B. Holmes and D. Hutchings, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 43 (2006).

Ip, E.

Jessop, P.

Jones, T.

Kahn, J.

Khalique, U.

U. Khalique, Y. Zhu, J. van der Tol, L. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, F. Groen, P. van Veldhoven, M. Smit, M. van de Moosdijk, W. de Laat, and K. Simon, in Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (OSA, 2009), pp. 11–13.

Kim, S.

Koch, T.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. Miller, and M. Young, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Koren, U.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. Miller, and M. Young, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kotlyar, M.

Krauss, T.

Kunkel, R.

R. Kunkel, H. Bach, D. Hoffmann, C. Weinert, I. Molina-Fernandez, and R. Halir, in IPRM International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (IEEE, 2009), pp. 167–170.

Lau, A.

Metaal, E.

J. Van der Tol, J. Pedersen, E. Metaal, F. Hakimzadeh, Y. Oei, F. Groen, and I. Moerman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 893 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Midrio, M.

Miller, B.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. Miller, and M. Young, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mizumoto, T.

Moerman, I.

J. Van der Tol, J. Pedersen, E. Metaal, F. Hakimzadeh, Y. Oei, F. Groen, and I. Moerman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 893 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Molina-Fernandez, I.

R. Kunkel, H. Bach, D. Hoffmann, C. Weinert, I. Molina-Fernandez, and R. Halir, in IPRM International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (IEEE, 2009), pp. 167–170.

O’Faolain, L.

Oei, Y.

J. Van der Tol, J. Pedersen, E. Metaal, F. Hakimzadeh, Y. Oei, F. Groen, and I. Moerman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 893 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Oron, M.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. Miller, and M. Young, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pedersen, J.

J. Van der Tol, J. Pedersen, E. Metaal, F. Hakimzadeh, Y. Oei, F. Groen, and I. Moerman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 893 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shani, Y.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. Miller, and M. Young, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shoji, Y.

Simon, K.

U. Khalique, Y. Zhu, J. van der Tol, L. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, F. Groen, P. van Veldhoven, M. Smit, M. van de Moosdijk, W. de Laat, and K. Simon, in Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (OSA, 2009), pp. 11–13.

Smit, M.

U. Khalique, Y. Zhu, J. van der Tol, L. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, F. Groen, P. van Veldhoven, M. Smit, M. van de Moosdijk, W. de Laat, and K. Simon, in Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (OSA, 2009), pp. 11–13.

Takei, R.

van de Moosdijk, M.

U. Khalique, Y. Zhu, J. van der Tol, L. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, F. Groen, P. van Veldhoven, M. Smit, M. van de Moosdijk, W. de Laat, and K. Simon, in Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (OSA, 2009), pp. 11–13.

Van der Tol, J.

J. Van der Tol, J. Pedersen, E. Metaal, F. Hakimzadeh, Y. Oei, F. Groen, and I. Moerman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 893 (1995).
[CrossRef]

U. Khalique, Y. Zhu, J. van der Tol, L. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, F. Groen, P. van Veldhoven, M. Smit, M. van de Moosdijk, W. de Laat, and K. Simon, in Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (OSA, 2009), pp. 11–13.

van Veldhoven, P.

U. Khalique, Y. Zhu, J. van der Tol, L. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, F. Groen, P. van Veldhoven, M. Smit, M. van de Moosdijk, W. de Laat, and K. Simon, in Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (OSA, 2009), pp. 11–13.

Wang, Z.

Weinert, C.

R. Kunkel, H. Bach, D. Hoffmann, C. Weinert, I. Molina-Fernandez, and R. Halir, in IPRM International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (IEEE, 2009), pp. 167–170.

Yevick, D.

Young, M.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. Miller, and M. Young, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

U. Khalique, Y. Zhu, J. van der Tol, L. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, F. Groen, P. van Veldhoven, M. Smit, M. van de Moosdijk, W. de Laat, and K. Simon, in Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (OSA, 2009), pp. 11–13.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. Miller, and M. Young, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. Van der Tol, J. Pedersen, E. Metaal, F. Hakimzadeh, Y. Oei, F. Groen, and I. Moerman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 893 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. Holmes and D. Hutchings, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 43 (2006).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

R. Kunkel, H. Bach, D. Hoffmann, C. Weinert, I. Molina-Fernandez, and R. Halir, in IPRM International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (IEEE, 2009), pp. 167–170.

U. Khalique, Y. Zhu, J. van der Tol, L. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, F. Groen, P. van Veldhoven, M. Smit, M. van de Moosdijk, W. de Laat, and K. Simon, in Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (OSA, 2009), pp. 11–13.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Transverse geometries of (a) interconnection waveguide, (b) slanted waveguide rotator, (c) two step waveguide rotator.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic top view of the complete device and transverse geometries of the waveguides within it.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Optical axis rotation angle as a function of the widths Xb, Xc. (b) Half-beat length of the waveguide rotator as a function of the widths Xb, Xc. (c) ER as a function of the widths Xb, Xc for Lrotator=805μm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Angle of the fundamental mode (top) and half-beat length (bottom) as a function of the etch depth tg.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

PCE=sin2(2ϕ)sin2(πLrotator2Lπ).
ER=PCE1PCE.

Metrics