Abstract

Waveguides were fabricated in a 5 mm long Pr(0.5at%):LiYF4 (YLF) crystal with a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser system. Waveguiding was achieved inside a core surrounded by eight single modified tracks building a rhombic structure. The waveguide was pumped at a wavelength of 444 nm with an InGaN laser diode. Orange and deep red laser oscillation were realized. Maximum output powers of 25 mW at 604 nm and 12 mW at 720 nm with respect to the incident pump power were achieved.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2012

2011

2010

2009

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

2003

1996

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Beckmann, D.

D. Beckmann, D. Esser, and J. Gottmann, Appl. Phys. B 104, 619 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Benayas, A.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

Burghoff, J.

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. A 77, 109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Calmano, T.

Cantelar, E.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

Chen, F.

Davis, K. M.

De Silvestri, S.

Diening, A.

Du, D.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Esser, D.

D. Beckmann, D. Esser, and J. Gottmann, Appl. Phys. B 104, 619 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fechner, M.

Feit, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gottmann, J.

D. Beckmann, D. Esser, and J. Gottmann, Appl. Phys. B 104, 619 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Guen, T.

Hansen, N.-O.

Hellmig, O.

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 100, 131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Herman, S.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

Hirao, K.

Huber, G.

Jaque, D.

Y. Tan, A. Rodenas, F. Chen, R. R. Thomson, A. K. Kar, D. Jaque, and Q. Lu, Opt. Express 18, 24994 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kar, A. K.

Khrushchev, I.

Korn, G.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Laporta, P.

Liu, X.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Q.

Marangoni, M.

Metz, P.

Mezentsev, V.

Mitchell, J.

Miura, K.

Mourou, G.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. A 77, 109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Okhrimchuk, A. G.

Osellame, R.

Osiac, E.

Paschke, A.-G.

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, F. Reichert, M. Fechner, A.-G. Paschke, N.-O. Hansen, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 36, 4620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 100, 131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, T. Calmano, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Express 18, 16035 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Polli, D.

Rademaker, K.

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ramponi, R.

Reichert, F.

Richter, A.

Rodenas, A.

Y. Tan, A. Rodenas, F. Chen, R. R. Thomson, A. K. Kar, D. Jaque, and Q. Lu, Opt. Express 18, 24994 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Roso, L.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchik, A. M.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Seelert, W.

Shestakov, A. V.

Shore, B. W.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Siebenmorgen, J.

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, F. Reichert, M. Fechner, A.-G. Paschke, N.-O. Hansen, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 36, 4620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 100, 131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, T. Calmano, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Express 18, 16035 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

Taccheo, S.

Tan, Y.

Thomson, R. R.

Torchia, G. A.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. A 77, 109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Will, M.

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. A 77, 109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. A 77, 109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 100, 131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Beckmann, D. Esser, and J. Gottmann, Appl. Phys. B 104, 619 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Polarization-dependent emission spectrum of Pr:YLF with the excitation into the Pj3 -multiplet. The emission in σ -polarization is indicated in red (dashed line), the π -polarization in blue (solid line).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Scheme of the fabricated single tracks, double tracks, and cladding structures. The crystal is oriented so that the c axis is perpendicular to the incident laser radiation and the moving direction.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Microscope image of an eight-track rhombic cladding structure written with an energy of 0.8 μJ and Δx of 4.5 μm and Δy of 8 μm spacing. (b) Near-field pattern of the guided mode in π -polarization.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Schematic setup of the Pr:YLF waveguide laser.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Laser characteristic of the Pr:YLF waveguide laser with emission wavelengths of 604 and 720 nm. The inset shows the guided laser mode at 604 nm.

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