Abstract

We theoretically demonstrate a scheme for tomographic reconstruction of asymmetric molecular orbitals based on high-order harmonic generation with a two-color multicycle laser field. It is shown that by adjusting the relative phase of the two fields, the returning electrons can be forced to recollide from one direction for all the orientations of molecules. Thus, the reconstruction of the asymmetric orbitals can be carried out with multicycle laser field. This releases the stringent requirement of a single-cycle pulse with a stabilized and controllable carrier-envelope phase for the tomographic imaging of asymmetric molecular orbitals.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and P. Salières, J. Phys. B 44, 203001 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Salières, A. Maquet, S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and R. Taïeb, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 062401 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 466, 604 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Haessler, J. Caillat, W. Boutu, C. Giovanetti-Teixeira, T. Ruchon, T. Auguste, Z. Diveki, P. Breger, A. Maquet, B. Carré, R. Taïeb, and P. Salières, Nat. Phys. 6, 200 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, J. P. Marangos, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 183903 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Nat. Phys. 7, 822 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. V. Zwan, C. C. Chirilaˇ, and M. Lein, Phys. Rev. A 78, 033410 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 76, 011402 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, Opt. Express 15, 530 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. V. Zwan and M. Lein, J. Phys. B 41, 074009 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. X. M. Tong, Z. Zhao, and C. D. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 033402 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. J. Frisch, Gaussian 03, Revision C.02, Gaussian Inc., Wallingford, CT (2010).
  15. M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  16. E. Frumker, C. T. Hebeisen, N. Kajumba, J. B. Bertrand, H. J. Wörner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Naumov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 113901 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (3)

P. Salières, A. Maquet, S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and R. Taïeb, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 062401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Frumker, C. T. Hebeisen, N. Kajumba, J. B. Bertrand, H. J. Wörner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Naumov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 113901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and P. Salières, J. Phys. B 44, 203001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Nat. Phys. 7, 822 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 466, 604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Haessler, J. Caillat, W. Boutu, C. Giovanetti-Teixeira, T. Ruchon, T. Auguste, Z. Diveki, P. Breger, A. Maquet, B. Carré, R. Taïeb, and P. Salières, Nat. Phys. 6, 200 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

E. V. Zwan and M. Lein, J. Phys. B 41, 074009 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Zwan, C. C. Chirilaˇ, and M. Lein, Phys. Rev. A 78, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 76, 011402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, Opt. Express 15, 530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, J. P. Marangos, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 183903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

X. M. Tong, Z. Zhao, and C. D. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 033402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Auguste, T.

S. Haessler, J. Caillat, W. Boutu, C. Giovanetti-Teixeira, T. Ruchon, T. Auguste, Z. Diveki, P. Breger, A. Maquet, B. Carré, R. Taïeb, and P. Salières, Nat. Phys. 6, 200 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Balcou, Ph.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bertrand, J. B.

E. Frumker, C. T. Hebeisen, N. Kajumba, J. B. Bertrand, H. J. Wörner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Naumov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 113901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 466, 604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Boutu, W.

S. Haessler, J. Caillat, W. Boutu, C. Giovanetti-Teixeira, T. Ruchon, T. Auguste, Z. Diveki, P. Breger, A. Maquet, B. Carré, R. Taïeb, and P. Salières, Nat. Phys. 6, 200 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Breger, P.

S. Haessler, J. Caillat, W. Boutu, C. Giovanetti-Teixeira, T. Ruchon, T. Auguste, Z. Diveki, P. Breger, A. Maquet, B. Carré, R. Taïeb, and P. Salières, Nat. Phys. 6, 200 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Caillat, J.

P. Salières, A. Maquet, S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and R. Taïeb, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 062401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and P. Salières, J. Phys. B 44, 203001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Haessler, J. Caillat, W. Boutu, C. Giovanetti-Teixeira, T. Ruchon, T. Auguste, Z. Diveki, P. Breger, A. Maquet, B. Carré, R. Taïeb, and P. Salières, Nat. Phys. 6, 200 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Calegari, F.

C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Nat. Phys. 7, 822 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cao, W.

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 76, 011402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, Opt. Express 15, 530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Carré, B.

S. Haessler, J. Caillat, W. Boutu, C. Giovanetti-Teixeira, T. Ruchon, T. Auguste, Z. Diveki, P. Breger, A. Maquet, B. Carré, R. Taïeb, and P. Salières, Nat. Phys. 6, 200 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chirila?, C. C.

E. V. Zwan, C. C. Chirilaˇ, and M. Lein, Phys. Rev. A 78, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

E. Frumker, C. T. Hebeisen, N. Kajumba, J. B. Bertrand, H. J. Wörner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Naumov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 113901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 466, 604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, J. P. Marangos, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 183903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Nat. Phys. 7, 822 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Diveki, Z.

S. Haessler, J. Caillat, W. Boutu, C. Giovanetti-Teixeira, T. Ruchon, T. Auguste, Z. Diveki, P. Breger, A. Maquet, B. Carré, R. Taïeb, and P. Salières, Nat. Phys. 6, 200 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Frisch, M. J.

M. J. Frisch, Gaussian 03, Revision C.02, Gaussian Inc., Wallingford, CT (2010).

Frumker, E.

E. Frumker, C. T. Hebeisen, N. Kajumba, J. B. Bertrand, H. J. Wörner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Naumov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 113901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Giovanetti-Teixeira, C.

S. Haessler, J. Caillat, W. Boutu, C. Giovanetti-Teixeira, T. Ruchon, T. Auguste, Z. Diveki, P. Breger, A. Maquet, B. Carré, R. Taïeb, and P. Salières, Nat. Phys. 6, 200 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Haessler, S.

P. Salières, A. Maquet, S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and R. Taïeb, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 062401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and P. Salières, J. Phys. B 44, 203001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Haessler, J. Caillat, W. Boutu, C. Giovanetti-Teixeira, T. Ruchon, T. Auguste, Z. Diveki, P. Breger, A. Maquet, B. Carré, R. Taïeb, and P. Salières, Nat. Phys. 6, 200 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hebeisen, C. T.

E. Frumker, C. T. Hebeisen, N. Kajumba, J. B. Bertrand, H. J. Wörner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Naumov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 113901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Itatani, J.

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, M. Yu.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kajumba, N.

E. Frumker, C. T. Hebeisen, N. Kajumba, J. B. Bertrand, H. J. Wörner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Naumov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 113901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kartashov, D. V.

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 466, 604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kieffer, J. C.

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L’Huillier, A.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lan, P.

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, Opt. Express 15, 530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 76, 011402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lein, M.

E. V. Zwan, C. C. Chirilaˇ, and M. Lein, Phys. Rev. A 78, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Zwan and M. Lein, J. Phys. B 41, 074009 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Levesque, J.

J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, J. P. Marangos, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 183903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lewenstein, M.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 76, 011402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Q.

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. D.

X. M. Tong, Z. Zhao, and C. D. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 033402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lu, P.

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, Opt. Express 15, 530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 76, 011402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maquet, A.

P. Salières, A. Maquet, S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and R. Taïeb, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 062401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Haessler, J. Caillat, W. Boutu, C. Giovanetti-Teixeira, T. Ruchon, T. Auguste, Z. Diveki, P. Breger, A. Maquet, B. Carré, R. Taïeb, and P. Salières, Nat. Phys. 6, 200 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Marangos, J. P.

J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, J. P. Marangos, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 183903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Naumov, A.

E. Frumker, C. T. Hebeisen, N. Kajumba, J. B. Bertrand, H. J. Wörner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Naumov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 113901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Negro, M.

C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Nat. Phys. 7, 822 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Niikura, H.

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Nat. Phys. 7, 822 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pépin, H.

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ruchon, T.

S. Haessler, J. Caillat, W. Boutu, C. Giovanetti-Teixeira, T. Ruchon, T. Auguste, Z. Diveki, P. Breger, A. Maquet, B. Carré, R. Taïeb, and P. Salières, Nat. Phys. 6, 200 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Salières, P.

P. Salières, A. Maquet, S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and R. Taïeb, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 062401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and P. Salières, J. Phys. B 44, 203001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Haessler, J. Caillat, W. Boutu, C. Giovanetti-Teixeira, T. Ruchon, T. Auguste, Z. Diveki, P. Breger, A. Maquet, B. Carré, R. Taïeb, and P. Salières, Nat. Phys. 6, 200 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Nat. Phys. 7, 822 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Spanner, M.

E. Frumker, C. T. Hebeisen, N. Kajumba, J. B. Bertrand, H. J. Wörner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Naumov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 113901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Nat. Phys. 7, 822 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Taïeb, R.

P. Salières, A. Maquet, S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and R. Taïeb, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 062401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Haessler, J. Caillat, W. Boutu, C. Giovanetti-Teixeira, T. Ruchon, T. Auguste, Z. Diveki, P. Breger, A. Maquet, B. Carré, R. Taïeb, and P. Salières, Nat. Phys. 6, 200 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tong, X. M.

X. M. Tong, Z. Zhao, and C. D. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 033402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, D. M.

E. Frumker, C. T. Hebeisen, N. Kajumba, J. B. Bertrand, H. J. Wörner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Naumov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 113901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 466, 604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, J. P. Marangos, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 183903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vozzi, C.

C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Nat. Phys. 7, 822 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 76, 011402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, Opt. Express 15, 530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wörner, H. J.

E. Frumker, C. T. Hebeisen, N. Kajumba, J. B. Bertrand, H. J. Wörner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Naumov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 113901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 466, 604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, G.

Zeidler, D.

J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, J. P. Marangos, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 183903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Z.

X. M. Tong, Z. Zhao, and C. D. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 033402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zwan, E. V.

E. V. Zwan and M. Lein, J. Phys. B 41, 074009 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Zwan, C. C. Chirilaˇ, and M. Lein, Phys. Rev. A 78, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B (2)

S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and P. Salières, J. Phys. B 44, 203001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Zwan and M. Lein, J. Phys. B 41, 074009 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (2)

S. Haessler, J. Caillat, W. Boutu, C. Giovanetti-Teixeira, T. Ruchon, T. Auguste, Z. Diveki, P. Breger, A. Maquet, B. Carré, R. Taïeb, and P. Salières, Nat. Phys. 6, 200 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Nat. Phys. 7, 822 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 466, 604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. A (4)

X. M. Tong, Z. Zhao, and C. D. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 033402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Zwan, C. C. Chirilaˇ, and M. Lein, Phys. Rev. A 78, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 76, 011402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, J. P. Marangos, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 183903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Frumker, C. T. Hebeisen, N. Kajumba, J. B. Bertrand, H. J. Wörner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Naumov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 113901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

P. Salières, A. Maquet, S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and R. Taïeb, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 062401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. J. Frisch, Gaussian 03, Revision C.02, Gaussian Inc., Wallingford, CT (2010).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Ionization rate as a function of the ionization time (blue solid curve) for the two-color field with ϕ=0.0π (panel a) and ϕ=0.9π (panel c). The corresponding electric fields are also depicted by the red-dashed curve. The probability that an electron returns with momentum k for ϕ=0.0π and ϕ=0.9π are presented in panels (b) and (d), respectively.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Normalized two-dimensional projection of the HOMO of CO obtained from the Gaussian 03 ab initio code. The orientation angle is at 0°. (b) Fraction of the electron returning with negative momentum as a function of the relative phase ϕ for three different orientations of CO molecule. The blue, black, and red curves correspond to the orientation angle 0°, 90°, and 180°, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Harmonic spectrum of CO oriented at the angle 0° for the two-color field with ϕ=0.9π. The double arrow indicates the spectral range (harmonics 11–101) sampled for orbital reconstruction. (b) The corresponding time-frequency distribution of HHG.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Normalized real part of the reconstructed orbital of the HOMO of CO using multicycle two-color laser field with ϕ=0.9π. (b) Cuts along the internuclear axis for the ab initio orbital (blue curve), the reconstructed orbital (red curve), and the correspondingly Fourier-filtered ab inito orbital (dashed green curve).

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