Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a seamlessly integrated fiber-wireless system that delivers a 108Gb/s signal through 80 km fiber and 1 m wireless transport over free space at 100 GHz adopting polarization-division-multiplexing quadrature-phase-shift-keying (PDM-QPSK) modulation and heterodyning coherent detection. The X- and Y-polarization components of the optical PDM-QPSK baseband signal are simultaneously upconverted to 100 GHz wireless carrier by optical polarization-diversity heterodyne beating, and then independently transmitted and received by two pairs of transmitter and receiver antennas, which form a 2×2 multiple-input multiple-output wireless link. At the wireless receiver, two-stage downconversion is performed firstly in the analog domain based on balanced mixer and sinusoidal radio frequency signal, and then in the digital domain based on digital signal processing (DSP). Polarization demultiplexing is realized by the constant modulus algorithm in the DSP part at the receiver. The bit-error ratio for the 108Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal is less than the pre-forward-error-correction threshold of 3.8×103 after both 1 m wireless delivery at 100 GHz and 80 km single-mode fiber-28 transmission. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration to realize 100Gb/s signal delivery through both fiber and wireless links at 100 GHz.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 810 (2011).
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    [CrossRef]
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2012

2011

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. Tafur Monroy, Opt. Express 19, 24944 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 810 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2007

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

1997

D. Wake, D. Johansson, and D. G. Moodie, Electron. Lett. 33, 404 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Arlunno, V.

Bakaul, M.

Borkowski, R.

Caballero, A.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. Tafur Monroy, Opt. Express 19, 24944 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 810 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C. H.

Chen, H. W.

Chen, J.

Chi, N.

J. Yu, Z. Dong, H. C. Chien, Y. Shao, and N. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 264 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chien, H. C.

J. Yu, Z. Dong, H. C. Chien, Y. Shao, and N. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 264 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Deng, L.

Dogadaev, A.

Dong, Z.

J. Yu, Z. Dong, H. C. Chien, Y. Shao, and N. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 264 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gamage, P.

Herrera, J.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 810 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ho, C. H.

Hosako, I.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC’11) (Optical Society of America, 2011), pp. 1–30.

Inagaki, K.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC’11) (Optical Society of America, 2011), pp. 1–30.

Jensen, J. B.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 810 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, W. J.

Johansson, D.

D. Wake, D. Johansson, and D. G. Moodie, Electron. Lett. 33, 404 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kanno, A.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC’11) (Optical Society of America, 2011), pp. 1–30.

Karinou, F.

Kawanishi, T.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC’11) (Optical Society of America, 2011), pp. 1–30.

Ki-tayama, K. I.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC’11) (Optical Society of America, 2011), pp. 1–30.

Kuri, T.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC’11) (Optical Society of America, 2011), pp. 1–30.

Lee, K. L.

Lee, W.

Lim, C.

Lin, C.

Lu, H. H.

Lu, T. H.

Marti, J.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 810 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Moodie, D. G.

D. Wake, D. Johansson, and D. G. Moodie, Electron. Lett. 33, 404 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Morohashi, I.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC’11) (Optical Society of America, 2011), pp. 1–30.

Ng’oma, A.

Nirmalathas, A.

Novak, D.

Pang, X.

Pedersen, J. S.

Peng, P. C.

Roubeau, F.

Sakamoto, T.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC’11) (Optical Society of America, 2011), pp. 1–30.

Sambaraju, R.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 810 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Y.

J. Yu, Z. Dong, H. C. Chien, Y. Shao, and N. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 264 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shih, C. L.

Tafur Monroy, I.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. Tafur Monroy, Opt. Express 19, 24944 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 810 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wake, D.

D. Wake, D. Johansson, and D. G. Moodie, Electron. Lett. 33, 404 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Walber, A.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 810 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. Y.

Waterhouse, R.

Wei, C. C.

Westergren, U.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 810 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

Yoshida, Y.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC’11) (Optical Society of America, 2011), pp. 1–30.

Yu, J.

J. Yu, Z. Dong, H. C. Chien, Y. Shao, and N. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 264 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

Zibar, D.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. Tafur Monroy, Opt. Express 19, 24944 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 810 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

D. Wake, D. Johansson, and D. G. Moodie, Electron. Lett. 33, 404 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Yu, Z. Dong, H. C. Chien, Y. Shao, and N. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 264 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nat. Photonics

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Photon. Technol. Lett.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 810 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC’11) (Optical Society of America, 2011), pp. 1–30.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup. (a) X-polarization optical spectrum (0.01 nm resolution) after polarization-diversity splitting and (b) electrical spectrum after first-stage downconversion.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Detailed DSP and (b) received constellations.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Photos of 100 GHz wireless transmitter/receiver end.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

BTB BER versus bit rate.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) BTB BER versus OSNR and (b) BER versus input power.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) BER versus transmission fiber length at different wireless distance and (b) BER versus wireless distance.

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