Abstract

A technique for the frequency multiplication of microwave signals based on the combination of two optical nonlinear phenomena in a single nonlinear fiber is investigated. Multiple four-wave mixing is used to generate harmonics on an externally modulated optical carrier while polarization pulling through stimulated Brillouin scattering is used to filter the desired harmonics. Microwave signals in the 60 GHz region are generated showing harmonic frequency multiplication factors of up to 25 with a suppression of undesired harmonics better than 20 dB.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Kawanishi, S. Oikawa, K. Yoshiara, T. Sakamoto, S. Shinada, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 669 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. B. Vidal, P. G. Huggard, B. N. Ellison, and N. J. Gomes, IEEE Electron. Lett. 46, 1449 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Wiberg, P. Pérez-Millán, M. V. Andrés, and P. O. Hedekvist, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 329 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. Li and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 954 (2010).
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    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Cerqueira, J. M. Chavez Boggio, A. A. Rieznik, H. E. Hernández-Figueroa, H. L. Fragnito, and J. C. Knight, Opt. Express 16, 2816 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Thévenaz, A. Zadok, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, in Optical Fiber Communications, OSA Technical Digest CD (Optical Society of America, 2008) paper OML7.
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    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506(2002).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

W. Li and J. P. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3259 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Vidal, P. G. Huggard, B. N. Ellison, and N. J. Gomes, IEEE Electron. Lett. 46, 1449 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Li and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 954 (2010).

2008 (1)

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

T. Kawanishi, S. Oikawa, K. Yoshiara, T. Sakamoto, S. Shinada, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 669 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506(2002).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

Andrekson, P. A.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506(2002).
[CrossRef]

Andrés, M. V.

Cerqueira, A.

Chavez Boggio, J. M.

Ellison, B. N.

B. Vidal, P. G. Huggard, B. N. Ellison, and N. J. Gomes, IEEE Electron. Lett. 46, 1449 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eyal, A.

L. Thévenaz, A. Zadok, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, in Optical Fiber Communications, OSA Technical Digest CD (Optical Society of America, 2008) paper OML7.

Fragnito, H. L.

Gomes, N. J.

B. Vidal, P. G. Huggard, B. N. Ellison, and N. J. Gomes, IEEE Electron. Lett. 46, 1449 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hansryd, J.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506(2002).
[CrossRef]

Hedekvist, P. O.

A. Wiberg, P. Pérez-Millán, M. V. Andrés, and P. O. Hedekvist, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 329 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506(2002).
[CrossRef]

Hernández-Figueroa, H. E.

Huggard, P. G.

B. Vidal, P. G. Huggard, B. N. Ellison, and N. J. Gomes, IEEE Electron. Lett. 46, 1449 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Izutsu, M.

T. Kawanishi, S. Oikawa, K. Yoshiara, T. Sakamoto, S. Shinada, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 669 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, T.

T. Kawanishi, S. Oikawa, K. Yoshiara, T. Sakamoto, S. Shinada, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 669 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Li, J.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506(2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, W.

W. Li and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 954 (2010).

W. Li and J. P. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3259 (2010).
[CrossRef]

McKinstrie, C. J.

Oikawa, S.

T. Kawanishi, S. Oikawa, K. Yoshiara, T. Sakamoto, S. Shinada, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 669 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pérez-Millán, P.

Raymer, M. G.

Rideout, H.

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rieznik, A. A.

Sakamoto, T.

T. Kawanishi, S. Oikawa, K. Yoshiara, T. Sakamoto, S. Shinada, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 669 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shinada, S.

T. Kawanishi, S. Oikawa, K. Yoshiara, T. Sakamoto, S. Shinada, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 669 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thévenaz, L.

L. Thévenaz, A. Zadok, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, in Optical Fiber Communications, OSA Technical Digest CD (Optical Society of America, 2008) paper OML7.

Tur, M.

A. Wide, M. Tur, and A. Zadok, Opt. Express 19, 21945 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Thévenaz, A. Zadok, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, in Optical Fiber Communications, OSA Technical Digest CD (Optical Society of America, 2008) paper OML7.

Vidal, B.

B. Vidal, P. G. Huggard, B. N. Ellison, and N. J. Gomes, IEEE Electron. Lett. 46, 1449 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Westlund, M.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506(2002).
[CrossRef]

Wiberg, A.

Wide, A.

Yao, J.

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J. P.

W. Li and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 954 (2010).

W. Li and J. P. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3259 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yoshiara, K.

T. Kawanishi, S. Oikawa, K. Yoshiara, T. Sakamoto, S. Shinada, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 669 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zadok, A.

A. Wide, M. Tur, and A. Zadok, Opt. Express 19, 21945 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Thévenaz, A. Zadok, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, in Optical Fiber Communications, OSA Technical Digest CD (Optical Society of America, 2008) paper OML7.

Zeng, F.

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Electron. Lett. (1)

B. Vidal, P. G. Huggard, B. N. Ellison, and N. J. Gomes, IEEE Electron. Lett. 46, 1449 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506(2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

W. Li and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 954 (2010).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Kawanishi, S. Oikawa, K. Yoshiara, T. Sakamoto, S. Shinada, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 669 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

W. Li and J. P. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3259 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (3)

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

L. Thévenaz, A. Zadok, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, in Optical Fiber Communications, OSA Technical Digest CD (Optical Society of America, 2008) paper OML7.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for the photonic microwave harmonic mixer based on FWM and SBS polarization pulling. ISO, optical isolator; LPF, microwave lowpass filter; POL, optical polarizer; ESA, electrical spectrum analyzer; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical spectra at the output of the HNLF for 0.01 W (solid) and 0.5 W (dashed).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical spectrum measured after the optical polarizer, showing narrowband filtering of the ±6th sidebands through polarization pulling and a polarizer.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Microwave spectrum generated from the heterodyning of two cascaded FWM-generated sidebands filtered through polarization pulling with an input microwave signal of 5.5 GHz and a multiplication factor of 12.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured microwave spectrum for an input microwave signal of 2.7 GHz and a multiplication factor of (a) 24 and (b) 25.

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