Abstract

We report the numerical study of a selective thermal emitter based on a metallic multilayered structure consisting of a graded antireflection top layer, a middle layer with uniform porosity (i.e., volume fraction of voids), and a nonporous substrate layer. Simulation results show that the proposed emitters feature an emission edge in near-IR where the emissivity drops from over 0.9 to below 0.1, for both the TE and TM polarizations. Moreover, these desired emission characteristics persist for a wide range of emission angles with the emission edge nearly nonshifted, making the proposed emitters promising for achieving isotropic thermal emission. The designed emitters are particularly attractive for the thermal-photovoltaic applications by suppressing emission below the photovoltaic material bandgap, which is normally in near-IR.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2009

C. M. Wang, Y. C. Chang, M. N. Abbas, M. H. Shih, and D. P. Tsai, Opt. Express 17, 13526 (2009).
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E. Rephaeli and S. H. Fan, Opt. Express 17, 15145(2009).
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N. P. Sergeant, O. Pincon, M. Agrawal, and P. Peumans, Opt. Express 17, 22800 (2009).
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J. T. K. Wan, Opt. Commun. 282, 1671 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Wang, B. J. Lee, X. J. Wang, and Z. M. Zhang, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 52, 3024 (2009).
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M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 79, 033101 (2009).
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Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. B 79, 045131 (2009).
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J. H. Lee, W. Leung, T. G. Kim, K. Constant, and K. M. Ho, Opt. Express 16, 8742 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

2005

2004

H. Sai and H. Yugami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3399 (2004).
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Agrawal, M.

Alexander, R. W.

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Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. B 79, 045131 (2009).
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Bardou, N.

Battula, A.

A. Battula and S. C. Chen, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245407 (2006).
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Bell, R. R.

Bell, S. E.

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J. Drevillon, K. Joulain, P. Ben-Abdallah, and E. Nefzaoui, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 034315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Carminati, R.

M. Laroche, C. Arnold, F. Marquier, R. Carminati, J. J. Greffet, S. Collin, N. Bardou, and J. L. Pelouard, Opt. Lett. 30, 2623 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. P. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
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Celanovic, I.

I. Celanovic, N. Jovanovic, and J. Kassakian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 193101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Celanovic, D. Perreault, and J. Kassakian, Phys. Rev. B 72, 075127 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chan, D. L. C.

D. L. C. Chan, M. Soljacic, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. E 74, 016609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. L. C. Chan, M. Soljacic, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Opt. Express 14, 8785 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y. C.

Chen, S. C.

A. Battula and S. C. Chen, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S. Q.

S. Q. Chen, H. Cheng, H. F. Yang, J. J. Li, X. Y. Duan, C. Z. Gu, and J. G. Tian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 253104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. P. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
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Cheng, H.

S. Q. Chen, H. Cheng, H. F. Yang, J. J. Li, X. Y. Duan, C. Z. Gu, and J. G. Tian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 253104 (2011).
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Constant, K.

Diem, M.

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 79, 033101 (2009).
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Diso, D.

A. Licciulli, D. Diso, G. Torsello, S. Tundo, A. Maffezzoli, M. Lomascolo, and M. Mazzer, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 18, S174 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Drevillon, J.

E. Nefzaoui, J. Drevillon, and K. Joulain, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 084316 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Drevillon, K. Joulain, P. Ben-Abdallah, and E. Nefzaoui, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 034315 (2011).
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Duan, X. Y.

S. Q. Chen, H. Cheng, H. F. Yang, J. J. Li, X. Y. Duan, C. Z. Gu, and J. G. Tian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 253104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

E. Rephaeli and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 211107 (2008).
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Fan, S. H.

Feng, Q.

Feng, T.

Y. Zhou, T. Feng, Z. Liang, J. Li, and D. Liu, Europhys. Lett. 96, 24005 (2011).
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Fleming, J. G.

S. Y. Lin, J. Moreno, and J. G. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 380 (2003).
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Giessen, H.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
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Greffet, J. J.

M. Laroche, C. Arnold, F. Marquier, R. Carminati, J. J. Greffet, S. Collin, N. Bardou, and J. L. Pelouard, Opt. Lett. 30, 2623 (2005).
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J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. P. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
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Gu, C. Z.

S. Q. Chen, H. Cheng, H. F. Yang, J. J. Li, X. Y. Duan, C. Z. Gu, and J. G. Tian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 253104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Han, S. E.

Harder, N. P.

N. P. Harder and P. Wurfel, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 18, S151 (2003).
[CrossRef]

He, S. L.

Hentschel, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ho, K. M.

Howell, J.

R. Siegel and J. Howell, Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer (Hemisphere Publishing, 1981).

Hu, C. G.

Huang, C.

Jin, Y.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

D. L. C. Chan, M. Soljacic, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Opt. Express 14, 8785 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. L. C. Chan, M. Soljacic, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. E 74, 016609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Joulain, K.

E. Nefzaoui, J. Drevillon, and K. Joulain, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 084316 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Drevillon, K. Joulain, P. Ben-Abdallah, and E. Nefzaoui, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 034315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. P. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jovanovic, N.

I. Celanovic, N. Jovanovic, and J. Kassakian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 193101 (2008).
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Kasagi, N.

D. Kirikae, M. Kobe, Y. Suzuki, and N. Kasagi, in Proceedings of PowerMEMS2008+microEM2008 (2008).

Kassakian, J.

I. Celanovic, N. Jovanovic, and J. Kassakian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 193101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Celanovic, D. Perreault, and J. Kassakian, Phys. Rev. B 72, 075127 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T. G.

Kirikae, D.

D. Kirikae, M. Kobe, Y. Suzuki, and N. Kasagi, in Proceedings of PowerMEMS2008+microEM2008 (2008).

Kobe, M.

D. Kirikae, M. Kobe, Y. Suzuki, and N. Kasagi, in Proceedings of PowerMEMS2008+microEM2008 (2008).

Koschny, T.

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 79, 033101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laroche, M.

Lee, B. J.

L. P. Wang, B. J. Lee, X. J. Wang, and Z. M. Zhang, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 52, 3024 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

Leung, W.

Li, J.

Y. Zhou, T. Feng, Z. Liang, J. Li, and D. Liu, Europhys. Lett. 96, 24005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, J. J.

S. Q. Chen, H. Cheng, H. F. Yang, J. J. Li, X. Y. Duan, C. Z. Gu, and J. G. Tian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 253104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liang, Z.

Y. Zhou, T. Feng, Z. Liang, J. Li, and D. Liu, Europhys. Lett. 96, 24005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Licciulli, A.

A. Licciulli, D. Diso, G. Torsello, S. Tundo, A. Maffezzoli, M. Lomascolo, and M. Mazzer, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 18, S174 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S. Y.

S. Y. Lin, J. Moreno, and J. G. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 380 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D.

Y. Zhou, T. Feng, Z. Liang, J. Li, and D. Liu, Europhys. Lett. 96, 24005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lomascolo, M.

A. Licciulli, D. Diso, G. Torsello, S. Tundo, A. Maffezzoli, M. Lomascolo, and M. Mazzer, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 18, S174 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Long, L. L.

Luo, X. G.

Maffezzoli, A.

A. Licciulli, D. Diso, G. Torsello, S. Tundo, A. Maffezzoli, M. Lomascolo, and M. Mazzer, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 18, S174 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mainguy, S. P.

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. P. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Marquier, F.

Mazzer, M.

A. Licciulli, D. Diso, G. Torsello, S. Tundo, A. Maffezzoli, M. Lomascolo, and M. Mazzer, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 18, S174 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Moreno, J.

S. Y. Lin, J. Moreno, and J. G. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 380 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mulet, J. P.

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. P. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nefzaoui, E.

E. Nefzaoui, J. Drevillon, and K. Joulain, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 084316 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Drevillon, K. Joulain, P. Ben-Abdallah, and E. Nefzaoui, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 034315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Norris, D. J.

Ordal, M. A.

Padilla, W. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pelouard, J. L.

Perreault, D.

I. Celanovic, D. Perreault, and J. Kassakian, Phys. Rev. B 72, 075127 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peumans, P.

Pincon, O.

Pu, M. B.

Rephaeli, E.

E. Rephaeli and S. H. Fan, Opt. Express 17, 15145(2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Rephaeli and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 211107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sai, H.

H. Sai and H. Yugami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3399 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sergeant, N. P.

Shih, M. H.

Shvets, G.

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. B 79, 045131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, R.

R. Siegel and J. Howell, Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer (Hemisphere Publishing, 1981).

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Soljacic, M.

D. L. C. Chan, M. Soljacic, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. E 74, 016609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. L. C. Chan, M. Soljacic, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Opt. Express 14, 8785 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 79, 033101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, Y.

D. Kirikae, M. Kobe, Y. Suzuki, and N. Kasagi, in Proceedings of PowerMEMS2008+microEM2008 (2008).

Tian, J. G.

S. Q. Chen, H. Cheng, H. F. Yang, J. J. Li, X. Y. Duan, C. Z. Gu, and J. G. Tian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 253104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Torsello, G.

A. Licciulli, D. Diso, G. Torsello, S. Tundo, A. Maffezzoli, M. Lomascolo, and M. Mazzer, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 18, S174 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, D. P.

Tundo, S.

A. Licciulli, D. Diso, G. Torsello, S. Tundo, A. Maffezzoli, M. Lomascolo, and M. Mazzer, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 18, S174 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Urzhumov, Y. A.

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. B 79, 045131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wan, J. T. K.

J. T. K. Wan, Opt. Commun. 282, 1671 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. M.

Wang, L. P.

L. P. Wang, B. J. Lee, X. J. Wang, and Z. M. Zhang, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 52, 3024 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M.

Wang, X. J.

L. P. Wang, B. J. Lee, X. J. Wang, and Z. M. Zhang, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 52, 3024 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ward, C. A.

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wurfel, P.

N. P. Harder and P. Wurfel, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 18, S151 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H. F.

S. Q. Chen, H. Cheng, H. F. Yang, J. J. Li, X. Y. Duan, C. Z. Gu, and J. G. Tian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 253104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Y. Q.

Yugami, H.

H. Sai and H. Yugami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3399 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. M.

L. P. Wang, B. J. Lee, X. J. Wang, and Z. M. Zhang, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 52, 3024 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Z. Y.

Zhou, Y.

Y. Zhou, T. Feng, Z. Liang, J. Li, and D. Liu, Europhys. Lett. 96, 24005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. Q. Chen, H. Cheng, H. F. Yang, J. J. Li, X. Y. Duan, C. Z. Gu, and J. G. Tian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 253104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Rephaeli and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 211107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Sai and H. Yugami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3399 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Lin, J. Moreno, and J. G. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 380 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Celanovic, N. Jovanovic, and J. Kassakian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 193101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett.

Y. Zhou, T. Feng, Z. Liang, J. Li, and D. Liu, Europhys. Lett. 96, 24005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

L. P. Wang, B. J. Lee, X. J. Wang, and Z. M. Zhang, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 52, 3024 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

J. Drevillon, K. Joulain, P. Ben-Abdallah, and E. Nefzaoui, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 034315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Nefzaoui, J. Drevillon, and K. Joulain, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 084316 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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