Abstract

The potential for room-temperature lasing in densely doped organic crystals has been examined using (fluorene)0.8(anthracene)0.2 thin crystals fabricated in a narrow gap between two quartz plates. An excitation-intensity dependence study confirms that the system shows spectral line narrowing, a super linear increase of the narrow line above threshold excitation intensity, and laser cavity modes. These results indicate that lasing has been observed in the densely doped organic crystal, which contains in-plane cavities with a length of approximately 100 μm.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Pope and C. Swenberg, Electronic Processes in Organic Crystals and Polymers (Oxford University, 1999).
  2. M. Pope, H. Kallmann, and P. Magnante, J. Chem. Phys. 38, 2042 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. Helfrich and W. G. Schneider, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 229 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Gu, M. Kawabe, K. Masuda, and S. Namba, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 2493 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Karl, Phys. Status Solidi A 13, 651 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  6. O. S. Avanesjan, V. A. Benderskii, V. Kh. Brikenstein, V. L. Broude, L. I. Korshunov, A. G. Lavrushko, and I. I. Tartakovskii, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 29, 165 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Benderskii, V. Kh. Brikenstein, V. L. Broude, L. I. Korshunov, A. G. Lavrushko, and I. I. Tartakovskii, Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 43 (1975).
  8. V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, P. E. Burrows, and S. R. Forrest, Nature 389, 362 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Hibino, M. Nagawa, S. Hotta, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, Adv. Mater. 14, 119 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Aoki-Matsumoto, A. Takama, K. Mizuno, T. Hirai, and M. Matsumura, Phys. Status Solidi C 6, 228 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Aoki-Matsumoto, A. Takama, and K. Mizuno, J. Lumin. 129, 1531 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Mizuno, T. Aoki-Matsumoto, M. Ichida, H. Ando, T. Hirai, and K. Mizuno, Phys. Status Solidi C 8, 128 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

H. Mizuno, T. Aoki-Matsumoto, M. Ichida, H. Ando, T. Hirai, and K. Mizuno, Phys. Status Solidi C 8, 128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

T. Aoki-Matsumoto, A. Takama, K. Mizuno, T. Hirai, and M. Matsumura, Phys. Status Solidi C 6, 228 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Aoki-Matsumoto, A. Takama, and K. Mizuno, J. Lumin. 129, 1531 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

R. Hibino, M. Nagawa, S. Hotta, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, Adv. Mater. 14, 119 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, P. E. Burrows, and S. R. Forrest, Nature 389, 362 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

J. Gu, M. Kawabe, K. Masuda, and S. Namba, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 2493 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

A. Benderskii, V. Kh. Brikenstein, V. L. Broude, L. I. Korshunov, A. G. Lavrushko, and I. I. Tartakovskii, Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 43 (1975).

1974 (1)

O. S. Avanesjan, V. A. Benderskii, V. Kh. Brikenstein, V. L. Broude, L. I. Korshunov, A. G. Lavrushko, and I. I. Tartakovskii, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 29, 165 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

N. Karl, Phys. Status Solidi A 13, 651 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

W. Helfrich and W. G. Schneider, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 229 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

M. Pope, H. Kallmann, and P. Magnante, J. Chem. Phys. 38, 2042 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Ando, H.

H. Mizuno, T. Aoki-Matsumoto, M. Ichida, H. Ando, T. Hirai, and K. Mizuno, Phys. Status Solidi C 8, 128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Aoki-Matsumoto, T.

H. Mizuno, T. Aoki-Matsumoto, M. Ichida, H. Ando, T. Hirai, and K. Mizuno, Phys. Status Solidi C 8, 128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Aoki-Matsumoto, A. Takama, K. Mizuno, T. Hirai, and M. Matsumura, Phys. Status Solidi C 6, 228 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Aoki-Matsumoto, A. Takama, and K. Mizuno, J. Lumin. 129, 1531 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Avanesjan, O. S.

O. S. Avanesjan, V. A. Benderskii, V. Kh. Brikenstein, V. L. Broude, L. I. Korshunov, A. G. Lavrushko, and I. I. Tartakovskii, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 29, 165 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Benderskii, A.

A. Benderskii, V. Kh. Brikenstein, V. L. Broude, L. I. Korshunov, A. G. Lavrushko, and I. I. Tartakovskii, Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 43 (1975).

Benderskii, V. A.

O. S. Avanesjan, V. A. Benderskii, V. Kh. Brikenstein, V. L. Broude, L. I. Korshunov, A. G. Lavrushko, and I. I. Tartakovskii, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 29, 165 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Brikenstein, V. Kh.

A. Benderskii, V. Kh. Brikenstein, V. L. Broude, L. I. Korshunov, A. G. Lavrushko, and I. I. Tartakovskii, Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 43 (1975).

O. S. Avanesjan, V. A. Benderskii, V. Kh. Brikenstein, V. L. Broude, L. I. Korshunov, A. G. Lavrushko, and I. I. Tartakovskii, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 29, 165 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Broude, V. L.

A. Benderskii, V. Kh. Brikenstein, V. L. Broude, L. I. Korshunov, A. G. Lavrushko, and I. I. Tartakovskii, Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 43 (1975).

O. S. Avanesjan, V. A. Benderskii, V. Kh. Brikenstein, V. L. Broude, L. I. Korshunov, A. G. Lavrushko, and I. I. Tartakovskii, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 29, 165 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Bulovic, V.

V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, P. E. Burrows, and S. R. Forrest, Nature 389, 362 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Burrows, P. E.

V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, P. E. Burrows, and S. R. Forrest, Nature 389, 362 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Forrest, S. R.

V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, P. E. Burrows, and S. R. Forrest, Nature 389, 362 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gu, J.

J. Gu, M. Kawabe, K. Masuda, and S. Namba, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 2493 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Helfrich, W.

W. Helfrich and W. G. Schneider, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 229 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Hibino, R.

R. Hibino, M. Nagawa, S. Hotta, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, Adv. Mater. 14, 119 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hirai, T.

H. Mizuno, T. Aoki-Matsumoto, M. Ichida, H. Ando, T. Hirai, and K. Mizuno, Phys. Status Solidi C 8, 128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Aoki-Matsumoto, A. Takama, K. Mizuno, T. Hirai, and M. Matsumura, Phys. Status Solidi C 6, 228 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hotta, S.

R. Hibino, M. Nagawa, S. Hotta, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, Adv. Mater. 14, 119 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ichida, M.

H. Mizuno, T. Aoki-Matsumoto, M. Ichida, H. Ando, T. Hirai, and K. Mizuno, Phys. Status Solidi C 8, 128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ichikawa, M.

R. Hibino, M. Nagawa, S. Hotta, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, Adv. Mater. 14, 119 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kallmann, H.

M. Pope, H. Kallmann, and P. Magnante, J. Chem. Phys. 38, 2042 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Karl, N.

N. Karl, Phys. Status Solidi A 13, 651 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kawabe, M.

J. Gu, M. Kawabe, K. Masuda, and S. Namba, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 2493 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Korshunov, L. I.

A. Benderskii, V. Kh. Brikenstein, V. L. Broude, L. I. Korshunov, A. G. Lavrushko, and I. I. Tartakovskii, Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 43 (1975).

O. S. Avanesjan, V. A. Benderskii, V. Kh. Brikenstein, V. L. Broude, L. I. Korshunov, A. G. Lavrushko, and I. I. Tartakovskii, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 29, 165 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, T.

R. Hibino, M. Nagawa, S. Hotta, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, Adv. Mater. 14, 119 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kozlov, V. G.

V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, P. E. Burrows, and S. R. Forrest, Nature 389, 362 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lavrushko, A. G.

A. Benderskii, V. Kh. Brikenstein, V. L. Broude, L. I. Korshunov, A. G. Lavrushko, and I. I. Tartakovskii, Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 43 (1975).

O. S. Avanesjan, V. A. Benderskii, V. Kh. Brikenstein, V. L. Broude, L. I. Korshunov, A. G. Lavrushko, and I. I. Tartakovskii, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 29, 165 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Magnante, P.

M. Pope, H. Kallmann, and P. Magnante, J. Chem. Phys. 38, 2042 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Masuda, K.

J. Gu, M. Kawabe, K. Masuda, and S. Namba, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 2493 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Matsumura, M.

T. Aoki-Matsumoto, A. Takama, K. Mizuno, T. Hirai, and M. Matsumura, Phys. Status Solidi C 6, 228 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mizuno, H.

H. Mizuno, T. Aoki-Matsumoto, M. Ichida, H. Ando, T. Hirai, and K. Mizuno, Phys. Status Solidi C 8, 128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mizuno, K.

H. Mizuno, T. Aoki-Matsumoto, M. Ichida, H. Ando, T. Hirai, and K. Mizuno, Phys. Status Solidi C 8, 128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Aoki-Matsumoto, A. Takama, K. Mizuno, T. Hirai, and M. Matsumura, Phys. Status Solidi C 6, 228 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Aoki-Matsumoto, A. Takama, and K. Mizuno, J. Lumin. 129, 1531 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nagawa, M.

R. Hibino, M. Nagawa, S. Hotta, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, Adv. Mater. 14, 119 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Namba, S.

J. Gu, M. Kawabe, K. Masuda, and S. Namba, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 2493 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Pope, M.

M. Pope, H. Kallmann, and P. Magnante, J. Chem. Phys. 38, 2042 (1963).
[CrossRef]

M. Pope and C. Swenberg, Electronic Processes in Organic Crystals and Polymers (Oxford University, 1999).

Schneider, W. G.

W. Helfrich and W. G. Schneider, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 229 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Swenberg, C.

M. Pope and C. Swenberg, Electronic Processes in Organic Crystals and Polymers (Oxford University, 1999).

Takama, A.

T. Aoki-Matsumoto, A. Takama, K. Mizuno, T. Hirai, and M. Matsumura, Phys. Status Solidi C 6, 228 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Aoki-Matsumoto, A. Takama, and K. Mizuno, J. Lumin. 129, 1531 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Taniguchi, Y.

R. Hibino, M. Nagawa, S. Hotta, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, Adv. Mater. 14, 119 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tartakovskii, I. I.

A. Benderskii, V. Kh. Brikenstein, V. L. Broude, L. I. Korshunov, A. G. Lavrushko, and I. I. Tartakovskii, Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 43 (1975).

O. S. Avanesjan, V. A. Benderskii, V. Kh. Brikenstein, V. L. Broude, L. I. Korshunov, A. G. Lavrushko, and I. I. Tartakovskii, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 29, 165 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

R. Hibino, M. Nagawa, S. Hotta, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, Adv. Mater. 14, 119 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Gu, M. Kawabe, K. Masuda, and S. Namba, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 2493 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

M. Pope, H. Kallmann, and P. Magnante, J. Chem. Phys. 38, 2042 (1963).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

T. Aoki-Matsumoto, A. Takama, and K. Mizuno, J. Lumin. 129, 1531 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

O. S. Avanesjan, V. A. Benderskii, V. Kh. Brikenstein, V. L. Broude, L. I. Korshunov, A. G. Lavrushko, and I. I. Tartakovskii, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 29, 165 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, P. E. Burrows, and S. R. Forrest, Nature 389, 362 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spectrosc. (1)

A. Benderskii, V. Kh. Brikenstein, V. L. Broude, L. I. Korshunov, A. G. Lavrushko, and I. I. Tartakovskii, Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 43 (1975).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

W. Helfrich and W. G. Schneider, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 229 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi A (1)

N. Karl, Phys. Status Solidi A 13, 651 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi C (2)

H. Mizuno, T. Aoki-Matsumoto, M. Ichida, H. Ando, T. Hirai, and K. Mizuno, Phys. Status Solidi C 8, 128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Aoki-Matsumoto, A. Takama, K. Mizuno, T. Hirai, and M. Matsumura, Phys. Status Solidi C 6, 228 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. Pope and C. Swenberg, Electronic Processes in Organic Crystals and Polymers (Oxford University, 1999).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Luminescecne (black curve) and absorption (gray curve) spectra of (fluorene)0.8(anthracene)0.2 thin crystals at 10 K, with configurational coordinate diagram to show absorption and emission processes of the system. A gray horizontal arrow between two vertical broken lines on the spectra indicates Stokes-shift energy.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Excitation intensity dependence of the luminescence spectra of (fluorene)0.8(anthracene)0.2 thin crystals at room temperature. Zero levels for spectra (b)–(f) are represented by short horizontal curves on the right side of the figure. The insert represents the spectra (d)–(f) with an enlarged horizontal scale.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Excitation intensity dependence of integrated luminescence intensity. Integrated energy ranges for IA and IB are denoted by A and B in Fig. 2, respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Luminescence spectrum (a) and image (b) under the excitation intensity of 190nJ/pulse.

Metrics