Abstract

We have developed a cost-effective, high-capacity Er-doped fiber amplifier based on the high-power white LED and a large-core Er-doped fiber. Er ions of the fiber with absorption bands at 453, 488, 523, and 654 nm were simultaneously excited by LED pumping and amplification with optical gain over 12 dB at 1550 nm was obtained.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1345 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999).
  3. M. Horiguchi, K. Yoshino, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, and H. Hanafusa, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 810 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. A. Millar, M. C. Brierley, and P. W. France, in Fourteenth European Conference on Optical Communication (1988), paper 292.
  5. E. Desurvire, J. Simpson, and P. Becker, Opt. Lett. 12, 888 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. M. Choy, C. Y. Chen, M. Andrejco, M. Saifi, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 38 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Horiguchi, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, K. Yoshino, and H. Hanafusa, Electron. Lett. 27, 2319 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Moon, B. H. Kim, P. R. Watekar, and W.-T. Han, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 2949 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Polman and F. van Veggel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 871 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. J. Koester and E. Snitzer, Appl. Opt. 3, 1182 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. I. Laming, S. B. Poole, and E. J. Tarbox, Opt. Lett. 13, 1084 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Philips Lumileds, http://www.philipslumileds.com .
  13. Philips Lumileds, “Xitanium LED driver portfolio,” http://www.philips.com/Xitanium .
  14. D. J. Richardson, H. L. Offerhaus, and N. G. R. Broderick, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper MD1.
  15. A. Bellemare, Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 211 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. R. Armitage, Appl. Opt. 27, 4831 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  17. B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, and B. Wakefield, Mater. Lett. 6, 139 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. G. Atkins, J. F. Massicott, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, Electron. Lett. 25, 910(1989).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. Sudo, ed., Optical Fiber Amplifier: Materials, Devices and Applications (Artech, 1997).

2007 (1)

S. Moon, B. H. Kim, P. R. Watekar, and W.-T. Han, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 2949 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

A. Bellemare, Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 211 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. Horiguchi, K. Yoshino, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, and H. Hanafusa, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 810 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1345 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. Horiguchi, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, K. Yoshino, and H. Hanafusa, Electron. Lett. 27, 2319 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. M. Choy, C. Y. Chen, M. Andrejco, M. Saifi, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 38 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

C. G. Atkins, J. F. Massicott, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, Electron. Lett. 25, 910(1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (3)

1987 (1)

1964 (1)

Ainslie, B. J.

C. G. Atkins, J. F. Massicott, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, Electron. Lett. 25, 910(1989).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, and B. Wakefield, Mater. Lett. 6, 139 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Andrejco, M.

M. M. Choy, C. Y. Chen, M. Andrejco, M. Saifi, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 38 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Armitage, J. R.

C. G. Atkins, J. F. Massicott, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, Electron. Lett. 25, 910(1989).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Armitage, Appl. Opt. 27, 4831 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Atkins, C. G.

C. G. Atkins, J. F. Massicott, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, Electron. Lett. 25, 910(1989).
[CrossRef]

Becker, P.

Becker, P. C.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999).

Bellemare, A.

A. Bellemare, Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 211 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brierley, M. C.

C. A. Millar, M. C. Brierley, and P. W. France, in Fourteenth European Conference on Optical Communication (1988), paper 292.

Broderick, N. G. R.

D. J. Richardson, H. L. Offerhaus, and N. G. R. Broderick, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper MD1.

Chen, C. Y.

M. M. Choy, C. Y. Chen, M. Andrejco, M. Saifi, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 38 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Choy, M. M.

M. M. Choy, C. Y. Chen, M. Andrejco, M. Saifi, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 38 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Craig, S. P.

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, and B. Wakefield, Mater. Lett. 6, 139 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Craig-Ryan, S. P.

C. G. Atkins, J. F. Massicott, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, Electron. Lett. 25, 910(1989).
[CrossRef]

Davey, S. T.

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, and B. Wakefield, Mater. Lett. 6, 139 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Desurvire, E.

France, P. W.

C. A. Millar, M. C. Brierley, and P. W. France, in Fourteenth European Conference on Optical Communication (1988), paper 292.

Han, W.-T.

S. Moon, B. H. Kim, P. R. Watekar, and W.-T. Han, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 2949 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hanafusa, H.

M. Horiguchi, K. Yoshino, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, and H. Hanafusa, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 810 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Horiguchi, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, K. Yoshino, and H. Hanafusa, Electron. Lett. 27, 2319 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Horiguchi, M.

M. Horiguchi, K. Yoshino, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, and H. Hanafusa, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 810 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Horiguchi, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, K. Yoshino, and H. Hanafusa, Electron. Lett. 27, 2319 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. H.

S. Moon, B. H. Kim, P. R. Watekar, and W.-T. Han, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 2949 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koester, C. J.

Laming, R. I.

R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1345 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Laming, S. B. Poole, and E. J. Tarbox, Opt. Lett. 13, 1084 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

M. M. Choy, C. Y. Chen, M. Andrejco, M. Saifi, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 38 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Massicott, J. F.

C. G. Atkins, J. F. Massicott, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, Electron. Lett. 25, 910(1989).
[CrossRef]

Millar, C. A.

C. A. Millar, M. C. Brierley, and P. W. France, in Fourteenth European Conference on Optical Communication (1988), paper 292.

Moon, S.

S. Moon, B. H. Kim, P. R. Watekar, and W.-T. Han, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 2949 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Offerhaus, H. L.

D. J. Richardson, H. L. Offerhaus, and N. G. R. Broderick, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper MD1.

Olsson, N. A.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999).

Payne, D. N.

R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1345 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

Poole, S. B.

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, H. L. Offerhaus, and N. G. R. Broderick, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper MD1.

Saifi, M.

M. M. Choy, C. Y. Chen, M. Andrejco, M. Saifi, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 38 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, M.

M. Horiguchi, K. Yoshino, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, and H. Hanafusa, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 810 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Horiguchi, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, K. Yoshino, and H. Hanafusa, Electron. Lett. 27, 2319 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, J.

Simpson, J. R.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999).

Snitzer, E.

Tarbox, E. J.

van Veggel, F.

Wakefield, B.

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, and B. Wakefield, Mater. Lett. 6, 139 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Watekar, P. R.

S. Moon, B. H. Kim, P. R. Watekar, and W.-T. Han, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 2949 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, R.

C. G. Atkins, J. F. Massicott, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, Electron. Lett. 25, 910(1989).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

M. Horiguchi, K. Yoshino, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, and H. Hanafusa, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 810 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Horiguchi, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, K. Yoshino, and H. Hanafusa, Electron. Lett. 27, 2319 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, K.

M. Horiguchi, K. Yoshino, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, and H. Hanafusa, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 810 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Horiguchi, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, K. Yoshino, and H. Hanafusa, Electron. Lett. 27, 2319 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zervas, M. N.

R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1345 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Electron. Lett. (2)

C. G. Atkins, J. F. Massicott, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, Electron. Lett. 25, 910(1989).
[CrossRef]

M. Horiguchi, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, K. Yoshino, and H. Hanafusa, Electron. Lett. 27, 2319 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. M. Choy, C. Y. Chen, M. Andrejco, M. Saifi, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 38 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1345 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

M. Horiguchi, K. Yoshino, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, and H. Hanafusa, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 810 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

S. Moon, B. H. Kim, P. R. Watekar, and W.-T. Han, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 2949 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Mater. Lett. (1)

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, and B. Wakefield, Mater. Lett. 6, 139 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Bellemare, Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 211 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

C. A. Millar, M. C. Brierley, and P. W. France, in Fourteenth European Conference on Optical Communication (1988), paper 292.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999).

Philips Lumileds, http://www.philipslumileds.com .

Philips Lumileds, “Xitanium LED driver portfolio,” http://www.philips.com/Xitanium .

D. J. Richardson, H. L. Offerhaus, and N. G. R. Broderick, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper MD1.

S. Sudo, ed., Optical Fiber Amplifier: Materials, Devices and Applications (Artech, 1997).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the optical gain measurement upon LED pumping.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Absorption spectrum of the EDF and the emission spectra of the EDF and the RF by the LED pumping.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Relative spectral power distribution of the white LED and the absorption of EDF in visible wavelength region. (b) Electronic energy levels of Er by a wide range of excitation wavelengths. The up arrows and the dash arrows indicate the pump wavelengths and the nonradiative decays, respectively. Thin-curved, bold-curved, and bold-down arrows represent the input signal, the amplified output signal, and the ASE, respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Optical power at a function of wavelength for various conditions upon pumping with the LED. EDF length used was 1 m.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Optical gain at 1550 nm of the EDF upon pumping with the LED with respect to fiber length. Optimum gain was 12.3 dB at fiber length of 0.4 m.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Wavelength-dependent optical gain of the EDF upon pumping with the LED over the wavelength range of 1510–1585 nm.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Comparison of the Optical Characteristics of the EDFA Pumped with the LED Used and Other Laser Sources

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