Abstract

An up to 44 W, 1 MHz linewidth, 1178 nm CW laser is obtained by Raman amplification of a distributed feedback diode laser in a variably strained polarization-maintaining fiber with a record-high optical efficiency of 52%, pumped by a linearly polarized 1120 nm fiber laser. A polarization extinction ratio of 30 dB is achieved due to the all-polarization-maintaining configuration and the polarization dependence of Raman gain. The strain distribution is designed according to the signal power evolution along the fiber. A 20 times reduction in the effective stimulated Brillouin scattering coefficient is achieved. A 24.3 W 589 nm laser is generated by an external resonant doubling cavity with an optical efficiency of 68.5%. The laser is locked to 589.1591 nm for a laser guide star.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. A. Denman, P. D. Hillman, G. T. Moore, J. M. Telle, J. E. Preston, J. D. Drummond, and R. Q. Fugate, Proc. SPIE 5707, 46 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Chen, A. Shirakawa, X. Fan, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, Opt. Express 20, 21044 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Shirakawa, M. Chen, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optial Society of America, 2010), paper APDP6.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Vergien, I. Dajani, and C. Zeringue, Opt. Express 18, 26214 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Vergien, I. Dajani, and C. Robin, Opt. Lett. 37, 1766 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. N. Yoshizawa and T. Imai, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1518 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. M. Chavez Boggio, J. D. Marconi, and H. L. Fragnito, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3808 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. Zhang and Y. Feng Share preparing a manuscript to be titled “SBS suppression in narrow band Raman fiber amplifier with longitudinally varied strain.”
  17. T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Corning Inc., http://www.corning.com/opticalfiber/library/fiber_mechanical_reliability/calculators.aspx .

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

J. Leng, S. Chen, W. Wu, J. Hou, and X. Xu, Opt. Commun. 284, 2997 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

Y. Feng, L. Taylor, and D. B. Calia, Opt. Express 16, 10927 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Lee, M. Jalali, N. Vanasse, Z. Prezkuta, K. Groff, J. Roush, N. Rogers, E. Andrews, G. Moule, B. Tiemann, A. K. Hankla, S. M. Adkins, and C. d’Orgeville, Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150N (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (1)

Y. Feng, S. Huang, A. Shirakawa, and K. I. Ueda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L722 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

N. Yoshizawa and T. Imai, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1518 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Adkins, S. M.

I. Lee, M. Jalali, N. Vanasse, Z. Prezkuta, K. Groff, J. Roush, N. Rogers, E. Andrews, G. Moule, B. Tiemann, A. K. Hankla, S. M. Adkins, and C. d’Orgeville, Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150N (2008).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, E.

I. Lee, M. Jalali, N. Vanasse, Z. Prezkuta, K. Groff, J. Roush, N. Rogers, E. Andrews, G. Moule, B. Tiemann, A. K. Hankla, S. M. Adkins, and C. d’Orgeville, Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150N (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boggio, J. M. Chavez

Broeng, J.

M. Chen, A. Shirakawa, X. Fan, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, Opt. Express 20, 21044 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, M. Chen, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optial Society of America, 2010), paper APDP6.

Calia, D. B.

Calia, D. Bonaccini

Y. Feng, L. R. Taylor, D. Bonaccini Calia, R. Holzlöhner, and W. Hackenberg, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD), (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPA4.

Chen, M.

M. Chen, A. Shirakawa, X. Fan, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, Opt. Express 20, 21044 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, M. Chen, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optial Society of America, 2010), paper APDP6.

Chen, S.

J. Leng, S. Chen, W. Wu, J. Hou, and X. Xu, Opt. Commun. 284, 2997 (2011).
[CrossRef]

d’Orgeville, C.

I. Lee, M. Jalali, N. Vanasse, Z. Prezkuta, K. Groff, J. Roush, N. Rogers, E. Andrews, G. Moule, B. Tiemann, A. K. Hankla, S. M. Adkins, and C. d’Orgeville, Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150N (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dajani, I.

Denman, C. A.

C. A. Denman, P. D. Hillman, G. T. Moore, J. M. Telle, J. E. Preston, J. D. Drummond, and R. Q. Fugate, Proc. SPIE 5707, 46 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dronov, A. G.

Drummond, J. D.

C. A. Denman, P. D. Hillman, G. T. Moore, J. M. Telle, J. E. Preston, J. D. Drummond, and R. Q. Fugate, Proc. SPIE 5707, 46 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fan, X.

Feng, Y.

L. R. Taylor, Y. Feng, and D. B. Calia, Opt. Express 18, 8540 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Feng, L. R. Taylor, and D. B. Calia, Opt. Express 17, 19021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Feng, L. Taylor, and D. B. Calia, Opt. Express 16, 10927 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Feng, S. Huang, A. Shirakawa, and K. I. Ueda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L722 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang and Y. Feng Share preparing a manuscript to be titled “SBS suppression in narrow band Raman fiber amplifier with longitudinally varied strain.”

Y. Feng, L. R. Taylor, D. Bonaccini Calia, R. Holzlöhner, and W. Hackenberg, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD), (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPA4.

Fragnito, H. L.

Fugate, R. Q.

C. A. Denman, P. D. Hillman, G. T. Moore, J. M. Telle, J. E. Preston, J. D. Drummond, and R. Q. Fugate, Proc. SPIE 5707, 46 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gapontsev, V. P.

Georgiev, D.

Groff, K.

I. Lee, M. Jalali, N. Vanasse, Z. Prezkuta, K. Groff, J. Roush, N. Rogers, E. Andrews, G. Moule, B. Tiemann, A. K. Hankla, S. M. Adkins, and C. d’Orgeville, Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150N (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hackenberg, W.

Y. Feng, L. R. Taylor, D. Bonaccini Calia, R. Holzlöhner, and W. Hackenberg, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD), (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPA4.

Hankla, A. K.

I. Lee, M. Jalali, N. Vanasse, Z. Prezkuta, K. Groff, J. Roush, N. Rogers, E. Andrews, G. Moule, B. Tiemann, A. K. Hankla, S. M. Adkins, and C. d’Orgeville, Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150N (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hillman, P. D.

C. A. Denman, P. D. Hillman, G. T. Moore, J. M. Telle, J. E. Preston, J. D. Drummond, and R. Q. Fugate, Proc. SPIE 5707, 46 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Holzlöhner, R.

Y. Feng, L. R. Taylor, D. Bonaccini Calia, R. Holzlöhner, and W. Hackenberg, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD), (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPA4.

Horiguchi, T.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hou, J.

J. Leng, S. Chen, W. Wu, J. Hou, and X. Xu, Opt. Commun. 284, 2997 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S.

Y. Feng, S. Huang, A. Shirakawa, and K. I. Ueda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L722 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Imai, T.

N. Yoshizawa and T. Imai, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1518 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jalali, M.

I. Lee, M. Jalali, N. Vanasse, Z. Prezkuta, K. Groff, J. Roush, N. Rogers, E. Andrews, G. Moule, B. Tiemann, A. K. Hankla, S. M. Adkins, and C. d’Orgeville, Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150N (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koyamada, Y.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kurashima, T.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lee, I.

I. Lee, M. Jalali, N. Vanasse, Z. Prezkuta, K. Groff, J. Roush, N. Rogers, E. Andrews, G. Moule, B. Tiemann, A. K. Hankla, S. M. Adkins, and C. d’Orgeville, Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150N (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leng, J.

J. Leng, S. Chen, W. Wu, J. Hou, and X. Xu, Opt. Commun. 284, 2997 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lyngsø, J. K.

M. Chen, A. Shirakawa, X. Fan, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, Opt. Express 20, 21044 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, M. Chen, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optial Society of America, 2010), paper APDP6.

Marconi, J. D.

Moore, G. T.

C. A. Denman, P. D. Hillman, G. T. Moore, J. M. Telle, J. E. Preston, J. D. Drummond, and R. Q. Fugate, Proc. SPIE 5707, 46 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moule, G.

I. Lee, M. Jalali, N. Vanasse, Z. Prezkuta, K. Groff, J. Roush, N. Rogers, E. Andrews, G. Moule, B. Tiemann, A. K. Hankla, S. M. Adkins, and C. d’Orgeville, Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150N (2008).
[CrossRef]

Olausson, C. B.

M. Chen, A. Shirakawa, X. Fan, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, Opt. Express 20, 21044 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, M. Chen, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optial Society of America, 2010), paper APDP6.

Popov, S. V.

Preston, J. E.

C. A. Denman, P. D. Hillman, G. T. Moore, J. M. Telle, J. E. Preston, J. D. Drummond, and R. Q. Fugate, Proc. SPIE 5707, 46 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Prezkuta, Z.

I. Lee, M. Jalali, N. Vanasse, Z. Prezkuta, K. Groff, J. Roush, N. Rogers, E. Andrews, G. Moule, B. Tiemann, A. K. Hankla, S. M. Adkins, and C. d’Orgeville, Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150N (2008).
[CrossRef]

Robin, C.

Rogers, N.

I. Lee, M. Jalali, N. Vanasse, Z. Prezkuta, K. Groff, J. Roush, N. Rogers, E. Andrews, G. Moule, B. Tiemann, A. K. Hankla, S. M. Adkins, and C. d’Orgeville, Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150N (2008).
[CrossRef]

Roush, J.

I. Lee, M. Jalali, N. Vanasse, Z. Prezkuta, K. Groff, J. Roush, N. Rogers, E. Andrews, G. Moule, B. Tiemann, A. K. Hankla, S. M. Adkins, and C. d’Orgeville, Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150N (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rulkov, A. B.

Shimizu, K.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shirakawa, A.

M. Chen, A. Shirakawa, X. Fan, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, Opt. Express 20, 21044 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Feng, S. Huang, A. Shirakawa, and K. I. Ueda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L722 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, M. Chen, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optial Society of America, 2010), paper APDP6.

Tateda, M.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

Taylor, L.

Taylor, L. R.

L. R. Taylor, Y. Feng, and D. B. Calia, Opt. Express 18, 8540 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Feng, L. R. Taylor, and D. B. Calia, Opt. Express 17, 19021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Feng, L. R. Taylor, D. Bonaccini Calia, R. Holzlöhner, and W. Hackenberg, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD), (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPA4.

Telle, J. M.

C. A. Denman, P. D. Hillman, G. T. Moore, J. M. Telle, J. E. Preston, J. D. Drummond, and R. Q. Fugate, Proc. SPIE 5707, 46 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tiemann, B.

I. Lee, M. Jalali, N. Vanasse, Z. Prezkuta, K. Groff, J. Roush, N. Rogers, E. Andrews, G. Moule, B. Tiemann, A. K. Hankla, S. M. Adkins, and C. d’Orgeville, Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150N (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

M. Chen, A. Shirakawa, X. Fan, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, Opt. Express 20, 21044 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, M. Chen, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optial Society of America, 2010), paper APDP6.

Ueda, K. I.

Y. Feng, S. Huang, A. Shirakawa, and K. I. Ueda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L722 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vanasse, N.

I. Lee, M. Jalali, N. Vanasse, Z. Prezkuta, K. Groff, J. Roush, N. Rogers, E. Andrews, G. Moule, B. Tiemann, A. K. Hankla, S. M. Adkins, and C. d’Orgeville, Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150N (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vergien, C.

Vyatkin, M. Y.

Wu, W.

J. Leng, S. Chen, W. Wu, J. Hou, and X. Xu, Opt. Commun. 284, 2997 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

J. Leng, S. Chen, W. Wu, J. Hou, and X. Xu, Opt. Commun. 284, 2997 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yoshizawa, N.

N. Yoshizawa and T. Imai, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1518 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zeringue, C.

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang and Y. Feng Share preparing a manuscript to be titled “SBS suppression in narrow band Raman fiber amplifier with longitudinally varied strain.”

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

N. Yoshizawa and T. Imai, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1518 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Chavez Boggio, J. D. Marconi, and H. L. Fragnito, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3808 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Feng, S. Huang, A. Shirakawa, and K. I. Ueda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L722 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Leng, S. Chen, W. Wu, J. Hou, and X. Xu, Opt. Commun. 284, 2997 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (2)

C. A. Denman, P. D. Hillman, G. T. Moore, J. M. Telle, J. E. Preston, J. D. Drummond, and R. Q. Fugate, Proc. SPIE 5707, 46 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Lee, M. Jalali, N. Vanasse, Z. Prezkuta, K. Groff, J. Roush, N. Rogers, E. Andrews, G. Moule, B. Tiemann, A. K. Hankla, S. M. Adkins, and C. d’Orgeville, Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150N (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

Y. Feng, L. R. Taylor, D. Bonaccini Calia, R. Holzlöhner, and W. Hackenberg, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD), (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPA4.

A. Shirakawa, M. Chen, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optial Society of America, 2010), paper APDP6.

L. Zhang and Y. Feng Share preparing a manuscript to be titled “SBS suppression in narrow band Raman fiber amplifier with longitudinally varied strain.”

Corning Inc., http://www.corning.com/opticalfiber/library/fiber_mechanical_reliability/calculators.aspx .

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic diagram of the laser system, including the seed laser, RFAs, and doubling cavity and (b) diagram of a single-stage RFA. Ms1, Ms2, Ms3 and Ms4, mirrors with high reflection at 1178 nm. D1 and D2, photoreceivers; LBO, LiB3O5 crystal; Pizeo, piezoceramic.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Calculated signal power evolution (dotted), the designed strain distribution (solid, green), and the applied strain distribution (solid, blue) along the fiber.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

1178 nm output power and backward light power as a function of the 1120 nm pump power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Spectrum of the 1178 nm RFA output and (b) the rf spectra from the self-heterodyne linewidth measurement at different powers.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

589 nm laser power and second-harmonic generation (SHG) efficiency as a function of the incident 1178 nm laser power.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Wavelength stability test with a duration of 1 h.

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