Abstract

We demonstrate a 2Tbit/s free-space data link using two orthogonal orbital angular momentum beams each carrying 25 different wavelength-division-multiplexing channels. We measure the performance for different modulation formats, including directly detected 40Gbit/s nonreturn-to-zero (NRZ) differential phase-shift keying, 40Gbit/s NRZ on-off keying, and coherently-detected 10 Gbaud NRZ quadrature phase-shift keying, and achieve low bit error rates with penalties less than 5 dB.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. M. Spirit, A. D. Ellis, and P. E. Barnsley, IEEE Commun. Mag. 32, 56 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Kawanishi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2064 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. Winzer, IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 26 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Li, Proc. IEEE 81, 1568 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. S. Bergano and C. R. Davidson, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1299 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, Opt. Express 12, 5448 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Awaji, N. Wada, and Y. Toda, “Demonstration of spatial mode division multiplexing using Laguerre–Gaussian mode beam in telecom-wavelength” presented at 23rd Annual Meeting of the IEEE Photonics Society, November 7–11, 2010, Denver, Colo.
  9. P. Martelli, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, Electron. Lett. 47, 972 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Wang, J. Yang, I. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, B. Shamee, A. Willner, K. Birnbaum, J. Choi, B. Erkmen, S. Dolinar, and M. Tur, in 37th European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.76.
  11. T. Su, R. Scott, S. Djordjevic, N. Fontaine, D. Geisler, X. Cai, and S. Yoo, Opt. Express 20, 9396 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Wang, J. Yang, M. Irfan, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Yao and M. Padgett, Adv. Opt. Photonics 3, 161 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. I. Fazal, J. Wang, J. Yang, N. Ahmed, B. Shamee, Y. Yan, A. Willner, S. Dolinar, K. Birnbaum, B. Erkmen, and J. Choi, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper FTuT1.

2012

2011

A. Yao and M. Padgett, Adv. Opt. Photonics 3, 161 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Martelli, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, Electron. Lett. 47, 972 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

P. Winzer, IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 26 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2004

1998

S. Kawanishi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2064 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

N. S. Bergano and C. R. Davidson, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1299 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

D. M. Spirit, A. D. Ellis, and P. E. Barnsley, IEEE Commun. Mag. 32, 56 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

T. Li, Proc. IEEE 81, 1568 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, N.

J. Wang, J. Yang, M. Irfan, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, B. Shamee, A. Willner, K. Birnbaum, J. Choi, B. Erkmen, S. Dolinar, and M. Tur, in 37th European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.76.

I. Fazal, J. Wang, J. Yang, N. Ahmed, B. Shamee, Y. Yan, A. Willner, S. Dolinar, K. Birnbaum, B. Erkmen, and J. Choi, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper FTuT1.

Allen, L.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Awaji, Y.

Y. Awaji, N. Wada, and Y. Toda, “Demonstration of spatial mode division multiplexing using Laguerre–Gaussian mode beam in telecom-wavelength” presented at 23rd Annual Meeting of the IEEE Photonics Society, November 7–11, 2010, Denver, Colo.

Barnett, S.

Barnsley, P. E.

D. M. Spirit, A. D. Ellis, and P. E. Barnsley, IEEE Commun. Mag. 32, 56 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bergano, N. S.

N. S. Bergano and C. R. Davidson, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1299 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, K.

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, B. Shamee, A. Willner, K. Birnbaum, J. Choi, B. Erkmen, S. Dolinar, and M. Tur, in 37th European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.76.

I. Fazal, J. Wang, J. Yang, N. Ahmed, B. Shamee, Y. Yan, A. Willner, S. Dolinar, K. Birnbaum, B. Erkmen, and J. Choi, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper FTuT1.

Boffi, P.

P. Martelli, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, Electron. Lett. 47, 972 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bolle, C.

Burrows, E.

Cai, X.

Choi, J.

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, B. Shamee, A. Willner, K. Birnbaum, J. Choi, B. Erkmen, S. Dolinar, and M. Tur, in 37th European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.76.

I. Fazal, J. Wang, J. Yang, N. Ahmed, B. Shamee, Y. Yan, A. Willner, S. Dolinar, K. Birnbaum, B. Erkmen, and J. Choi, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper FTuT1.

Courtial, J.

Davidson, C. R.

N. S. Bergano and C. R. Davidson, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1299 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Djordjevic, S.

Dolinar, S.

J. Wang, J. Yang, M. Irfan, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, B. Shamee, A. Willner, K. Birnbaum, J. Choi, B. Erkmen, S. Dolinar, and M. Tur, in 37th European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.76.

I. Fazal, J. Wang, J. Yang, N. Ahmed, B. Shamee, Y. Yan, A. Willner, S. Dolinar, K. Birnbaum, B. Erkmen, and J. Choi, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper FTuT1.

Ellis, A. D.

D. M. Spirit, A. D. Ellis, and P. E. Barnsley, IEEE Commun. Mag. 32, 56 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Erkmen, B.

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, B. Shamee, A. Willner, K. Birnbaum, J. Choi, B. Erkmen, S. Dolinar, and M. Tur, in 37th European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.76.

I. Fazal, J. Wang, J. Yang, N. Ahmed, B. Shamee, Y. Yan, A. Willner, S. Dolinar, K. Birnbaum, B. Erkmen, and J. Choi, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper FTuT1.

Esmaeelpour, M.

Essiambre, R.

Fazal, I.

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, B. Shamee, A. Willner, K. Birnbaum, J. Choi, B. Erkmen, S. Dolinar, and M. Tur, in 37th European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.76.

I. Fazal, J. Wang, J. Yang, N. Ahmed, B. Shamee, Y. Yan, A. Willner, S. Dolinar, K. Birnbaum, B. Erkmen, and J. Choi, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper FTuT1.

Fontaine, N.

Franke-Arnold, S.

Gatto, A.

P. Martelli, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, Electron. Lett. 47, 972 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Geisler, D.

Gibson, G.

Gnauck, A.

Huang, H.

J. Wang, J. Yang, M. Irfan, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Irfan, M.

J. Wang, J. Yang, M. Irfan, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

S. Kawanishi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2064 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

T. Li, Proc. IEEE 81, 1568 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lingle, R.

Martelli, P.

P. Martelli, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, Electron. Lett. 47, 972 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

P. Martelli, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, Electron. Lett. 47, 972 (2011).
[CrossRef]

McCurdy, A.

Mumtaz, S.

Padgett, M.

Pas’ko, V.

Peckham, D.

Randel, S.

Ren, Y.

J. Wang, J. Yang, M. Irfan, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ryf, R.

Scott, R.

Shamee, B.

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, B. Shamee, A. Willner, K. Birnbaum, J. Choi, B. Erkmen, S. Dolinar, and M. Tur, in 37th European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.76.

I. Fazal, J. Wang, J. Yang, N. Ahmed, B. Shamee, Y. Yan, A. Willner, S. Dolinar, K. Birnbaum, B. Erkmen, and J. Choi, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper FTuT1.

Sierra, A.

Spirit, D. M.

D. M. Spirit, A. D. Ellis, and P. E. Barnsley, IEEE Commun. Mag. 32, 56 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Su, T.

Toda, Y.

Y. Awaji, N. Wada, and Y. Toda, “Demonstration of spatial mode division multiplexing using Laguerre–Gaussian mode beam in telecom-wavelength” presented at 23rd Annual Meeting of the IEEE Photonics Society, November 7–11, 2010, Denver, Colo.

Tur, M.

J. Wang, J. Yang, M. Irfan, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, B. Shamee, A. Willner, K. Birnbaum, J. Choi, B. Erkmen, S. Dolinar, and M. Tur, in 37th European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.76.

Vasnetsov, M.

Wada, N.

Y. Awaji, N. Wada, and Y. Toda, “Demonstration of spatial mode division multiplexing using Laguerre–Gaussian mode beam in telecom-wavelength” presented at 23rd Annual Meeting of the IEEE Photonics Society, November 7–11, 2010, Denver, Colo.

Wang, J.

J. Wang, J. Yang, M. Irfan, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Fazal, J. Wang, J. Yang, N. Ahmed, B. Shamee, Y. Yan, A. Willner, S. Dolinar, K. Birnbaum, B. Erkmen, and J. Choi, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper FTuT1.

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, B. Shamee, A. Willner, K. Birnbaum, J. Choi, B. Erkmen, S. Dolinar, and M. Tur, in 37th European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.76.

Willner, A.

J. Wang, J. Yang, M. Irfan, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, B. Shamee, A. Willner, K. Birnbaum, J. Choi, B. Erkmen, S. Dolinar, and M. Tur, in 37th European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.76.

I. Fazal, J. Wang, J. Yang, N. Ahmed, B. Shamee, Y. Yan, A. Willner, S. Dolinar, K. Birnbaum, B. Erkmen, and J. Choi, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper FTuT1.

Winzer, P.

Woerdman, J. P.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yan, Y.

J. Wang, J. Yang, M. Irfan, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, B. Shamee, A. Willner, K. Birnbaum, J. Choi, B. Erkmen, S. Dolinar, and M. Tur, in 37th European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.76.

I. Fazal, J. Wang, J. Yang, N. Ahmed, B. Shamee, Y. Yan, A. Willner, S. Dolinar, K. Birnbaum, B. Erkmen, and J. Choi, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper FTuT1.

Yang, J.

J. Wang, J. Yang, M. Irfan, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Fazal, J. Wang, J. Yang, N. Ahmed, B. Shamee, Y. Yan, A. Willner, S. Dolinar, K. Birnbaum, B. Erkmen, and J. Choi, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper FTuT1.

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, B. Shamee, A. Willner, K. Birnbaum, J. Choi, B. Erkmen, S. Dolinar, and M. Tur, in 37th European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.76.

Yao, A.

A. Yao and M. Padgett, Adv. Opt. Photonics 3, 161 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S.

Yue, Y.

J. Wang, J. Yang, M. Irfan, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Opt. Photonics

A. Yao and M. Padgett, Adv. Opt. Photonics 3, 161 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

P. Martelli, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, Electron. Lett. 47, 972 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag.

D. M. Spirit, A. D. Ellis, and P. E. Barnsley, IEEE Commun. Mag. 32, 56 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Winzer, IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 26 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. Kawanishi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2064 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nat. Photonics

J. Wang, J. Yang, M. Irfan, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. A

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE

T. Li, Proc. IEEE 81, 1568 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other

Y. Awaji, N. Wada, and Y. Toda, “Demonstration of spatial mode division multiplexing using Laguerre–Gaussian mode beam in telecom-wavelength” presented at 23rd Annual Meeting of the IEEE Photonics Society, November 7–11, 2010, Denver, Colo.

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, B. Shamee, A. Willner, K. Birnbaum, J. Choi, B. Erkmen, S. Dolinar, and M. Tur, in 37th European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.76.

I. Fazal, J. Wang, J. Yang, N. Ahmed, B. Shamee, Y. Yan, A. Willner, S. Dolinar, K. Birnbaum, B. Erkmen, and J. Choi, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper FTuT1.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Concept of OAM-WDM link. Two fundamental Gaussian beams are converted to OAM beams using SLMs and are combined using a beam combiner. Incoming multiplexed OAM beams are simultaneously reconverted to Gaussian beams and spatially separated.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup. Tx, transmitter; Col, collimator; SLM, spatial light modulator; Pol, polarizer; PC, polarization controller; AWG, arrayed waveguide grating; BPF, bandpass filter; BS, beam splitter; HWP, half-wave plate; and Att, attenuator.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

BER curves for back-to-back (B2B) and the two spatially demultiplexed beams under 40 Gbit / s NRZ-OOK modulation. (a)  OAM 16 , (b)  OAM 8 , (c)–(e) eye diagrams of Ch. 8: B2B, OAM 8 , and OAM 16 beams, respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Optical spectra of the B2B and the two spatially demultiplexed beams for 40 Gbit / s NRZ-DSPK channels. (b)–(c) Power penalty at BER of 10 9 for the 25 NRZ-DPSK channels on OAM 16 and OAM 8 beams, respectively.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

BER curves for B2B and spatially demultiplexed beams from (a)  OAM 16 and (b)  OAM 8 for 25 NRZ-DPSK channels.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Balanced eye diagrams for NRZ-DPSK Ch. 1, Ch. 8, Ch. 16, and Ch. 25.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Power penalty curves for OAM 16 with and without crosstalk from OAM 8 .

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

(a) BER curves for 10 Gbaud NRZ-QPSK Ch. 1, Ch. 16, and Ch. 25. (b) In-phase and quadrature eye diagrams and constellation diagrams for Ch. 1 B2B, OAM 16 , and OAM 8 , respectively.

Metrics