Abstract

We report hertz level relative linewidth distributed feedback diode lasers with external optical feedback from a high finesse F-P cavity, and demonstrate the efficient phase noise suppression and laser linewidth reduction of the optical feedback technique. The laser phase noise is dramatically suppressed throughout the measurement frequency range. Especially at the Fourier frequency of 17 kHz, approximately the linewidth of the F-P reference cavity, the laser phase noise is significantly suppressed by more than 92 dB. Above this Fourier frequency, the noise maintains a white phase noise plateau as low as 124.4dBc/Hz. The laser’s FWHM linewidth is reduced from 7 MHz to 4.4 Hz, and its instantaneous linewidth is 220 mHz in the Lorentzian fitting.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2007 (2)

2005 (1)

G. Ewald, K.-M. Knaak, S. Götte, K. D. A. Wendt, and H.-J. Kluge, Appl. Phys. B 80, 483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. Morville and D. Romanini, Appl. Phys. B 74, 495(2002).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

T. Day, E. Gustafson, and R. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1106 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

R. Hui, A. D’ottavi, A. Mecozzi, and P. Spano, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1688 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

P. Laurent, A. Clairon, and C. Breant, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

1987 (1)

Abraham, N. B.

H. Li and N. B. Abraham, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2257 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Breant, C.

P. Laurent, A. Clairon, and C. Breant, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R.

T. Day, E. Gustafson, and R. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1106 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cao, J.

Y. Zhao, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, Y. Lin, S. Wang, B. Lin, S. Cao, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1795 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, Y. Peng, T. Yang, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, Opt. Lett. 36, 34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cao, S.

Y. Zhao, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, Y. Lin, S. Wang, B. Lin, S. Cao, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1795 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Clairon, A.

P. Laurent, A. Clairon, and C. Breant, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D’ottavi, A.

R. Hui, A. D’ottavi, A. Mecozzi, and P. Spano, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1688 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dahmani, B.

Day, T.

T. Day, E. Gustafson, and R. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1106 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Döringshoff, K.

Drullinger, R.

Ernsting, I.

Ewald, G.

G. Ewald, K.-M. Knaak, S. Götte, K. D. A. Wendt, and H.-J. Kluge, Appl. Phys. B 80, 483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fang, Z.

Y. Zhao, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, Y. Lin, S. Wang, B. Lin, S. Cao, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1795 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, Y. Peng, T. Yang, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, Opt. Lett. 36, 34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Götte, S.

G. Ewald, K.-M. Knaak, S. Götte, K. D. A. Wendt, and H.-J. Kluge, Appl. Phys. B 80, 483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gustafson, E.

T. Day, E. Gustafson, and R. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1106 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

Hayasaka, K.

Y. Zhang, K. Hayasaka, and K. Kasai, Appl. Phys. B 86, 643 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hils, D.

Hollberg, L.

Hui, R.

R. Hui, A. D’ottavi, A. Mecozzi, and P. Spano, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1688 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ilchenko, V. S.

Jelenkovic, B.

Kasai, K.

Y. Zhang, K. Hayasaka, and K. Kasai, Appl. Phys. B 86, 643 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kluge, H.-J.

G. Ewald, K.-M. Knaak, S. Götte, K. D. A. Wendt, and H.-J. Kluge, Appl. Phys. B 80, 483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Knaak, K.-M.

G. Ewald, K.-M. Knaak, S. Götte, K. D. A. Wendt, and H.-J. Kluge, Appl. Phys. B 80, 483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Laurent, P.

P. Laurent, A. Clairon, and C. Breant, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

H. Li and N. B. Abraham, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2257 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

Y. Zhao, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, Y. Lin, S. Wang, B. Lin, S. Cao, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1795 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, Y. Peng, T. Yang, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, Opt. Lett. 36, 34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Y. Zhao, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, Y. Lin, S. Wang, B. Lin, S. Cao, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1795 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, Y. Peng, T. Yang, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, Opt. Lett. 36, 34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liang, W.

Lin, B.

Y. Zhao, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, Y. Lin, S. Wang, B. Lin, S. Cao, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1795 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Q.

Lin, Y.

Y. Zhao, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, Y. Lin, S. Wang, B. Lin, S. Cao, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1795 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Maleki, L.

Matsko, A. B.

Mecozzi, A.

R. Hui, A. D’ottavi, A. Mecozzi, and P. Spano, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1688 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Meng, F.

Y. Zhao, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, Y. Lin, S. Wang, B. Lin, S. Cao, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1795 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, Y. Peng, T. Yang, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, Opt. Lett. 36, 34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Morville, J.

J. Morville and D. Romanini, Appl. Phys. B 74, 495(2002).
[CrossRef]

Peng, Y.

Rinkleff, R.-H.

Romanini, D.

J. Morville and D. Romanini, Appl. Phys. B 74, 495(2002).
[CrossRef]

Salomon, Ch.

Savchenkov, A. A.

Schiller, S.

Seidel, D.

Spano, P.

R. Hui, A. D’ottavi, A. Mecozzi, and P. Spano, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1688 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Van Camp, M. A.

Vuletic, V.

Wang, Q.

Y. Zhao, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, Y. Lin, S. Wang, B. Lin, S. Cao, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1795 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, Y. Peng, T. Yang, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, Opt. Lett. 36, 34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

Y. Zhao, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, Y. Lin, S. Wang, B. Lin, S. Cao, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1795 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wendt, K. D. A.

G. Ewald, K.-M. Knaak, S. Götte, K. D. A. Wendt, and H.-J. Kluge, Appl. Phys. B 80, 483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wicht, A.

Yang, T.

Zang, E.

Y. Zhao, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, Y. Lin, S. Wang, B. Lin, S. Cao, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1795 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, Y. Peng, T. Yang, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, Opt. Lett. 36, 34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, K. Hayasaka, and K. Kasai, Appl. Phys. B 86, 643 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, Y. Lin, S. Wang, B. Lin, S. Cao, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1795 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, Y. Peng, T. Yang, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, Opt. Lett. 36, 34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

G. Ewald, K.-M. Knaak, S. Götte, K. D. A. Wendt, and H.-J. Kluge, Appl. Phys. B 80, 483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, K. Hayasaka, and K. Kasai, Appl. Phys. B 86, 643 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Morville and D. Romanini, Appl. Phys. B 74, 495(2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Li and N. B. Abraham, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2257 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

P. Laurent, A. Clairon, and C. Breant, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. Hui, A. D’ottavi, A. Mecozzi, and P. Spano, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1688 (1991).
[CrossRef]

T. Day, E. Gustafson, and R. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1106 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Zhao, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, Y. Lin, S. Wang, B. Lin, S. Cao, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1795 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scheme of the narrow linewidth optical feedback diode lasers setup. DFB, distributed feedback laser; HWP, half wave-plate; QWP, quarter wave-plate; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; M, reflecting mirror; L, lens; PD, photodetector; CCD, charge-coupled device camera; MIX, mixer; PZT, piezoelectric transducer; PI, proportional plus integral controller; A, high-voltage amplifier; EOM, electro-optic modulator. Two oscillators with the frequency of 20 MHz (f1) and 27 MHz (f2), respectively.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Phase noise PSD of the beat-note between the DFB lasers both in optical feedback (Curve A) and free running (Curve B). Curve B is measured in fast capture mode due to its frequency significant drift and wide linewidth in megahertz order.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Spectrum of the beat-note between the two DFB lasers in free running with a resolution bandwidth (RBW) of 2.5 MHz (black dot). The skirts of the line are fitted with a 10 MHz Lorentzian envelope (red line). (b) Beat-note of both DFB lasers in optical feedback with an RBW of 30 Hz (black dot) and fitted with a Lorentzian curve of 300 mHz FWHM (red line).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Beat-note between the two DFB lasers in optical feedback. It is averaged from 10 measurements with an RBW of 6 Hz. Its FWHM linewidth is 6.2 Hz.

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