Abstract

Fabrication and cw lasing at 798.25 nm is reported for femtosecond (fs) and picosecond (ps) laser-inscribed channel waveguides in Ti:sapphire crystals. Lasing in channels written by fs (ps) pulses was obtained above a threshold of 84 mW (189 mW) with a maximum output power and a slope efficiency of 143 mW (45 mW) and 23.5% (7.1%), respectively. The emission wavelength was tuned over a 170 nm range by using a birefringent filter in an external cavity.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2012 (2)

2011 (4)

2010 (4)

J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Express 18, 16035 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tan, A. Rodenas, F. Chen, R. R. Thomson, A. K. Kar, D. Jaque, and Q. Lu, Opt. Express 18, 24994 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 100, 131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gross, M. J. Withford, and A. Fuerbach, Proc. SPIE 7589, 75890U (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathe, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

W. A. Clarkson and D. C. Hanna, J. Mod. Opt. 36, 483 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

Ams, M.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 535 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Apostolopoulos, V.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathe, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bai, J.

Bain, F. M.

Brown, C. T. A.

Calmano, T.

Cerullo, G.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathe, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chambaz, B.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chartier, I.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chen, F.

Chen, G. F.

Cheng, G. H.

Clarkson, W. A.

W. A. Clarkson and D. C. Hanna, J. Mod. Opt. 36, 483 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Colomb, T.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathe, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dekker, P.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 535 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Depeursinge, C.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathe, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dong, N.

Dong, N. N.

Eason, R. W.

Fechner, M.

Ferrand, B.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fuerbach, A.

S. Gross, M. J. Withford, and A. Fuerbach, Proc. SPIE 7589, 75890U (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grivas, C.

Gross, S.

S. Gross, M. J. Withford, and A. Fuerbach, Proc. SPIE 7589, 75890U (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson and D. C. Hanna, J. Mod. Opt. 36, 483 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, N. O.

Hellmig, O.

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 100, 131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Express 18, 16035 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

Hui, R. Q.

Jaque, D.

Jia, Y.

Kar, A. K.

Khrushchev, I.

Kuleshov, N. V.

Lagatsky, A. A.

Laporta, P.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathe, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Large, A. C.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Laversenne, L.

C. Grivas, D. P. Shepherd, R. W. Eason, L. Laversenne, P. Moretti, and M. Pollnau, Opt. Lett. 31, 3450 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathe, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Long, X. W.

Lu, Q.

Lu, Q. M.

Macdonald, J.

Marshall, G. D.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 535 (2009).
[CrossRef]

May-Smith, T. C.

Mitchell, J.

Moretti, P.

Moulton, P. F.

Okhrimchuk, A. G.

Osellame, R.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathe, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Paschke, A. G.

Pelenc, D.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

Piper, J. A.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 535 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pollnau, M.

C. Grivas, D. P. Shepherd, R. W. Eason, L. Laversenne, P. Moretti, and M. Pollnau, Opt. Lett. 31, 3450 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Grivas, D. P. Shepherd, T. C. May-Smith, R. W. Eason, and M. Pollnau, Opt. Express 13, 210 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathe, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Psaila, N. D.

Reichert, F.

Ren, Y.

Rodenas, A.

Salathe, R. P.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathe, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, D. P.

Shestakov, A. V.

Sibbett, W.

Siebenmorgen, J.

Stoian, R.

Tan, Y.

Thomson, R. R.

Tropper, A. C.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Vázquez de Aldana, J. R.

Wang, Y. S.

Withford, M. J.

S. Gross, M. J. Withford, and A. Fuerbach, Proc. SPIE 7589, 75890U (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 535 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wyon, C.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

Zhang, C.

Zhang, H.

Zhao, W.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 100, 131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathe, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

W. A. Clarkson and D. C. Hanna, J. Mod. Opt. 36, 483 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 535 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Gross, M. J. Withford, and A. Fuerbach, Proc. SPIE 7589, 75890U (2010).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Grivas, Prog. Quantum Electron. 35, 159 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Microscope images of waveguides defined by two pairs of 24 μm spaced tracks produced by (a) fs pulses and (b) ps pulses at a 200 kHz repetition rate.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Laser spectrum and mode intensity profile (inset) from an fs-laser-written waveguide. The two ovals indicate the location of the waveguide-defining tracks.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output power versus absorbed pump power for channel waveguide lasers written with trains of (a) 180 fs and (b) 8 ps-laser pulses.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output power as a function of lasing wavelength, indicating tuning range from 700 nm to 870 nm (the blue curve is a guide to the eye). The fluorescence spectrum from the waveguide is also shown in the background (red curve).

Equations (2)

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Δn(sin2θm2n),
η=(λp·ηqλl)·(ln(R2)(2·1·α)ln(R1·R2))·(wlx·wly·(2wpx2+wlx2)1/2·(2wpy2+wly2)1/2(wpx2+wlx2)·(wpy2+wly2)),

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