Abstract

Fibers of Er:YAG have been grown using the laser-heated pedestal growth method. Fibers with Er concentrations ranging from 0.5 to 10 mol. % have been produced and excitation at 965 nm has been used to produce intense upconversion emission at green and red wavelengths. The dependence of ground state absorption and upconversion emission on dopant concentration has been studied and shown to exhibit lower levels of self-absorption than previously reported. At Er concentrations of 5 mol. % and above; however, the variation of upconversion emission intensity with pump power deviates from theoretical predictions, exhibiting saturation behavior consistent with concentration quenching.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2012 (1)

B. T. Laustsen and J. A. Harrington, Proc. SPIE 8235, 823505 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

Martial, S. Bigotta, M. Eichhorn, C. Kieleck, J. Didierjean, N. Aubry, R. Peretti, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Opt. Materials 32, 1251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, W. Zhang, J. Li, B. Jiang, W. Liu, and Y. Pan, Ceram. Int., 36, 193 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

J. W. Shen, B. Wu, and Y. H. Shen, Laser Phys. 19, 2031 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Simura, A. Yoshikawa, and S. Uda, J. Cryst. Growth 311, 4763 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

F. Cornacchia, M. Alshourbagy, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. Ogino, J. Cryst. Growth 275, 534 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

S. Georgescu, O. Toma, C. Florea, and C. Naud, J. Lumin. 101, 87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, L. Laversenne, H. Canibano, K. Lebbou, A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, and T. Fukuda, J. Appl. Phys. 94, 5479 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1995 (2)

R. S. F. Chang, V. Phomsakha, and N. Djeu, Proc. SPIE 2396, 48 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Koetke and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B, 61, 151 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

S. Georgescu, V. Lupei, A. Lupei, V. I. Zhekov, T. M. Murina, and M. I. Studenikin, Opt. Commun. 81, 186 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Alshourbagy, M.

F. Cornacchia, M. Alshourbagy, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. Ogino, J. Cryst. Growth 275, 534 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Aubry, N.

Martial, S. Bigotta, M. Eichhorn, C. Kieleck, J. Didierjean, N. Aubry, R. Peretti, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Opt. Materials 32, 1251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Balembois, F.

Martial, S. Bigotta, M. Eichhorn, C. Kieleck, J. Didierjean, N. Aubry, R. Peretti, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Opt. Materials 32, 1251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bigotta, S.

Martial, S. Bigotta, M. Eichhorn, C. Kieleck, J. Didierjean, N. Aubry, R. Peretti, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Opt. Materials 32, 1251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Boulon, G.

A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, L. Laversenne, H. Canibano, K. Lebbou, A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, and T. Fukuda, J. Appl. Phys. 94, 5479 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Canibano, H.

A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, L. Laversenne, H. Canibano, K. Lebbou, A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, and T. Fukuda, J. Appl. Phys. 94, 5479 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. S. F.

R. S. F. Chang, V. Phomsakha, and N. Djeu, Proc. SPIE 2396, 48 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Collombet, A.

A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, L. Laversenne, H. Canibano, K. Lebbou, A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, and T. Fukuda, J. Appl. Phys. 94, 5479 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cornacchia, F.

F. Cornacchia, M. Alshourbagy, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. Ogino, J. Cryst. Growth 275, 534 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Didierjean, J.

Martial, S. Bigotta, M. Eichhorn, C. Kieleck, J. Didierjean, N. Aubry, R. Peretti, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Opt. Materials 32, 1251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Djeu, N.

R. S. F. Chang, V. Phomsakha, and N. Djeu, Proc. SPIE 2396, 48 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Eichhorn, M.

Martial, S. Bigotta, M. Eichhorn, C. Kieleck, J. Didierjean, N. Aubry, R. Peretti, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Opt. Materials 32, 1251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Florea, C.

S. Georgescu, O. Toma, C. Florea, and C. Naud, J. Lumin. 101, 87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, T.

A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, L. Laversenne, H. Canibano, K. Lebbou, A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, and T. Fukuda, J. Appl. Phys. 94, 5479 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

Martial, S. Bigotta, M. Eichhorn, C. Kieleck, J. Didierjean, N. Aubry, R. Peretti, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Opt. Materials 32, 1251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Georgescu, S.

S. Georgescu, O. Toma, C. Florea, and C. Naud, J. Lumin. 101, 87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Georgescu, V. Lupei, A. Lupei, V. I. Zhekov, T. M. Murina, and M. I. Studenikin, Opt. Commun. 81, 186 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Guyot, Y.

A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, L. Laversenne, H. Canibano, K. Lebbou, A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, and T. Fukuda, J. Appl. Phys. 94, 5479 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Harrington, J. A.

B. T. Laustsen and J. A. Harrington, Proc. SPIE 8235, 823505 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Nubling and J. A. Harrington, Appl. Opt. 36, 5934 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

J. Koetke and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B, 61, 151 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, B.

J. Zhou, W. Zhang, J. Li, B. Jiang, W. Liu, and Y. Pan, Ceram. Int., 36, 193 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kieleck, C.

Martial, S. Bigotta, M. Eichhorn, C. Kieleck, J. Didierjean, N. Aubry, R. Peretti, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Opt. Materials 32, 1251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Koetke, J.

J. Koetke and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B, 61, 151 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Laustsen, B. T.

B. T. Laustsen and J. A. Harrington, Proc. SPIE 8235, 823505 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Laversenne, L.

A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, L. Laversenne, H. Canibano, K. Lebbou, A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, and T. Fukuda, J. Appl. Phys. 94, 5479 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lebbou, K.

A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, L. Laversenne, H. Canibano, K. Lebbou, A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, and T. Fukuda, J. Appl. Phys. 94, 5479 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Zhou, W. Zhang, J. Li, B. Jiang, W. Liu, and Y. Pan, Ceram. Int., 36, 193 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

J. Zhou, W. Zhang, J. Li, B. Jiang, W. Liu, and Y. Pan, Ceram. Int., 36, 193 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, A.

S. Georgescu, V. Lupei, A. Lupei, V. I. Zhekov, T. M. Murina, and M. I. Studenikin, Opt. Commun. 81, 186 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, V.

S. Georgescu, V. Lupei, A. Lupei, V. I. Zhekov, T. M. Murina, and M. I. Studenikin, Opt. Commun. 81, 186 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Martial,

Martial, S. Bigotta, M. Eichhorn, C. Kieleck, J. Didierjean, N. Aubry, R. Peretti, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Opt. Materials 32, 1251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Murina, T. M.

S. Georgescu, V. Lupei, A. Lupei, V. I. Zhekov, T. M. Murina, and M. I. Studenikin, Opt. Commun. 81, 186 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Naud, C.

S. Georgescu, O. Toma, C. Florea, and C. Naud, J. Lumin. 101, 87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nubling, R. K.

Ogino, H.

F. Cornacchia, M. Alshourbagy, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. Ogino, J. Cryst. Growth 275, 534 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Y.

J. Zhou, W. Zhang, J. Li, B. Jiang, W. Liu, and Y. Pan, Ceram. Int., 36, 193 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peretti, R.

Martial, S. Bigotta, M. Eichhorn, C. Kieleck, J. Didierjean, N. Aubry, R. Peretti, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Opt. Materials 32, 1251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phomsakha, V.

R. S. F. Chang, V. Phomsakha, and N. Djeu, Proc. SPIE 2396, 48 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sharp, J. H.

Shen, J. W.

J. W. Shen, B. Wu, and Y. H. Shen, Laser Phys. 19, 2031 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. H.

J. W. Shen, B. Wu, and Y. H. Shen, Laser Phys. 19, 2031 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shi, P. C. W.

Simura, R.

R. Simura, A. Yoshikawa, and S. Uda, J. Cryst. Growth 311, 4763 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Studenikin, M. I.

S. Georgescu, V. Lupei, A. Lupei, V. I. Zhekov, T. M. Murina, and M. I. Studenikin, Opt. Commun. 81, 186 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Toma, O.

S. Georgescu, O. Toma, C. Florea, and C. Naud, J. Lumin. 101, 87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Toncelli, A.

F. Cornacchia, M. Alshourbagy, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. Ogino, J. Cryst. Growth 275, 534 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

F. Cornacchia, M. Alshourbagy, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. Ogino, J. Cryst. Growth 275, 534 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Uda, S.

R. Simura, A. Yoshikawa, and S. Uda, J. Cryst. Growth 311, 4763 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Watson, I. A.

Wu, B.

J. W. Shen, B. Wu, and Y. H. Shen, Laser Phys. 19, 2031 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yoshikawa, A.

R. Simura, A. Yoshikawa, and S. Uda, J. Cryst. Growth 311, 4763 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, L. Laversenne, H. Canibano, K. Lebbou, A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, and T. Fukuda, J. Appl. Phys. 94, 5479 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

J. Zhou, W. Zhang, J. Li, B. Jiang, W. Liu, and Y. Pan, Ceram. Int., 36, 193 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhekov, V. I.

S. Georgescu, V. Lupei, A. Lupei, V. I. Zhekov, T. M. Murina, and M. I. Studenikin, Opt. Commun. 81, 186 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, W. Zhang, J. Li, B. Jiang, W. Liu, and Y. Pan, Ceram. Int., 36, 193 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Koetke and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B, 61, 151 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ceram. Int. (1)

J. Zhou, W. Zhang, J. Li, B. Jiang, W. Liu, and Y. Pan, Ceram. Int., 36, 193 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, L. Laversenne, H. Canibano, K. Lebbou, A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, and T. Fukuda, J. Appl. Phys. 94, 5479 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (2)

R. Simura, A. Yoshikawa, and S. Uda, J. Cryst. Growth 311, 4763 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Cornacchia, M. Alshourbagy, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. Ogino, J. Cryst. Growth 275, 534 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

S. Georgescu, O. Toma, C. Florea, and C. Naud, J. Lumin. 101, 87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

J. W. Shen, B. Wu, and Y. H. Shen, Laser Phys. 19, 2031 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Georgescu, V. Lupei, A. Lupei, V. I. Zhekov, T. M. Murina, and M. I. Studenikin, Opt. Commun. 81, 186 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Materials (1)

Martial, S. Bigotta, M. Eichhorn, C. Kieleck, J. Didierjean, N. Aubry, R. Peretti, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Opt. Materials 32, 1251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (2)

B. T. Laustsen and J. A. Harrington, Proc. SPIE 8235, 823505 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. S. F. Chang, V. Phomsakha, and N. Djeu, Proc. SPIE 2396, 48 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Er:YAG single-crystal fibers.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Ground state absorption spectrum of sample grown from source material doped at 10 mol. % Er.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Upconversion emission from Er:YAG fibers.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dependence of upconversion emission intensity at green and red wavelengths on pump power.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Ground State Absorption Coefficient, α(cm1), and Its Dependence on Er Concentration

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