Abstract

A novel microwave photonic phase shifter based on a single-sideband (SSB) polarization modulator (PolM) and a polarizer is proposed and demonstrated. In the SSB-PolM, two SSB intensity-modulated signals with a phase difference of π along two orthogonal polarization directions are generated. With the polarizer to combine the two signals, the phase of the optical microwave signal can be tuned from 180 to 180 deg by simply adjusting the polarization direction of the polarizer, whereas the amplitude keeps unchanged. An experiment is carried out. A full-range tunable phase shift in the frequency range of 11–43 GHz is achieved. The flat power response, power independent operation, and high stability of the proposed microwave photonic phase shifter is also confirmed.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Ghorbani, A. Mitchell, R. B. Waterhouse, and M. W. Austin, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 645 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. Q. Chang, Q. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, T. Ye, and Y. K. Su, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 60 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. X. Q. Sun, S. N. Fu, K. Xu, J. Q. Zhou, P. Shum, J. Yin, X. B. Hong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3206 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Loayssa and F. J. Lahoz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 208 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1286 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Chen, Y. Dong, H. He, W. Hu, and L. Li, Opt. Lett. 34, 2375 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 133 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1286 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

M. H. Pu, L. Liu, W. Q. Xue, Y. H. Ding, L. H. Frandsen, H. Y. Ou, and J. M. Hvam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 869 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Q. Sun, S. N. Fu, K. Xu, J. Q. Zhou, P. Shum, J. Yin, X. B. Hong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3206 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Li, C. Y. Yu, Y. Dong, L. H. Cheng, L. F. K. Lui, C. Lu, A. P. T. Lau, H. Y. Tam, and P. K. A. Wai, Opt. Lett. 35, 1881 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

H. Chen, Y. Dong, H. He, W. Hu, and L. Li, Opt. Lett. 34, 2375 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Chang, Q. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, T. Ye, and Y. K. Su, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 60 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Pan and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 929 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

A. Loayssa and F. J. Lahoz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 201 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

K. Ghorbani, A. Mitchell, R. B. Waterhouse, and M. W. Austin, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 645 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Austin, M. W.

K. Ghorbani, A. Mitchell, R. B. Waterhouse, and M. W. Austin, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 645 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bull, J. D.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 201 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Sancho, J. Lloret, I. Gasulla, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, Proceedings of IEEE International Meeting on Microwave Photonics (2011), page 69.
[CrossRef]

Chang, Q.

Q. Chang, Q. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, T. Ye, and Y. K. Su, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 60 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Cheng, L. H.

Ding, Y. H.

M. H. Pu, L. Liu, W. Q. Xue, Y. H. Ding, L. H. Frandsen, H. Y. Ou, and J. M. Hvam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 869 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Y.

Fairburn, M.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Frandsen, L. H.

M. H. Pu, L. Liu, W. Q. Xue, Y. H. Ding, L. H. Frandsen, H. Y. Ou, and J. M. Hvam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 869 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fu, S. N.

X. Q. Sun, S. N. Fu, K. Xu, J. Q. Zhou, P. Shum, J. Yin, X. B. Hong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3206 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gasulla, I.

J. Sancho, J. Lloret, I. Gasulla, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, Proceedings of IEEE International Meeting on Microwave Photonics (2011), page 69.
[CrossRef]

Ghanipour, P.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ghorbani, K.

K. Ghorbani, A. Mitchell, R. B. Waterhouse, and M. W. Austin, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 645 (1999).
[CrossRef]

He, H.

Hong, X. B.

X. Q. Sun, S. N. Fu, K. Xu, J. Q. Zhou, P. Shum, J. Yin, X. B. Hong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3206 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hu, W.

Huang, T. X. H.

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1286 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hvam, J. M.

M. H. Pu, L. Liu, W. Q. Xue, Y. H. Ding, L. H. Frandsen, H. Y. Ou, and J. M. Hvam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 869 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jaeger, N. A. F.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kato, H.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lahoz, F. J.

A. Loayssa and F. J. Lahoz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lau, A. P. T.

Li, L.

Li, Q.

Q. Chang, Q. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, T. Ye, and Y. K. Su, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 60 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z. H.

Lin, J. T.

X. Q. Sun, S. N. Fu, K. Xu, J. Q. Zhou, P. Shum, J. Yin, X. B. Hong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3206 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

M. H. Pu, L. Liu, W. Q. Xue, Y. H. Ding, L. H. Frandsen, H. Y. Ou, and J. M. Hvam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 869 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lloret, J.

J. Sancho, J. Lloret, I. Gasulla, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, Proceedings of IEEE International Meeting on Microwave Photonics (2011), page 69.
[CrossRef]

Loayssa, A.

A. Loayssa and F. J. Lahoz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

Lui, L. F. K.

Minasian, R. A.

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1286 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, A.

K. Ghorbani, A. Mitchell, R. B. Waterhouse, and M. W. Austin, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 645 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ortega, B.

Ou, H. Y.

M. H. Pu, L. Liu, W. Q. Xue, Y. H. Ding, L. H. Frandsen, H. Y. Ou, and J. M. Hvam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 869 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pan, S. L.

S. L. Pan and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 929 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pastor, D.

Pu, M. H.

M. H. Pu, L. Liu, W. Q. Xue, Y. H. Ding, L. H. Frandsen, H. Y. Ou, and J. M. Hvam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 869 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, M.

Q. Chang, Q. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, T. Ye, and Y. K. Su, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 60 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Reid, A.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sales, S.

J. Sancho, J. Lloret, I. Gasulla, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, Proceedings of IEEE International Meeting on Microwave Photonics (2011), page 69.
[CrossRef]

Sancho, J.

J. Sancho, J. Lloret, I. Gasulla, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, Proceedings of IEEE International Meeting on Microwave Photonics (2011), page 69.
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

X. Q. Sun, S. N. Fu, K. Xu, J. Q. Zhou, P. Shum, J. Yin, X. B. Hong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3206 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Su, Y. K.

Q. Chang, Q. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, T. Ye, and Y. K. Su, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 60 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X. Q.

X. Q. Sun, S. N. Fu, K. Xu, J. Q. Zhou, P. Shum, J. Yin, X. B. Hong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3206 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

Wai, P. K. A.

Waterhouse, R. B.

K. Ghorbani, A. Mitchell, R. B. Waterhouse, and M. W. Austin, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 645 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

X. Q. Sun, S. N. Fu, K. Xu, J. Q. Zhou, P. Shum, J. Yin, X. B. Hong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3206 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, K.

X. Q. Sun, S. N. Fu, K. Xu, J. Q. Zhou, P. Shum, J. Yin, X. B. Hong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3206 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xue, W. Q.

M. H. Pu, L. Liu, W. Q. Xue, Y. H. Ding, L. H. Frandsen, H. Y. Ou, and J. M. Hvam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 869 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J. P.

S. L. Pan and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 929 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ye, T.

Q. Chang, Q. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, T. Ye, and Y. K. Su, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 60 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yi, X.

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1286 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yin, J.

X. Q. Sun, S. N. Fu, K. Xu, J. Q. Zhou, P. Shum, J. Yin, X. B. Hong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3206 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C. Y.

Zhang, Z.

Q. Chang, Q. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, T. Ye, and Y. K. Su, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 60 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J. Q.

X. Q. Sun, S. N. Fu, K. Xu, J. Q. Zhou, P. Shum, J. Yin, X. B. Hong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3206 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

M. H. Pu, L. Liu, W. Q. Xue, Y. H. Ding, L. H. Frandsen, H. Y. Ou, and J. M. Hvam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 869 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Chang, Q. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, T. Ye, and Y. K. Su, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 60 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Loayssa and F. J. Lahoz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1286 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Pan and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 929 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (2)

K. Ghorbani, A. Mitchell, R. B. Waterhouse, and M. W. Austin, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 645 (1999).
[CrossRef]

X. Q. Sun, S. N. Fu, K. Xu, J. Q. Zhou, P. Shum, J. Yin, X. B. Hong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3206 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. Sancho, J. Lloret, I. Gasulla, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, Proceedings of IEEE International Meeting on Microwave Photonics (2011), page 69.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the proposed microwave photonic phase shifter. OBPF, optical bandpass filter; TLS, tunable laser source; PC, polarization controller; PolM, polarization modulator; Pol, polarizer; PD, photodetector; VNA, vector network analyzer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical spectra of the signals before and after the OBPF, and the transmission response of the OBPF.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Phase response of the proposed phase shifter at different PC settings. (b) Output power as a function of the phase shift at different frequencies.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Phase shift when the time is swept from 0–200 s. (b) Phase shift when the electrical input power is swept from 10 to 25 dBm.

Equations (6)

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[ExEy]=22[expj(ωot+γϕ(t)+φ)expj(ωotγϕ(t))],
[ExEy][exp(jφ)[J0(γ)+jJ1(γ)exp(jωmt)jJ1(γ)exp(jωmt)]J0(γ)jJ1(γ)exp(jωmt)+jJ1(γ)exp(jωmt)],
[ExEy][exp(jφ)[J0(γ)+J1(γ)exp(j(ωmt+π2))]J0(γ)+J1(γ)exp(j(ωmtπ2))].
Eout(t)=cosαEx+sinαEy.
I(t)Eout(t)Eout*(t)=(1+sin2αcosφ)J02(γ)+(1sin2αcosφ)J12(γ)2(cos2αsinωmt+sin2αcosωmtsinφ)J0(γ)J1(γ).
I(t)cos(ωmt+2α+π2)J0(γ)J1(γ).

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