Abstract

We investigated the optical properties of a novel chiral metamaterial; two-dimensional metal chiral networks formed from metal ribbons deposited on a dielectric substrate. For zeroth-order transmitted light, sharp optical resonances were observed at spectral positions, which are determined by the surface plasmon resonance frequencies of the periodic metal structures. The experimental results are in excellent agreement with numerical calculations.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. Barron, Molecular Light Scattering and Optical Activity, 2nd ed. (Cambridge, 2004).
  2. T. Vallius, K. Jefimovs, J. Turunen, P. Vahimaa, and Y. Svirko, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 234 (2003).
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  3. M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 227401 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
  5. E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 223113 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Decker, M. W. Klein, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, Opt. Lett. 32, 856 (2007).
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  7. N. Kanda, K. Konishi, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Opt. Express 15, 11117 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Decker, M. Ruther, C. E. Kriegler, J. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Opt. Lett. 34, 2501 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
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  14. J. B. Pendry, Science 306, 1353 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Zhang, Y.-S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 023901 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 79, 121104(R) (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 9, 3016 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  19. N. Kanda, K. Konishi, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Opt. Lett. 34, 3000 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. Zhou, D. R. Chowdhury, R. Zhao, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, C. M. Soukoulis, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, Phys. Rev. B 86, 035448 (2012).
  21. K. Konishi, M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Iwamoto, Y. Arakawa, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 057402 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  22. K. Konishi, T. Sugimoto, B. Bai, Y. Svirko, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Opt. Express 15, 9575 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  23. B. Bai, Y. Svirko, J. Turunen, and T. Vallius, Phys. Rev. A 76, 023811 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  24. B. Bai, J. Laukkanen, A. Lehmuskero, and J. Turunen, Phys. Rev. B 81, 115424 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  25. H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  26. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  27. B. Bai and L. Li, J. Opt. A 7, 783 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2012

J. Zhou, D. R. Chowdhury, R. Zhao, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, C. M. Soukoulis, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, Phys. Rev. B 86, 035448 (2012).

2011

K. Konishi, M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Iwamoto, Y. Arakawa, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 057402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

B. Bai, J. Laukkanen, A. Lehmuskero, and J. Turunen, Phys. Rev. B 81, 115424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Decker, R. Zhao, C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Opt. Lett. 35, 1593 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

M. Decker, M. Ruther, C. E. Kriegler, J. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Opt. Lett. 34, 2501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Kanda, K. Konishi, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Opt. Lett. 34, 3000 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, G. von Frymann, and M. Wegener, Adv. Mater. 21, 4680 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, Y.-S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 023901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 79, 121104(R) (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 9, 3016 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

2006

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 227401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Bai and L. Li, J. Opt. A 7, 783 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. B. Pendry, Science 306, 1353 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

T. Vallius, K. Jefimovs, J. Turunen, P. Vahimaa, and Y. Svirko, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 234 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, Y.

K. Konishi, M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Iwamoto, Y. Arakawa, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 057402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Azad, A. K.

J. Zhou, D. R. Chowdhury, R. Zhao, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, C. M. Soukoulis, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, Phys. Rev. B 86, 035448 (2012).

Bade, K.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bai, B.

B. Bai, J. Laukkanen, A. Lehmuskero, and J. Turunen, Phys. Rev. B 81, 115424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Konishi, B. Bai, X. Meng, P. Karvinen, J. Turunen, Y. Svirko, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Opt. Express 16, 7189 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Bai, Y. Svirko, J. Turunen, and T. Vallius, Phys. Rev. A 76, 023811 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Konishi, T. Sugimoto, B. Bai, Y. Svirko, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Opt. Express 15, 9575 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Bai and L. Li, J. Opt. A 7, 783 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barron, L.

L. Barron, Molecular Light Scattering and Optical Activity, 2nd ed. (Cambridge, 2004).

Bretner, I.

Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 9, 3016 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.-T.

J. Zhou, D. R. Chowdhury, R. Zhao, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, C. M. Soukoulis, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, Phys. Rev. B 86, 035448 (2012).

Chen, Y.

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 223113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, D. R.

J. Zhou, D. R. Chowdhury, R. Zhao, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, C. M. Soukoulis, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, Phys. Rev. B 86, 035448 (2012).

Decker, M.

Dong, J.

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 79, 121104(R) (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fedotov, V. A.

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 223113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gansel, J. K.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gorodetski, Y.

Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 9, 3016 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Grupp, D. E.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hasman, E.

Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 9, 3016 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ino, Y.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 227401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Iwamoto, S.

K. Konishi, M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Iwamoto, Y. Arakawa, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 057402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jefimovs, K.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 227401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Vallius, K. Jefimovs, J. Turunen, P. Vahimaa, and Y. Svirko, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 234 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kafesaki, M.

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 79, 121104(R) (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kanda, N.

Karvinen, P.

Kauranen, M.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 227401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Klein, M. W.

Kleiner, V.

Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 9, 3016 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Konishi, K.

Koschny, T.

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 79, 121104(R) (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kriegler, C. E.

Kumagai, N.

K. Konishi, M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Iwamoto, Y. Arakawa, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 057402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

Laukkanen, J.

B. Bai, J. Laukkanen, A. Lehmuskero, and J. Turunen, Phys. Rev. B 81, 115424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lehmuskero, A.

B. Bai, J. Laukkanen, A. Lehmuskero, and J. Turunen, Phys. Rev. B 81, 115424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

S. Zhang, Y.-S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 023901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

B. Bai and L. Li, J. Opt. A 7, 783 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Linden, S.

Lu, X.

S. Zhang, Y.-S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 023901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X.

Nomura, M.

K. Konishi, M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Iwamoto, Y. Arakawa, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 057402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O’Hara, J. F.

J. Zhou, D. R. Chowdhury, R. Zhao, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, C. M. Soukoulis, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, Phys. Rev. B 86, 035448 (2012).

Park, Y.-S.

S. Zhang, Y.-S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 023901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, Science 306, 1353 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Plum, E.

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 223113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rill, M. S.

M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, G. von Frymann, and M. Wegener, Adv. Mater. 21, 4680 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rogacheva, A. V.

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ruther, M.

Saile, V.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Saito, N.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 227401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schwanecke, A. S.

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 223113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shitrit, N.

Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 9, 3016 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

J. Zhou, D. R. Chowdhury, R. Zhao, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, C. M. Soukoulis, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, Phys. Rev. B 86, 035448 (2012).

M. Decker, R. Zhao, C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Opt. Lett. 35, 1593 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Decker, M. Ruther, C. E. Kriegler, J. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Opt. Lett. 34, 2501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 79, 121104(R) (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, T.

Svirko, Y.

K. Konishi, B. Bai, X. Meng, P. Karvinen, J. Turunen, Y. Svirko, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Opt. Express 16, 7189 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Bai, Y. Svirko, J. Turunen, and T. Vallius, Phys. Rev. A 76, 023811 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Konishi, T. Sugimoto, B. Bai, Y. Svirko, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Opt. Express 15, 9575 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 227401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Vallius, K. Jefimovs, J. Turunen, P. Vahimaa, and Y. Svirko, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 234 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

J. Zhou, D. R. Chowdhury, R. Zhao, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, C. M. Soukoulis, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, Phys. Rev. B 86, 035448 (2012).

Thiel, M.

M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, G. von Frymann, and M. Wegener, Adv. Mater. 21, 4680 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Thiel, G. von Frymann, and M. Wegener, Opt. Lett. 32, 2547 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Turunen, J.

B. Bai, J. Laukkanen, A. Lehmuskero, and J. Turunen, Phys. Rev. B 81, 115424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Konishi, B. Bai, X. Meng, P. Karvinen, J. Turunen, Y. Svirko, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Opt. Express 16, 7189 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Bai, Y. Svirko, J. Turunen, and T. Vallius, Phys. Rev. A 76, 023811 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 227401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Vallius, K. Jefimovs, J. Turunen, P. Vahimaa, and Y. Svirko, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 234 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vahimaa, P.

T. Vallius, K. Jefimovs, J. Turunen, P. Vahimaa, and Y. Svirko, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 234 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vallius, T.

B. Bai, Y. Svirko, J. Turunen, and T. Vallius, Phys. Rev. A 76, 023811 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 227401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Vallius, K. Jefimovs, J. Turunen, P. Vahimaa, and Y. Svirko, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 234 (2003).
[CrossRef]

von Freymann, G.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

von Frymann, G.

M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, G. von Frymann, and M. Wegener, Adv. Mater. 21, 4680 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Thiel, G. von Frymann, and M. Wegener, Opt. Lett. 32, 2547 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, B.

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 79, 121104(R) (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wegener, M.

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, Y.-S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 023901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scanning electron microscope images of the metal chiral nanostructures. Gray areas correspond to the gold thin film. (a) Left twisted, 600 nm period; (b) right twisted, 600 nm period; (c) left twisted, 800 nm period; and (d) right twisted, 800 nm period.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a),(e) Transmission, (b),(f) polarization azimuth rotation θ, and (c),(g) ellipticity η spectra for metal chiral structures with a 600 nm period (a)–(c) and a 800 nm period (e)–(g). The red and blue lines refer to the results obtained with the left- and right-twisted gammadions, respectively. (d) Polarization rotation spectrum with the opposite incidence to the left-twisted sample with a 600 nm period (see the text). In the top of the both graphs, the black thin lines correspond to the value of the left-hand side of Eq. (2), N=mx2+my2. The blue and red thin lines are the dispersion-relation curves for the air–metal and metal–substrate interfaces, respectively, which correspond to the value of the right-hand side of Eq. (2). The circles indicate the wavelengths of the surface plasmon resonance.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Calculated transmission, polarization rotation (θ), and ellipticity (η) spectra of the left-twisted samples with a period of 600 nm at normal incidence. The experimental data are also shown for comparison.

Equations (2)

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(ΔH)=(θη)+(AB)sin(2φ+C),
λmx2+my2=Lεdεmεd+εm,

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