Abstract

The 1D Y2SiO5: Ce3+, Yb3+ nanobelt phosphors and nanobelts-poly-ethylene vinyl acetate (poly-EVA) composite films were fabricated to explore spectral conversion materials for improving the conversion efficiency of c-Si solar cell. Scanning electron microscope, x-ray diffraction, photoluminescence excitation, photoluminescence (PL), transmission and decay curves were employed to characterize the structure, morphology, and optical properties. The nanobelt phosphor exhibits efficient ultraviolet (UV) absorption and gives intense near-infrared (NIR) emission. The UV to NIR downconversion process in Y2SiO5: Ce3+, Yb3+ nanobelts was investigated. More importantly, the thickness, transmission and PL spectra of nanobelts-poly-EVA films were also studied in detail. The NIR-emitting one-dimensional nanobelt-composite film may be applied as a promising spectral conversion layer for c-Si solar cell.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. M. Meijer, L. Aarts, B. M. van der Ende, T. J. H. Vlugt, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035107 (2010).
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2011 (2)

W. Xu, H. Song, D. Yan, H. Zhu, Y. Wang, S. Xu, X. Bai, B. Dong, and Y. Liu, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 12331 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Service, Science 332, 293 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

J. M. Meijer, L. Aarts, B. M. van der Ende, T. J. H. Vlugt, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035107 (2010).

J. J. Zhou, Y. Teng, G. Lin, X. Q. Xu, Z. J. Ma, and J. R. Qiu, J. Electrochem. Soc. 157, B1146 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (6)

Q. H. Zhang, J. Wang, G. G. Zhang, and Q. Su, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 7088 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. L. Wang, Z. Y. Hou, Z. W. Quan, C. X. Li, J. Yang, H. Z. Lian, P. P. Yang, and J. Lin, Inorg. Chem. 48, 6731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Liu, Y. Teng, Y. X. Zhuang, J. H. Xie, Y. B. Qiao, G. P. Dong, D. P. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, Opt. Lett. 34, 3565 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Adv. Mater. 21, 3073 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys 11, 11081 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Sivakov, G. Andrä, A. Gawlik, A. Berger, J. Plentz, F. Falk, and S. H. Christiansen, Nano Lett. 9, 1549 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, P. Huang, and F. Y. Weng, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 116105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

A. Meijerink, R. Wegh, P. Vergeer, and T. Vlugt, Opt. Mater. 28, 575 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. Campos, A. Denoyer, S. Jandl, B. Viana, D. Vivien, P. Loiseau, and B. Ferrand, J. Phys-Condens. Mat. 16, 4579 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

T. Trupke, M. A. Green, and P. Wurfel, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aarts, L.

J. M. Meijer, L. Aarts, B. M. van der Ende, T. J. H. Vlugt, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035107 (2010).

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Adv. Mater. 21, 3073 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys 11, 11081 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Andrä, G.

V. Sivakov, G. Andrä, A. Gawlik, A. Berger, J. Plentz, F. Falk, and S. H. Christiansen, Nano Lett. 9, 1549 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bai, X.

W. Xu, H. Song, D. Yan, H. Zhu, Y. Wang, S. Xu, X. Bai, B. Dong, and Y. Liu, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 12331 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Berger, A.

V. Sivakov, G. Andrä, A. Gawlik, A. Berger, J. Plentz, F. Falk, and S. H. Christiansen, Nano Lett. 9, 1549 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Campos, S.

S. Campos, A. Denoyer, S. Jandl, B. Viana, D. Vivien, P. Loiseau, and B. Ferrand, J. Phys-Condens. Mat. 16, 4579 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D. P.

Chen, D. Q.

D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, P. Huang, and F. Y. Weng, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 116105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Christiansen, S. H.

V. Sivakov, G. Andrä, A. Gawlik, A. Berger, J. Plentz, F. Falk, and S. H. Christiansen, Nano Lett. 9, 1549 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Denoyer, A.

S. Campos, A. Denoyer, S. Jandl, B. Viana, D. Vivien, P. Loiseau, and B. Ferrand, J. Phys-Condens. Mat. 16, 4579 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dong, B.

W. Xu, H. Song, D. Yan, H. Zhu, Y. Wang, S. Xu, X. Bai, B. Dong, and Y. Liu, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 12331 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dong, G. P.

Falk, F.

V. Sivakov, G. Andrä, A. Gawlik, A. Berger, J. Plentz, F. Falk, and S. H. Christiansen, Nano Lett. 9, 1549 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ferrand, B.

S. Campos, A. Denoyer, S. Jandl, B. Viana, D. Vivien, P. Loiseau, and B. Ferrand, J. Phys-Condens. Mat. 16, 4579 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gawlik, A.

V. Sivakov, G. Andrä, A. Gawlik, A. Berger, J. Plentz, F. Falk, and S. H. Christiansen, Nano Lett. 9, 1549 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Green, M. A.

T. Trupke, M. A. Green, and P. Wurfel, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hou, Z. Y.

L. L. Wang, Z. Y. Hou, Z. W. Quan, C. X. Li, J. Yang, H. Z. Lian, P. P. Yang, and J. Lin, Inorg. Chem. 48, 6731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, P.

D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, P. Huang, and F. Y. Weng, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 116105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jandl, S.

S. Campos, A. Denoyer, S. Jandl, B. Viana, D. Vivien, P. Loiseau, and B. Ferrand, J. Phys-Condens. Mat. 16, 4579 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, C. X.

L. L. Wang, Z. Y. Hou, Z. W. Quan, C. X. Li, J. Yang, H. Z. Lian, P. P. Yang, and J. Lin, Inorg. Chem. 48, 6731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lian, H. Z.

L. L. Wang, Z. Y. Hou, Z. W. Quan, C. X. Li, J. Yang, H. Z. Lian, P. P. Yang, and J. Lin, Inorg. Chem. 48, 6731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lin, G.

J. J. Zhou, Y. Teng, G. Lin, X. Q. Xu, Z. J. Ma, and J. R. Qiu, J. Electrochem. Soc. 157, B1146 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

L. L. Wang, Z. Y. Hou, Z. W. Quan, C. X. Li, J. Yang, H. Z. Lian, P. P. Yang, and J. Lin, Inorg. Chem. 48, 6731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. F.

Liu, Y.

W. Xu, H. Song, D. Yan, H. Zhu, Y. Wang, S. Xu, X. Bai, B. Dong, and Y. Liu, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 12331 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Loiseau, P.

S. Campos, A. Denoyer, S. Jandl, B. Viana, D. Vivien, P. Loiseau, and B. Ferrand, J. Phys-Condens. Mat. 16, 4579 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Z. J.

J. J. Zhou, Y. Teng, G. Lin, X. Q. Xu, Z. J. Ma, and J. R. Qiu, J. Electrochem. Soc. 157, B1146 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Meijer, J. M.

J. M. Meijer, L. Aarts, B. M. van der Ende, T. J. H. Vlugt, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035107 (2010).

Meijerink, A.

J. M. Meijer, L. Aarts, B. M. van der Ende, T. J. H. Vlugt, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035107 (2010).

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Adv. Mater. 21, 3073 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys 11, 11081 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Meijerink, R. Wegh, P. Vergeer, and T. Vlugt, Opt. Mater. 28, 575 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Plentz, J.

V. Sivakov, G. Andrä, A. Gawlik, A. Berger, J. Plentz, F. Falk, and S. H. Christiansen, Nano Lett. 9, 1549 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, Y. B.

Qiu, J. R.

J. J. Zhou, Y. Teng, G. Lin, X. Q. Xu, Z. J. Ma, and J. R. Qiu, J. Electrochem. Soc. 157, B1146 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Liu, Y. Teng, Y. X. Zhuang, J. H. Xie, Y. B. Qiao, G. P. Dong, D. P. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, Opt. Lett. 34, 3565 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Quan, Z. W.

L. L. Wang, Z. Y. Hou, Z. W. Quan, C. X. Li, J. Yang, H. Z. Lian, P. P. Yang, and J. Lin, Inorg. Chem. 48, 6731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Service, R. F.

R. F. Service, Science 332, 293 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sivakov, V.

V. Sivakov, G. Andrä, A. Gawlik, A. Berger, J. Plentz, F. Falk, and S. H. Christiansen, Nano Lett. 9, 1549 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Song, H.

W. Xu, H. Song, D. Yan, H. Zhu, Y. Wang, S. Xu, X. Bai, B. Dong, and Y. Liu, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 12331 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Su, Q.

Q. H. Zhang, J. Wang, G. G. Zhang, and Q. Su, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 7088 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Teng, Y.

J. J. Zhou, Y. Teng, G. Lin, X. Q. Xu, Z. J. Ma, and J. R. Qiu, J. Electrochem. Soc. 157, B1146 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Liu, Y. Teng, Y. X. Zhuang, J. H. Xie, Y. B. Qiao, G. P. Dong, D. P. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, Opt. Lett. 34, 3565 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Trupke, T.

T. Trupke, M. A. Green, and P. Wurfel, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

van der Ende, B. M.

J. M. Meijer, L. Aarts, B. M. van der Ende, T. J. H. Vlugt, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035107 (2010).

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Adv. Mater. 21, 3073 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys 11, 11081 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vergeer, P.

A. Meijerink, R. Wegh, P. Vergeer, and T. Vlugt, Opt. Mater. 28, 575 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Viana, B.

S. Campos, A. Denoyer, S. Jandl, B. Viana, D. Vivien, P. Loiseau, and B. Ferrand, J. Phys-Condens. Mat. 16, 4579 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vivien, D.

S. Campos, A. Denoyer, S. Jandl, B. Viana, D. Vivien, P. Loiseau, and B. Ferrand, J. Phys-Condens. Mat. 16, 4579 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vlugt, T.

A. Meijerink, R. Wegh, P. Vergeer, and T. Vlugt, Opt. Mater. 28, 575 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vlugt, T. J. H.

J. M. Meijer, L. Aarts, B. M. van der Ende, T. J. H. Vlugt, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035107 (2010).

Wang, J.

Q. H. Zhang, J. Wang, G. G. Zhang, and Q. Su, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 7088 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. L.

L. L. Wang, Z. Y. Hou, Z. W. Quan, C. X. Li, J. Yang, H. Z. Lian, P. P. Yang, and J. Lin, Inorg. Chem. 48, 6731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

W. Xu, H. Song, D. Yan, H. Zhu, Y. Wang, S. Xu, X. Bai, B. Dong, and Y. Liu, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 12331 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. S.

D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, P. Huang, and F. Y. Weng, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 116105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wegh, R.

A. Meijerink, R. Wegh, P. Vergeer, and T. Vlugt, Opt. Mater. 28, 575 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weng, F. Y.

D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, P. Huang, and F. Y. Weng, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 116105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wurfel, P.

T. Trupke, M. A. Green, and P. Wurfel, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xie, J. H.

Xu, S.

W. Xu, H. Song, D. Yan, H. Zhu, Y. Wang, S. Xu, X. Bai, B. Dong, and Y. Liu, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 12331 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W.

W. Xu, H. Song, D. Yan, H. Zhu, Y. Wang, S. Xu, X. Bai, B. Dong, and Y. Liu, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 12331 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X. Q.

J. J. Zhou, Y. Teng, G. Lin, X. Q. Xu, Z. J. Ma, and J. R. Qiu, J. Electrochem. Soc. 157, B1146 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yan, D.

W. Xu, H. Song, D. Yan, H. Zhu, Y. Wang, S. Xu, X. Bai, B. Dong, and Y. Liu, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 12331 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

L. L. Wang, Z. Y. Hou, Z. W. Quan, C. X. Li, J. Yang, H. Z. Lian, P. P. Yang, and J. Lin, Inorg. Chem. 48, 6731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, P. P.

L. L. Wang, Z. Y. Hou, Z. W. Quan, C. X. Li, J. Yang, H. Z. Lian, P. P. Yang, and J. Lin, Inorg. Chem. 48, 6731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y. L.

D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, P. Huang, and F. Y. Weng, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 116105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G. G.

Q. H. Zhang, J. Wang, G. G. Zhang, and Q. Su, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 7088 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. H.

Q. H. Zhang, J. Wang, G. G. Zhang, and Q. Su, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 7088 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J. J.

J. J. Zhou, Y. Teng, G. Lin, X. Q. Xu, Z. J. Ma, and J. R. Qiu, J. Electrochem. Soc. 157, B1146 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, H.

W. Xu, H. Song, D. Yan, H. Zhu, Y. Wang, S. Xu, X. Bai, B. Dong, and Y. Liu, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 12331 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhuang, Y. X.

Adv. Mater. (1)

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Adv. Mater. 21, 3073 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Inorg. Chem. (1)

L. L. Wang, Z. Y. Hou, Z. W. Quan, C. X. Li, J. Yang, H. Z. Lian, P. P. Yang, and J. Lin, Inorg. Chem. 48, 6731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, P. Huang, and F. Y. Weng, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 116105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Trupke, M. A. Green, and P. Wurfel, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (1)

J. J. Zhou, Y. Teng, G. Lin, X. Q. Xu, Z. J. Ma, and J. R. Qiu, J. Electrochem. Soc. 157, B1146 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. (2)

W. Xu, H. Song, D. Yan, H. Zhu, Y. Wang, S. Xu, X. Bai, B. Dong, and Y. Liu, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 12331 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. H. Zhang, J. Wang, G. G. Zhang, and Q. Su, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 7088 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys-Condens. Mat. (1)

S. Campos, A. Denoyer, S. Jandl, B. Viana, D. Vivien, P. Loiseau, and B. Ferrand, J. Phys-Condens. Mat. 16, 4579 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

V. Sivakov, G. Andrä, A. Gawlik, A. Berger, J. Plentz, F. Falk, and S. H. Christiansen, Nano Lett. 9, 1549 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

A. Meijerink, R. Wegh, P. Vergeer, and T. Vlugt, Opt. Mater. 28, 575 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys (1)

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys 11, 11081 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. M. Meijer, L. Aarts, B. M. van der Ende, T. J. H. Vlugt, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035107 (2010).

Science (1)

R. F. Service, Science 332, 293 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) XRD pattern and (b) and (c) SEM images of Y 1.88 SiO 5 : 3 % Ce 3 + , 3 % Yb 3 + nanobelts annealed at 900°C for 6 h.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Excitation and emission spectra of Y 1.88 SiO 5 : 3 % Ce 3 + , 3 % Yb 3 + nanobelts: (a) Visible, (b) NIR region, and (c) integrated emission intensity of Ce 3 + and Yb 3 + ions as a function of the concentration of Yb 3 + ions. Inset in (b): Schematic diagram for cooperative energy transfer (CET) from Ce 3 + to Yb 3 + ions.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dependences of decay curves, lifetime ( τ ), η CET and η QE of Y 1.94 y SiO 5 : 3 % Ce 3 + , y Yb 3 + nanobelts on the concentration of Yb 3 + ions ( λ ex = 360 nm , λ em = 431 nm ).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

SEM images of nanocomposite films: (a) cross section, (b) surface of pure poly-EVA film, (c) surface of 1.2 mg nanobelts composite film, (d) transmission spectra, and (e) photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra of nanocomposite films.

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