Abstract

Subchannel data updating of high-order modulation format signals using cascaded sum- and difference-frequency generation in a single periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide is demonstrated. One quadrature phase-shift-keying subchannel of a 16-quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) signal at 40Gbit/s is successfully updated, with an optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) penalty of 2dB for return-to-zero and 4dB for non-return-to-zero at a bit-error rate (BER) of 2×103. Simultaneous processing of four wavelength-multiplexed 16-QAM signals with an average OSNR penalty of 4.5 dB at a BER of 2×103 is also demonstrated.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2012 (1)

2011 (2)

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

1993 (1)

H. Tan, G. P. Banfi, and A. Tomaselli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2472 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

Aoki, Y.

Banfi, G. P.

H. Tan, G. P. Banfi, and A. Tomaselli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2472 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, S.

Fejer, M.

H. Huang, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, S. Khaleghi, M. Tur, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, and A. Willner, in CLEO: 2012 Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD)(Optical Society of America, 2012), paper CM2B.3.

Gnauck, A. H.

Huang, G.

Huang, H.

H. Huang, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, S. Khaleghi, M. Tur, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, and A. Willner, in CLEO: 2012 Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD)(Optical Society of America, 2012), paper CM2B.3.

X. Wu, J. Wang, H. Huang, and A. E. Willner, in CLEO: 2011—Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CThH4.

Karlsson, M.

Kataoka, N.

Khaleghi, S.

H. Huang, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, S. Khaleghi, M. Tur, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, and A. Willner, in CLEO: 2012 Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD)(Optical Society of America, 2012), paper CM2B.3.

Kitagawa, S.

Kitayama, K.

Kitayama, K.-I.

Langrock, C.

H. Huang, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, S. Khaleghi, M. Tur, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, and A. Willner, in CLEO: 2012 Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD)(Optical Society of America, 2012), paper CM2B.3.

Liu, X.

Lu, G.-W.

Lundström, C.

Maruta, A.

Mishina, K.

Miyata, H.

Miyazaki, T.

Miyoshi, Y.

Nakazawa, M.

T. Omiya, K. Toyoda, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2A.7.

Omiya, T.

T. Omiya, K. Toyoda, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2A.7.

Onaka, H.

Peckham, D. W.

Sone, K.

Tan, H.

H. Tan, G. P. Banfi, and A. Tomaselli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2472 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tipsuwannakul, E.

Tomaselli, A.

H. Tan, G. P. Banfi, and A. Tomaselli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2472 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Toyoda, K.

T. Omiya, K. Toyoda, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2A.7.

Tur, M.

H. Huang, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, S. Khaleghi, M. Tur, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, and A. Willner, in CLEO: 2012 Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD)(Optical Society of America, 2012), paper CM2B.3.

Wada, N.

Wang, J.

X. Wu, J. Wang, H. Huang, and A. E. Willner, in CLEO: 2011—Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CThH4.

Willner, A.

H. Huang, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, S. Khaleghi, M. Tur, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, and A. Willner, in CLEO: 2012 Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD)(Optical Society of America, 2012), paper CM2B.3.

Willner, A. E.

X. Wu, J. Wang, H. Huang, and A. E. Willner, in CLEO: 2011—Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CThH4.

Winzer, P. J.

Wu, X.

X. Wu, J. Wang, H. Huang, and A. E. Willner, in CLEO: 2011—Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CThH4.

H. Huang, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, S. Khaleghi, M. Tur, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, and A. Willner, in CLEO: 2012 Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD)(Optical Society of America, 2012), paper CM2B.3.

Yang, J.-Y.

H. Huang, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, S. Khaleghi, M. Tur, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, and A. Willner, in CLEO: 2012 Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD)(Optical Society of America, 2012), paper CM2B.3.

Yoshida, M.

T. Omiya, K. Toyoda, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2A.7.

Yoshida, Y.

Zhu, B.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Tan, G. P. Banfi, and A. Tomaselli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2472 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Opt. Express (2)

Other (3)

X. Wu, J. Wang, H. Huang, and A. E. Willner, in CLEO: 2011—Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CThH4.

T. Omiya, K. Toyoda, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2A.7.

H. Huang, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, S. Khaleghi, M. Tur, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, and A. Willner, in CLEO: 2012 Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD)(Optical Society of America, 2012), paper CM2B.3.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Concept and principle. (a) Concept of data erasing. (b) Concept of data updating. The symbols “plus” and “minus” indicate phase addition and subtraction, respectively. (c) Principle of data updating using cascaded ① SFG and ② DFG in a PPLN waveguide. QPM, quasi-phase matching; SFG/DFG, sum-/difference-frequency generation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup. LD, laser diode; PC, polarization controller; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; OC, optical coupler; BPF, band-pass filter; ODL, optical delay line; OSA, optical spectral analyzer; LO, local oscillator; ADC, analog-to-digital converter; DSP, digital signal processing.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical spectrum and constellations. (a)–(c) Back-to-back QPSK signals and NRZ 16-QAM signal. (d) Offset QPSK with the other subchannel erased. (e) Updated NRZ 16-QAM. (f) Updated RZ 16-QAM.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

BER performance as a function of the received OSNR.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) BER versus relative time offset among three input signals ( OSNR = 20 dB ). (b) Conversion efficiencies as functions of frequency spacing between pump a and pump b. ( λ c λ b = 1.6 nm )

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Optical spectral of WDM NRZ 16-QAM information updating and the constellations for each updated channel.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

BER performance as a function of the received OSNR for each WDM channel.

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