Abstract

In-fiber mode engineering based on the combination of Bragg and long-period gratings (LPGs) permits the implementation of noninterferometric transmission filters with narrow passbands using standard single-mode fiber. The design of the bandpass filter is based on the coupling between propagating and counterpropagating cladding modes in two fiber Bragg gratings. A LPG located between the Bragg gratings transfers power from the input fundamental mode to a specific cladding mode and recouples the filtered signal to the output fundamental mode. The filter produces a series of narrow passbands of about 30 pm linewidth with a maximum transmittance above 60%, 20 dB isolation, and passband separation of about 1 nm, each corresponding to the contribution of a different cladding mode.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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[CrossRef]

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Choi, S.

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[CrossRef]

Chung, W.-H.

Cruz, J. L.

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A. S. Belanov, E. M. Dianov, G. I. Ezhov, and A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 6, 43 (1976).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, S. A. Vasiliev, A. S. Kurkov, O. I. Medvedkov, and V. N. Protopopov, in ECOC ’96: 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 65–68.

Díez, A.

Eom, T. J.

S. Choi, T. J. Eom, Y. Jung, B. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, and K. Oh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Erdogan, T.

T. Erdogan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1760 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ezhov, G. I.

A. S. Belanov, E. M. Dianov, G. I. Ezhov, and A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 6, 43 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

D. S. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1590 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, Y.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Grubsky, V.

D. S. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1590 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Guan, B.-O.

Guo, F.

Han, M.

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Judkins, J. B.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jung, Y.

S. Choi, T. J. Eom, Y. Jung, B. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, and K. Oh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic, 1999).

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. Y.

Kurkov, A. S.

E. M. Dianov, S. A. Vasiliev, A. S. Kurkov, O. I. Medvedkov, and V. N. Protopopov, in ECOC ’96: 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 65–68.

Lee, B. H.

S. Choi, T. J. Eom, Y. Jung, B. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, and K. Oh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. W.

S. Choi, T. J. Eom, Y. Jung, B. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, and K. Oh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lemaire, P. J.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

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K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Medvedkov, O. I.

E. M. Dianov, S. A. Vasiliev, A. S. Kurkov, O. I. Medvedkov, and V. N. Protopopov, in ECOC ’96: 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 65–68.

Mosquera, L.

Oh, K.

S. Choi, T. J. Eom, Y. Jung, B. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, and K. Oh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Prokhorov, A. M.

A. S. Belanov, E. M. Dianov, G. I. Ezhov, and A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 6, 43 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Protopopov, V. N.

E. M. Dianov, S. A. Vasiliev, A. S. Kurkov, O. I. Medvedkov, and V. N. Protopopov, in ECOC ’96: 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 65–68.

Sáez-Rodríguez, D.

Shaw, H. J.

Shu, X.

Sipe, J. E.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Skinner, I.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Starodubov, D. S.

D. S. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1590 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H.-Y.

Tao, X.-M.

Torres-Peiró, S.

Vasiliev, S. A.

E. M. Dianov, S. A. Vasiliev, A. S. Kurkov, O. I. Medvedkov, and V. N. Protopopov, in ECOC ’96: 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 65–68.

Vengsarkar, A. M.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vineberg, K. A.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zalvidea, D.

Zhang, A.-P.

Zhang, L.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

D. S. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1590 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Choi, T. J. Eom, Y. Jung, B. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, and K. Oh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Sáez-Rodríguez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 152 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

X. Shu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 255 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. S. Belanov, E. M. Dianov, G. I. Ezhov, and A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 6, 43 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic, 1999).

E. M. Dianov, S. A. Vasiliev, A. S. Kurkov, O. I. Medvedkov, and V. N. Protopopov, in ECOC ’96: 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 65–68.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the filter and the couplings between modes.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectra of (a) single FBG and (b) LPG.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Wavelength response of the bandpass filter for temperatures of 30°C (top) and 40°C (bottom).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Top: wavelength of LP 09 + LP 09 resonant couplings versus FBG period (lines, theory; triangles, experiment) at (a) 30°C and (b) 40°C. Bottom: maximum (triangles) and minimum (squares) transmittance for each passband at (c) 30°C and (d) 40°C.

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