Abstract

We experimentally study the fluctuation properties of a scalar fourth-order modulation instability (MI) process obtained by pumping a photonic crystal fiber in the normal dispersion region. We observe large wavelength-dependent pulse-to-pulse fluctuations that cannot be significantly reduced by stimulating the process with a single seed. Their reduction requires two seeds slightly detuned from the maximum gain frequency in order to also stimulate the second-order MI process cascaded from the fourth-order one. This concept is validated by experiments and numerical simulations.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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2011 (1)

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

G. Genty and J. Dudley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1331 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Hammani, C. Finot, B. Kibler, and G. Millot, IEEE Photon. J. 1, 205 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

A. Kudlinski, V. Pureur, G. Bouwmans, and A. Mussot, Opt. Lett. 33, 2488 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Nature 450, 1054 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

1988 (1)

Barviau, B.

Biancalana, F.

Birks, T.

Bouwmans, G.

Cheung, K. K. Y.

Coen, S.

Dudley, J.

G. Genty and J. Dudley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1331 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Faldon, M. E.

Finot, C.

K. Hammani, C. Finot, B. Kibler, and G. Millot, IEEE Photon. J. 1, 205 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Genty, G.

G. Genty and J. Dudley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1331 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gouveia-Neto, A. S.

Hammani, K.

K. Hammani, C. Finot, B. Kibler, and G. Millot, IEEE Photon. J. 1, 205 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, J. D.

Héliot, L.

Jalali, B.

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Nature 450, 1054 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Joly, N.

Kibler, B.

K. Hammani, C. Finot, B. Kibler, and G. Millot, IEEE Photon. J. 1, 205 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J.

Knight, J. C.

Koonath, P.

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Nature 450, 1054 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kudlinski, A.

Leonhardt, R.

Leray, A.

Millot, G.

K. Hammani, C. Finot, B. Kibler, and G. Millot, IEEE Photon. J. 1, 205 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Pitois and G. Millot, Opt. Commun. 226, 415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mussot, A.

Pitois, S.

S. Pitois and G. Millot, Opt. Commun. 226, 415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pureur, V.

Quiquempois, Y.

Ropers, C.

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Nature 450, 1054 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

Solli, D. R.

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Nature 450, 1054 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Spriet, C.

Taylor, J. R.

Tsia, K. K.

Vanvincq, O.

Wadsworth, W.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wong, G. K. L.

Wong, K. K. Y.

Zhang, C.

Zhou, Y.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup. Inset: PCF cross section.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental results: (a) Spectrum out of a 2 m long PCF with no seed (blue curve), one CW seed centered at λS (green curve), and two seeds with a detuning of ±300GHz from λS (red curve). Inset: close up around λS with two seeds. (b), (c) Corresponding pulse-to-pulse fluctuations (b) around λAS, and (c) around λS.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Simulated spectra with no seed (blue curve), one seed (green curve), and two seeds (red curve). Right axis: computed dispersion curve. (b1)–(b3) Corresponding superposition of 200 shots around the Stokes band (black curves: average). (c) Calculated relative fluctuations.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a1)–(a3) Evolution of the spectrum versus fiber length around the Stokes band with (a1) no seed, (a2) one seed, and (a3) two seeds.

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