Abstract

We report on cascaded frequency conversion at the single-photon level, consisting of a downconversion from the red (738 nm) to a telecom band (1403 nm) and the reverse upconversion process in the same nonlinear crystal. Detecting the converted single photons suffers from a large noise floor. We were able to recover the signal by implementing a lock-in analyzer technique in the data postprocessing.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Barone, E. Calloni, L. DiFiore, A. Grado, L. Milano, and G. Russo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3697 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Restelli, R. Abbiati, and A. Geraci, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 093112 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Ma, O. Slattery, and X. Tang, Opt. Express 17, 14395 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Huang and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2153 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, Nat. Photonics 4, 786 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Tanzilli, A. Martin, F. Kaiser, M. P. De Micheli, O. Alibart, and D. B. Ostrowsky, Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 115 (2012) and references therein.
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. S. Pelc, C. Langrock, Q. Zhang, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 35, 2804 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, and C. Becher, Opt. Express 19, 12825 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. S. Pelc, L. Ma, C. R. Phillips, Q. Zhang, C. Langrock, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Express 19, 21445 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 33 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Simon, H. Tanji, S. Ghosh, and V. Vuletic, Nat. Phys. 3, 765 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. Neu, D. Steinmetz, J. Riedrich-Möller, S. Gsell, M. Fischer, M. Schreck, and C. Becher, New J. Phys. 13, 025012 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. A. Albota and F. N. C. Wong, Opt. Lett. 29, 1449 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Lunghi, E. Pomarico, C. Barreiro, D. Stucki, B. Sanguinetti, and H. Zbinden, “Advantages of gated silicon single photon detectors” (2012), http://arxiv.org/abs/1208.4205v1 .
  15. M. A. Albota, “Single-photon frequency upconversion for long-distance quantum teleportation and communication,” Ph.D. thesis (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2006).

2012 (1)

S. Tanzilli, A. Martin, F. Kaiser, M. P. De Micheli, O. Alibart, and D. B. Ostrowsky, Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 115 (2012) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

2011 (4)

E. Neu, D. Steinmetz, J. Riedrich-Möller, S. Gsell, M. Fischer, M. Schreck, and C. Becher, New J. Phys. 13, 025012 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, and C. Becher, Opt. Express 19, 12825 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Pelc, L. Ma, C. R. Phillips, Q. Zhang, C. Langrock, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Express 19, 21445 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 33 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

J. S. Pelc, C. Langrock, Q. Zhang, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 35, 2804 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, Nat. Photonics 4, 786 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

J. Simon, H. Tanji, S. Ghosh, and V. Vuletic, Nat. Phys. 3, 765 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

A. Restelli, R. Abbiati, and A. Geraci, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 093112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

1995 (1)

F. Barone, E. Calloni, L. DiFiore, A. Grado, L. Milano, and G. Russo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

J. Huang and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Abbiati, R.

A. Restelli, R. Abbiati, and A. Geraci, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 093112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Albota, M. A.

M. A. Albota and F. N. C. Wong, Opt. Lett. 29, 1449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Albota, “Single-photon frequency upconversion for long-distance quantum teleportation and communication,” Ph.D. thesis (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2006).

Alibart, O.

S. Tanzilli, A. Martin, F. Kaiser, M. P. De Micheli, O. Alibart, and D. B. Ostrowsky, Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 115 (2012) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Barone, F.

F. Barone, E. Calloni, L. DiFiore, A. Grado, L. Milano, and G. Russo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Becher, C.

S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, and C. Becher, Opt. Express 19, 12825 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Neu, D. Steinmetz, J. Riedrich-Möller, S. Gsell, M. Fischer, M. Schreck, and C. Becher, New J. Phys. 13, 025012 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Calloni, E.

F. Barone, E. Calloni, L. DiFiore, A. Grado, L. Milano, and G. Russo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

De Micheli, M. P.

S. Tanzilli, A. Martin, F. Kaiser, M. P. De Micheli, O. Alibart, and D. B. Ostrowsky, Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 115 (2012) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

de Riedmatten, H.

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 33 (2011).
[CrossRef]

DiFiore, L.

F. Barone, E. Calloni, L. DiFiore, A. Grado, L. Milano, and G. Russo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Fischer, M.

E. Neu, D. Steinmetz, J. Riedrich-Möller, S. Gsell, M. Fischer, M. Schreck, and C. Becher, New J. Phys. 13, 025012 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Geraci, A.

A. Restelli, R. Abbiati, and A. Geraci, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 093112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ghosh, S.

J. Simon, H. Tanji, S. Ghosh, and V. Vuletic, Nat. Phys. 3, 765 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 33 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Grado, A.

F. Barone, E. Calloni, L. DiFiore, A. Grado, L. Milano, and G. Russo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gsell, S.

E. Neu, D. Steinmetz, J. Riedrich-Möller, S. Gsell, M. Fischer, M. Schreck, and C. Becher, New J. Phys. 13, 025012 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J.

J. Huang and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, F.

S. Tanzilli, A. Martin, F. Kaiser, M. P. De Micheli, O. Alibart, and D. B. Ostrowsky, Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 115 (2012) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

J. Huang and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Langrock, C.

Lenhard, A.

Ma, L.

Martin, A.

S. Tanzilli, A. Martin, F. Kaiser, M. P. De Micheli, O. Alibart, and D. B. Ostrowsky, Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 115 (2012) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Milano, L.

F. Barone, E. Calloni, L. DiFiore, A. Grado, L. Milano, and G. Russo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Neu, E.

E. Neu, D. Steinmetz, J. Riedrich-Möller, S. Gsell, M. Fischer, M. Schreck, and C. Becher, New J. Phys. 13, 025012 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ostrowsky, D. B.

S. Tanzilli, A. Martin, F. Kaiser, M. P. De Micheli, O. Alibart, and D. B. Ostrowsky, Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 115 (2012) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Pelc, J. S.

Phillips, C. R.

Rakher, M. T.

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, Nat. Photonics 4, 786 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Restelli, A.

A. Restelli, R. Abbiati, and A. Geraci, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 093112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Riedrich-Möller, J.

E. Neu, D. Steinmetz, J. Riedrich-Möller, S. Gsell, M. Fischer, M. Schreck, and C. Becher, New J. Phys. 13, 025012 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Russo, G.

F. Barone, E. Calloni, L. DiFiore, A. Grado, L. Milano, and G. Russo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sangouard, N.

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 33 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schreck, M.

E. Neu, D. Steinmetz, J. Riedrich-Möller, S. Gsell, M. Fischer, M. Schreck, and C. Becher, New J. Phys. 13, 025012 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Simon, C.

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 33 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Simon, J.

J. Simon, H. Tanji, S. Ghosh, and V. Vuletic, Nat. Phys. 3, 765 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Slattery, O.

Srinivasan, K.

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, Nat. Photonics 4, 786 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Steinmetz, D.

E. Neu, D. Steinmetz, J. Riedrich-Möller, S. Gsell, M. Fischer, M. Schreck, and C. Becher, New J. Phys. 13, 025012 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tang, X.

Tanji, H.

J. Simon, H. Tanji, S. Ghosh, and V. Vuletic, Nat. Phys. 3, 765 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tanzilli, S.

S. Tanzilli, A. Martin, F. Kaiser, M. P. De Micheli, O. Alibart, and D. B. Ostrowsky, Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 115 (2012) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Vuletic, V.

J. Simon, H. Tanji, S. Ghosh, and V. Vuletic, Nat. Phys. 3, 765 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wong, F. N. C.

Zaske, S.

Zhang, Q.

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

S. Tanzilli, A. Martin, F. Kaiser, M. P. De Micheli, O. Alibart, and D. B. Ostrowsky, Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 115 (2012) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, Nat. Photonics 4, 786 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

J. Simon, H. Tanji, S. Ghosh, and V. Vuletic, Nat. Phys. 3, 765 (2007).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

E. Neu, D. Steinmetz, J. Riedrich-Möller, S. Gsell, M. Fischer, M. Schreck, and C. Becher, New J. Phys. 13, 025012 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Huang and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 33 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

F. Barone, E. Calloni, L. DiFiore, A. Grado, L. Milano, and G. Russo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Restelli, R. Abbiati, and A. Geraci, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 093112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

T. Lunghi, E. Pomarico, C. Barreiro, D. Stucki, B. Sanguinetti, and H. Zbinden, “Advantages of gated silicon single photon detectors” (2012), http://arxiv.org/abs/1208.4205v1 .

M. A. Albota, “Single-photon frequency upconversion for long-distance quantum teleportation and communication,” Ph.D. thesis (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2006).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scheme of the experimental setup for the frequency downconversion and upconversion. PBS, polarizing beam splitter; BS, beam splitter; BD, beam dump; DM, dichroic mirror; LP, long-pass filter; PZT, piezo transducer; BP, bandpass filter; PC, polarization control; HWP, half-wave plate; CW OPO, continuous wave optical parametric oscillator; WG, waveguide; SM, single mode.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Reconstructed count rate of the converted photons. Black dots, results of the LIA program; red (middle) line, best fit with theoretical curve Eq. (2); blue lines, expected count rates within error tolerance. (Inset) Total count rate on detector.

Equations (3)

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ηint(Pp)=sin2(ηnorPpL),
Iout(Pp)=Iin·ηint(Pp)·ηint(Pp·TF)·Tloss,
I(ti)=IAPD(ti)·sin(2πfreftiΘref).

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