Abstract

We demonstrate a whispering gallery optical parametric oscillator pumped at 488 nm wavelength. This millimeter-sized device has a pump threshold of 160 μW. The signal field is tunable between 707 and 865 nm wavelength and the idler field between 1120 and 1575 nm through temperature variation. Although the conversion efficiency is fundamentally limited to several percent because of absorption loss for the pump wave, the results provide evidence that such oscillators will be able to cover finally the entire visible range.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, Science 286, 1513 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 143903 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. V. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and Ch. Marquardt, “Accurate group delay measurement for radial velocity instruments using the dispersed fixed delay interferometer method,” arXiv 1204.3056 (2012).
  5. J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 113901 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. H. Jundt, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 135 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. R. Schwesyg, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. B 100, 109 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. Sturman and I. Breunig, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2465 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Seres, Appl. Phys. B 73, 705 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Savchenkov, V. Ilchenko, A. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. A 70, 051804 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. L. Gorodetsky and A. E. Fomin, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 33 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. L. Alexandrovski, G. Foulon, L. E. Myers, R. K. Route, and M. M. Fejer, Proc. SPIE 3610, 44 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J.-P. Meyn and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1214 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Chen, Y. Wang, B. Wu, K. Wu, W. Zeng, and L. Yu, Nature 373, 322 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

2011

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 143903 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 113901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Sturman and I. Breunig, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

J. R. Schwesyg, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. B 100, 109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2006

M. L. Gorodetsky and A. E. Fomin, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 33 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

A. Savchenkov, V. Ilchenko, A. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. A 70, 051804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

J. Seres, Appl. Phys. B 73, 705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, Science 286, 1513 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Alexandrovski, G. Foulon, L. E. Myers, R. K. Route, and M. M. Fejer, Proc. SPIE 3610, 44 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

1995

C. Chen, Y. Wang, B. Wu, K. Wu, W. Zeng, and L. Yu, Nature 373, 322 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1990

D. H. Jundt, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 135 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Aiello, A.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 113901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. V. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and Ch. Marquardt, “Accurate group delay measurement for radial velocity instruments using the dispersed fixed delay interferometer method,” arXiv 1204.3056 (2012).

Alexandrovski, A. L.

A. L. Alexandrovski, G. Foulon, L. E. Myers, R. K. Route, and M. M. Fejer, Proc. SPIE 3610, 44 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, U. L.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 113901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Beckmann, T.

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 143903 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Breunig, I.

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 143903 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Sturman and I. Breunig, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Buse, K.

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 143903 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Schwesyg, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. B 100, 109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

D. H. Jundt, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 135 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Chekhova, M. V.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. V. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and Ch. Marquardt, “Accurate group delay measurement for radial velocity instruments using the dispersed fixed delay interferometer method,” arXiv 1204.3056 (2012).

Chen, C.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, B. Wu, K. Wu, W. Zeng, and L. Yu, Nature 373, 322 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, M. H.

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, Science 286, 1513 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, Science 286, 1513 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Elser, D.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 113901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Falk, M.

J. R. Schwesyg, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. B 100, 109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

J. R. Schwesyg, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. B 100, 109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Alexandrovski, G. Foulon, L. E. Myers, R. K. Route, and M. M. Fejer, Proc. SPIE 3610, 44 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Meyn and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1214 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Jundt, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 135 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fomin, A. E.

M. L. Gorodetsky and A. E. Fomin, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 33 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Förtsch, M.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. V. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and Ch. Marquardt, “Accurate group delay measurement for radial velocity instruments using the dispersed fixed delay interferometer method,” arXiv 1204.3056 (2012).

Foulon, G.

A. L. Alexandrovski, G. Foulon, L. E. Myers, R. K. Route, and M. M. Fejer, Proc. SPIE 3610, 44 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fürst, J. U.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 113901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. V. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and Ch. Marquardt, “Accurate group delay measurement for radial velocity instruments using the dispersed fixed delay interferometer method,” arXiv 1204.3056 (2012).

Gorodetsky, M. L.

M. L. Gorodetsky and A. E. Fomin, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 33 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Haertle, D.

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 143903 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ilchenko, V.

A. Savchenkov, V. Ilchenko, A. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. A 70, 051804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jundt, D. H.

J. R. Schwesyg, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. B 100, 109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Jundt, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 135 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kajiyama, M. C. C.

J. R. Schwesyg, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. B 100, 109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leuchs, G.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 113901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. V. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and Ch. Marquardt, “Accurate group delay measurement for radial velocity instruments using the dispersed fixed delay interferometer method,” arXiv 1204.3056 (2012).

Linnenbank, H.

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 143903 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Maleki, L.

A. Savchenkov, V. Ilchenko, A. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. A 70, 051804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marquardt, Ch.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 113901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. V. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and Ch. Marquardt, “Accurate group delay measurement for radial velocity instruments using the dispersed fixed delay interferometer method,” arXiv 1204.3056 (2012).

Matsko, A.

A. Savchenkov, V. Ilchenko, A. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. A 70, 051804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J.-P.

Myers, L. E.

A. L. Alexandrovski, G. Foulon, L. E. Myers, R. K. Route, and M. M. Fejer, Proc. SPIE 3610, 44 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Route, R. K.

A. L. Alexandrovski, G. Foulon, L. E. Myers, R. K. Route, and M. M. Fejer, Proc. SPIE 3610, 44 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Savchenkov, A.

A. Savchenkov, V. Ilchenko, A. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. A 70, 051804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schwesyg, J. R.

J. R. Schwesyg, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. B 100, 109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Seres, J.

J. Seres, Appl. Phys. B 73, 705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Silberhorn, C.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. V. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and Ch. Marquardt, “Accurate group delay measurement for radial velocity instruments using the dispersed fixed delay interferometer method,” arXiv 1204.3056 (2012).

Steigerwald, H.

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 143903 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Strekalov, D. V.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 113901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. V. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and Ch. Marquardt, “Accurate group delay measurement for radial velocity instruments using the dispersed fixed delay interferometer method,” arXiv 1204.3056 (2012).

Sturman, B.

B. Sturman and I. Breunig, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 143903 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, B. Wu, K. Wu, W. Zeng, and L. Yu, Nature 373, 322 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wittmann, C.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. V. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and Ch. Marquardt, “Accurate group delay measurement for radial velocity instruments using the dispersed fixed delay interferometer method,” arXiv 1204.3056 (2012).

Wu, B.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, B. Wu, K. Wu, W. Zeng, and L. Yu, Nature 373, 322 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wu, K.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, B. Wu, K. Wu, W. Zeng, and L. Yu, Nature 373, 322 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yu, L.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, B. Wu, K. Wu, W. Zeng, and L. Yu, Nature 373, 322 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, W.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, B. Wu, K. Wu, W. Zeng, and L. Yu, Nature 373, 322 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

J. R. Schwesyg, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. B 100, 109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Seres, Appl. Phys. B 73, 705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

D. H. Jundt, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 135 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

M. L. Gorodetsky and A. E. Fomin, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 33 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nature

C. Chen, Y. Wang, B. Wu, K. Wu, W. Zeng, and L. Yu, Nature 373, 322 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

A. Savchenkov, V. Ilchenko, A. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. A 70, 051804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 143903 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 113901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

A. L. Alexandrovski, G. Foulon, L. E. Myers, R. K. Route, and M. M. Fejer, Proc. SPIE 3610, 44 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, Science 286, 1513 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. V. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and Ch. Marquardt, “Accurate group delay measurement for radial velocity instruments using the dispersed fixed delay interferometer method,” arXiv 1204.3056 (2012).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Illustration of the experimental setup: Pp, Pp*, and Ps represent powers of the pump wave at 488 nm, of its transmitted portion, and of the signal light, respectively. The inset shows a microscope picture of the resonator, whereas the arrow indicates the direction of the crystallographic z-axis.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transmitted pump power Pp* and signal power Ps as a function of the frequency shift of the pump laser at 40 °C resonator temperature.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Signal power Ps versus total pump power Pp and versus the fraction Pp˜ available for the parametric process at 40 °C resonator temperature. The dots are the experimental data, and the solid line corresponds to a fit according to Eq. (3).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Signal and idler wavelengths versus the resonator temperature. The solid and dashed curves correspond to theoretically expected values under the assumption of different transversal mode combinations sketched in the inset for pump (p), signal (s), and idler (i) waves. The curved line in the inset indicates the resonator rim.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δν=ν(1Qp+1Qc)=Δν0(rp+1),
κ=4QpQc(Qp+Qc)2=4rp(rp+1)2,
Ps=4(Pp˜/Pth1)Pth×λpλs(rp1+1)(rs1+1),
Pth=πε0c0np2ns2ni216d2λpVeff1QpQsQi×(rp+1)2(rs+1)(ri+1)rp.

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