Abstract

The generation of isolated attosecond pulses with high efficiency and high beam quality is essential for attosecond spectroscopy. We numerically investigate the supercontinuum generation in a neutral rare-gas medium driven by a two-color Bessel–Gauss beam. The results show that an efficient smooth supercontinuum in the plateau is obtained after propagation and the spatial profile of the generated attosecond pulse is Gaussian-like with the divergence angle of 0.1° in the far-field. This bright source with high beam quality is beneficial for detecting and controlling the microscopic processes on attosecond time scale.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, Nat. Photon. 4, 875 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. P. F. Lan, P. X. Lu, W. Cao, Y. H. Li, and X. L. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 76, 051801(R) (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. L. V. Dao, Khuong Ba Dinh, and Peter Hannaford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131114 (2009).
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    [CrossRef]
  15. M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).
  16. V. V. Strelkov, E. Mével, and E. Constant, New J. Phys. 10, 083040 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. L’Huillier, Ph. Balcou, S. Candel, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. A 46, 2778 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, Nat. Photon. 4, 875 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, P. Lu, Q. Li, and Q. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 34, 2102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. V. Dao, Khuong Ba Dinh, and Peter Hannaford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131114 (2009).

2008 (4)

V. V. Strelkov, E. Mével, and E. Constant, New J. Phys. 10, 083040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Gaarde, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, J. Phys. B 41, 132001 (2008).

A. Averchi, D. Faccio, R. Berlasso, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Auguste, O. Gobert, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. A 78, 033411 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 013001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Ph. Balcou, P. Saliéres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. L’Huillier, Ph. Balcou, S. Candel, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. A 46, 2778 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Ammosov, M. V.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Auguste, T.

Averchi, A.

A. Averchi, D. Faccio, R. Berlasso, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Balcou, Ph.

Ph. Balcou, P. Saliéres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. L’Huillier, Ph. Balcou, S. Candel, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. A 46, 2778 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Berlasso, R.

A. Averchi, D. Faccio, R. Berlasso, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boutu, W.

Calegari, F.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, Nat. Photon. 4, 875 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Candel, S.

A. L’Huillier, Ph. Balcou, S. Candel, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. A 46, 2778 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cao, W.

P. F. Lan, P. X. Lu, W. Cao, Y. H. Li, and X. L. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 76, 051801(R) (2007).

Carré, B.

Caumes, J. P.

Constant, E.

V. V. Strelkov, E. Mével, and E. Constant, New J. Phys. 10, 083040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Couairon, A.

A. Averchi, D. Faccio, R. Berlasso, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dao, L. V.

L. V. Dao, Khuong Ba Dinh, and Peter Hannaford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131114 (2009).

Delone, N. B.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Dinh, Khuong Ba

L. V. Dao, Khuong Ba Dinh, and Peter Hannaford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131114 (2009).

Faccio, D.

A. Averchi, D. Faccio, R. Berlasso, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, F.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, Nat. Photon. 4, 875 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gaarde, M. B.

M. B. Gaarde, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, J. Phys. B 41, 132001 (2008).

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 013001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gobert, O.

T. Auguste, O. Gobert, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. A 78, 033411 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gustafsson, E.

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 013001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hannaford, Peter

L. V. Dao, Khuong Ba Dinh, and Peter Hannaford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131114 (2009).

Hong, W.

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, M. Yu.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Johnsson, P.

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 013001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jullien, A.

Kobayashi, Y.

Kolesik, M.

A. Averchi, D. Faccio, R. Berlasso, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, K.

Krainov, V. P.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Krause, J. L.

K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, in Super-Intense Laser-Atom Physics, NATO ASI, Ser. B, Vol. 316 (Plenum Press, NY, 1993).

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kulander, K. C.

A. L’Huillier, Ph. Balcou, S. Candel, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. A 46, 2778 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, in Super-Intense Laser-Atom Physics, NATO ASI, Ser. B, Vol. 316 (Plenum Press, NY, 1993).

L’Huillier, A.

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 013001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Balcou, P. Saliéres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. L’Huillier, Ph. Balcou, S. Candel, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. A 46, 2778 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lan, P. F.

P. F. Lan, P. X. Lu, W. Cao, Y. H. Li, and X. L. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 76, 051801(R) (2007).

Leone, S. R.

Lewenstein, M.

Ph. Balcou, P. Saliéres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Li, Q.

Li, Y. H.

P. F. Lan, P. X. Lu, W. Cao, Y. H. Li, and X. L. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 76, 051801(R) (2007).

Lu, P.

Lu, P. X.

P. F. Lan, P. X. Lu, W. Cao, Y. H. Li, and X. L. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 76, 051801(R) (2007).

Lucchini, M.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, Nat. Photon. 4, 875 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mauritsson, J.

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 013001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Merdji, H.

Mével, E.

V. V. Strelkov, E. Mével, and E. Constant, New J. Phys. 10, 083040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J. V.

A. Averchi, D. Faccio, R. Berlasso, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nabekawa, Y.

Neumark, D. M.

Nisoli, M.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, Nat. Photon. 4, 875 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pfeifer, T.

Sagisaka, A.

Saliéres, P.

Ph. Balcou, P. Saliéres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, Nat. Photon. 4, 875 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schafer, K. J.

M. B. Gaarde, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, J. Phys. B 41, 132001 (2008).

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 013001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. L’Huillier, Ph. Balcou, S. Candel, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. A 46, 2778 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, in Super-Intense Laser-Atom Physics, NATO ASI, Ser. B, Vol. 316 (Plenum Press, NY, 1993).

Stagira, S.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, Nat. Photon. 4, 875 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Strelkov, V. V.

V. V. Strelkov, E. Mével, and E. Constant, New J. Phys. 10, 083040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tate, J. L.

M. B. Gaarde, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, J. Phys. B 41, 132001 (2008).

Trapani, P. D.

A. Averchi, D. Faccio, R. Berlasso, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vozzi, C.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, Nat. Photon. 4, 875 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. L.

P. F. Lan, P. X. Lu, W. Cao, Y. H. Li, and X. L. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 76, 051801(R) (2007).

Watanabe, S.

Zhang, Q.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. V. Dao, Khuong Ba Dinh, and Peter Hannaford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131114 (2009).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. B (1)

M. B. Gaarde, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, J. Phys. B 41, 132001 (2008).

Nat. Photon. (1)

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, Nat. Photon. 4, 875 (2010).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

V. V. Strelkov, E. Mével, and E. Constant, New J. Phys. 10, 083040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (6)

P. F. Lan, P. X. Lu, W. Cao, Y. H. Li, and X. L. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 76, 051801(R) (2007).

A. L’Huillier, Ph. Balcou, S. Candel, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. A 46, 2778 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Balcou, P. Saliéres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Averchi, D. Faccio, R. Berlasso, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Auguste, O. Gobert, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. A 78, 033411 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 013001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Other (1)

K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, in Super-Intense Laser-Atom Physics, NATO ASI, Ser. B, Vol. 316 (Plenum Press, NY, 1993).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Spatiotemporal intensity profile of the driving laser pulse and the ionization rate of helium.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) The on-axis harmonic spectra (in log scale for the y-axis) and (b) temporal profiles of the attosecond pulses. The intensities of the attosecond pulses are integrated along the beam section.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Phase mismatch amplitude |δk| (mm1) of the short path (a) and long path (b) for the thirty-sixth harmonic using the two-color BG beam.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The far-field spatial profiles of isolated attosecond pulses with different driving beams for the cases of two-color Gaussian beam and two-color Bessel–Gauss beam.

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