Abstract

A wideband laser phase noise reduction scheme is introduced where the optical field of a laser is single sideband modulated with an electrical signal containing the discriminated phase noise of the laser. The proof-of-concept experiments on a commercially available 1549 nm distributed feedback laser show linewidth reduction from 7.5 MHz to 1.8 kHz without using large optical cavity resonators. This feed-forward scheme performs wideband phase noise cancellation independent of the light source and, as such, it is compatible with the original laser source tunability without requiring tunable optical components. By placing the proposed phase noise reduction system after a commercial tunable laser, a tunable coherent light source with kilohertz linewidth over a tuning range of 1530–1570 nm is demonstrated.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. Inaba, A. Onae, Y. Akimoto, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1325 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C.-H. Shin and M. Ohtsu, Opt. Lett. 15, 1455 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Poulin, S. Ayotte, C. Latrasse, Y. Painchaud, J. F. Cliche, A. Babin, M. Aube, M. J. Picard, F. Costin, M. Têtu, and G. Lafrance, Proc. SPIE 7325, 73250O (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Kéfélian, H. Jiang, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, Opt. Lett. 34, 914 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Bagheri, F. Aflatouni, A. Imani, A. Goel, and H. Hashemi, Opt. Lett. 34, 2979 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Aflatouni, M. Bagheri, and H. Hashemi, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3290 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. M. Gardner, Phaselock Techniques (Wiley, 2005), Chap. 5.
  8. S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. C. D. Hobbs, Building Electro-Optical Systems (Wiley, 2000), Chap. 13.3.

2010 (1)

F. Aflatouni, M. Bagheri, and H. Hashemi, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3290 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

M. Poulin, S. Ayotte, C. Latrasse, Y. Painchaud, J. F. Cliche, A. Babin, M. Aube, M. J. Picard, F. Costin, M. Têtu, and G. Lafrance, Proc. SPIE 7325, 73250O (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Kéfélian, H. Jiang, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, Opt. Lett. 34, 914 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Bagheri, F. Aflatouni, A. Imani, A. Goel, and H. Hashemi, Opt. Lett. 34, 2979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H. Inaba, A. Onae, Y. Akimoto, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1325 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

Aflatouni, F.

F. Aflatouni, M. Bagheri, and H. Hashemi, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3290 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bagheri, F. Aflatouni, A. Imani, A. Goel, and H. Hashemi, Opt. Lett. 34, 2979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Akimoto, Y.

H. Inaba, A. Onae, Y. Akimoto, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1325 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aube, M.

M. Poulin, S. Ayotte, C. Latrasse, Y. Painchaud, J. F. Cliche, A. Babin, M. Aube, M. J. Picard, F. Costin, M. Têtu, and G. Lafrance, Proc. SPIE 7325, 73250O (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ayotte, S.

M. Poulin, S. Ayotte, C. Latrasse, Y. Painchaud, J. F. Cliche, A. Babin, M. Aube, M. J. Picard, F. Costin, M. Têtu, and G. Lafrance, Proc. SPIE 7325, 73250O (2009).
[CrossRef]

Babin, A.

M. Poulin, S. Ayotte, C. Latrasse, Y. Painchaud, J. F. Cliche, A. Babin, M. Aube, M. J. Picard, F. Costin, M. Têtu, and G. Lafrance, Proc. SPIE 7325, 73250O (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bagheri, M.

F. Aflatouni, M. Bagheri, and H. Hashemi, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3290 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bagheri, F. Aflatouni, A. Imani, A. Goel, and H. Hashemi, Opt. Lett. 34, 2979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cliche, J. F.

M. Poulin, S. Ayotte, C. Latrasse, Y. Painchaud, J. F. Cliche, A. Babin, M. Aube, M. J. Picard, F. Costin, M. Têtu, and G. Lafrance, Proc. SPIE 7325, 73250O (2009).
[CrossRef]

Costin, F.

M. Poulin, S. Ayotte, C. Latrasse, Y. Painchaud, J. F. Cliche, A. Babin, M. Aube, M. J. Picard, F. Costin, M. Têtu, and G. Lafrance, Proc. SPIE 7325, 73250O (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gardner, F. M.

F. M. Gardner, Phaselock Techniques (Wiley, 2005), Chap. 5.

Goel, A.

Hashemi, H.

F. Aflatouni, M. Bagheri, and H. Hashemi, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3290 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bagheri, F. Aflatouni, A. Imani, A. Goel, and H. Hashemi, Opt. Lett. 34, 2979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hobbs, P. C. D.

P. C. D. Hobbs, Building Electro-Optical Systems (Wiley, 2000), Chap. 13.3.

Imani, A.

Inaba, H.

H. Inaba, A. Onae, Y. Akimoto, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1325 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Izutsu, M.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

Kawanishi, T.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kéfélian, F.

Komukai, T.

H. Inaba, A. Onae, Y. Akimoto, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1325 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kubodera, K.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lafrance, G.

M. Poulin, S. Ayotte, C. Latrasse, Y. Painchaud, J. F. Cliche, A. Babin, M. Aube, M. J. Picard, F. Costin, M. Têtu, and G. Lafrance, Proc. SPIE 7325, 73250O (2009).
[CrossRef]

Latrasse, C.

M. Poulin, S. Ayotte, C. Latrasse, Y. Painchaud, J. F. Cliche, A. Babin, M. Aube, M. J. Picard, F. Costin, M. Têtu, and G. Lafrance, Proc. SPIE 7325, 73250O (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lemonde, P.

Mitsugi, N.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

H. Inaba, A. Onae, Y. Akimoto, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1325 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

Oikawa, S.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Onae, A.

H. Inaba, A. Onae, Y. Akimoto, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1325 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Painchaud, Y.

M. Poulin, S. Ayotte, C. Latrasse, Y. Painchaud, J. F. Cliche, A. Babin, M. Aube, M. J. Picard, F. Costin, M. Têtu, and G. Lafrance, Proc. SPIE 7325, 73250O (2009).
[CrossRef]

Picard, M. J.

M. Poulin, S. Ayotte, C. Latrasse, Y. Painchaud, J. F. Cliche, A. Babin, M. Aube, M. J. Picard, F. Costin, M. Têtu, and G. Lafrance, Proc. SPIE 7325, 73250O (2009).
[CrossRef]

Poulin, M.

M. Poulin, S. Ayotte, C. Latrasse, Y. Painchaud, J. F. Cliche, A. Babin, M. Aube, M. J. Picard, F. Costin, M. Têtu, and G. Lafrance, Proc. SPIE 7325, 73250O (2009).
[CrossRef]

Saitou, T.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Santarelli, G.

Shimotsu, S.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shin, C.-H.

Têtu, M.

M. Poulin, S. Ayotte, C. Latrasse, Y. Painchaud, J. F. Cliche, A. Babin, M. Aube, M. J. Picard, F. Costin, M. Têtu, and G. Lafrance, Proc. SPIE 7325, 73250O (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Inaba, A. Onae, Y. Akimoto, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1325 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

F. Aflatouni, M. Bagheri, and H. Hashemi, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3290 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. Poulin, S. Ayotte, C. Latrasse, Y. Painchaud, J. F. Cliche, A. Babin, M. Aube, M. J. Picard, F. Costin, M. Têtu, and G. Lafrance, Proc. SPIE 7325, 73250O (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

F. M. Gardner, Phaselock Techniques (Wiley, 2005), Chap. 5.

P. C. D. Hobbs, Building Electro-Optical Systems (Wiley, 2000), Chap. 13.3.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Diagram of the phase noise cancellation scheme.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) SSB modulation concept, (b) the electro-optical SSB modulator block diagram, and (c) graphical representation of the SSB action.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Benchtop phase noise cancellation scheme, (b) the measured heterodyne spectrum of the laser before and after phase noise cancellation and its zoomed-in version (the inset), (c) the measured and calculated effect of the MZI delay on the minimum achievable linewidth (the calculation is based on 37pA/Hz input referred current noise of electronic circuitry dominating the photodiode shot noise and the laser intensity noise after balanced detection), and (d) the measured highly tunable linewidth reduction capability of the proposed phase noise cancellation scheme.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

iac(t)=R2I0cos(ω0τ+ϕ(t)ϕ(tτ))R2I0τddtϕ(t),
VRF(t)=Acos(ωet+ϕe(t)+KVCOVctrl(t)dt)=Acos(ωet+ϕe(t)+KVCOKR2I0τdϕdtdt),
Eo(t)=A2jIo[ej[(ω0+ωe)t+2ϕ(t)+ϕe]undesired+ej[(ω0ωe)t+ϕe]]desired.
CcanceledCe+(2RI0τ)2in2¯,

Metrics