Abstract

We report the fabrication and characterization of a dual-wavelength distributed-feedback channel waveguide laser in ytterbium-doped aluminum oxide. Operation of the device is based on the optical resonances that are induced by two local phase shifts in the distributed-feedback structure. A stable microwave signal at 15GHz with a 3dB width of 9 kHz was subsequently created via the heterodyne photodetection of the two laser wavelengths. The long-term frequency stability of the microwave signal produced by the free-running laser is better than ±2.5MHz, while the power of the microwave signal is stable within ±0.35dB.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011 (1)

2010 (5)

2009 (2)

J. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Wörhoff, J. D. B. Bradley, F. Ay, D. Geskus, T. P. Blauwendraat, and M. Pollnau, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 454 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

J. D. B. Bradley, F. Ay, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, Appl. Phys. B 89, 311 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photon. 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Price, V. B. Verma, K. E. Tobin, V. C. Elarde, and J. J. Coleman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1610 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

A. J. Seeds and K. J. Williams, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4628 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Sun, Y. Dai, Y. Zhang, X. Chen, and S. Xie, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2493 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

1987 (1)

1985 (1)

D. Lenstra, B. Verbeek, and A. Den Boef, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 674 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Agazzi, L.

Amon, A.

Andrés, M. V.

G. E. Villanueva, P. Pérez-Millán, J. Palací, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, and J. Martí, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 254 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ay, F.

L. Agazzi, J. D. B. Bradley, M. Dijkstra, F. Ay, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, Opt. Express 18, 27703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. D. B. Bradley, L. Agazzi, D. Geskus, F. Ay, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Wörhoff, J. D. B. Bradley, F. Ay, D. Geskus, T. P. Blauwendraat, and M. Pollnau, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 454 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. D. B. Bradley, F. Ay, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, Appl. Phys. B 89, 311 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

Baggen, R.

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, W. Beeker, B. Noharet, J. Verpoorte, and R. Baggen, in Future Aeronautical Communications, S. Plass, ed. (InTech, 2011), pp. 201–222.

Beeker, W.

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, W. Beeker, B. Noharet, J. Verpoorte, and R. Baggen, in Future Aeronautical Communications, S. Plass, ed. (InTech, 2011), pp. 201–222.

Bentum, M. J.

Bernhardi, E. H.

Blauwendraat, T. P.

K. Wörhoff, J. D. B. Bradley, F. Ay, D. Geskus, T. P. Blauwendraat, and M. Pollnau, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 454 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, J. D. B.

L. Agazzi, J. D. B. Bradley, M. Dijkstra, F. Ay, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, Opt. Express 18, 27703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. D. B. Bradley, L. Agazzi, D. Geskus, F. Ay, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Wörhoff, J. D. B. Bradley, F. Ay, D. Geskus, T. P. Blauwendraat, and M. Pollnau, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 454 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. D. B. Bradley, F. Ay, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, Appl. Phys. B 89, 311 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brunel, M.

Burla, M.

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photon. 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

J. Sun, Y. Dai, Y. Zhang, X. Chen, and S. Xie, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2493 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Coleman, J. J.

R. K. Price, V. B. Verma, K. E. Tobin, V. C. Elarde, and J. J. Coleman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1610 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, J. L.

G. E. Villanueva, P. Pérez-Millán, J. Palací, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, and J. Martí, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 254 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dai, Y.

J. Sun, Y. Dai, Y. Zhang, X. Chen, and S. Xie, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2493 (2006).
[CrossRef]

de Ridder, R. M.

Den Boef, A.

D. Lenstra, B. Verbeek, and A. Den Boef, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 674 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Dijkstra, M.

Elarde, V. C.

R. K. Price, V. B. Verma, K. E. Tobin, V. C. Elarde, and J. J. Coleman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1610 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Geskus, D.

J. D. B. Bradley, L. Agazzi, D. Geskus, F. Ay, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Wörhoff, J. D. B. Bradley, F. Ay, D. Geskus, T. P. Blauwendraat, and M. Pollnau, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 454 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hulzinga, A.

Jorna, P.

Khan, M. R. H.

Lenstra, D.

D. Lenstra, B. Verbeek, and A. Den Boef, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 674 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Marpaung, D.

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, W. Beeker, B. Noharet, J. Verpoorte, and R. Baggen, in Future Aeronautical Communications, S. Plass, ed. (InTech, 2011), pp. 201–222.

Marpaung, D. A. I.

Martí, J.

G. E. Villanueva, P. Pérez-Millán, J. Palací, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, and J. Martí, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 254 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Meijerink, A.

Meijerink, R.

Noharet, B.

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, W. Beeker, B. Noharet, J. Verpoorte, and R. Baggen, in Future Aeronautical Communications, S. Plass, ed. (InTech, 2011), pp. 201–222.

Novak, D.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photon. 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Palací, J.

G. E. Villanueva, P. Pérez-Millán, J. Palací, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, and J. Martí, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 254 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pérez-Millán, P.

G. E. Villanueva, P. Pérez-Millán, J. Palací, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, and J. Martí, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 254 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pollnau, M.

Price, R. K.

R. K. Price, V. B. Verma, K. E. Tobin, V. C. Elarde, and J. J. Coleman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1610 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Roelkens, G.

Roeloffzen, C.

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, W. Beeker, B. Noharet, J. Verpoorte, and R. Baggen, in Future Aeronautical Communications, S. Plass, ed. (InTech, 2011), pp. 201–222.

Roeloffzen, C. G. H.

Sakuda, K.

Seeds, A. J.

Sun, J.

J. Sun, Y. Dai, Y. Zhang, X. Chen, and S. Xie, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2493 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tobin, K. E.

R. K. Price, V. B. Verma, K. E. Tobin, V. C. Elarde, and J. J. Coleman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1610 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vallet, M.

van Etten, W.

van Wolferen, H. A. G. M.

Verbeek, B.

D. Lenstra, B. Verbeek, and A. Den Boef, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 674 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Verma, V. B.

R. K. Price, V. B. Verma, K. E. Tobin, V. C. Elarde, and J. J. Coleman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1610 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Verpoorte, J.

A. Meijerink, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. Meijerink, L. Zhuang, D. A. I. Marpaung, M. J. Bentum, M. Burla, J. Verpoorte, P. Jorna, A. Hulzinga, and W. van Etten, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, W. Beeker, B. Noharet, J. Verpoorte, and R. Baggen, in Future Aeronautical Communications, S. Plass, ed. (InTech, 2011), pp. 201–222.

Villanueva, G. E.

G. E. Villanueva, P. Pérez-Millán, J. Palací, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, and J. Martí, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 254 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Williams, K. J.

Wörhoff, K.

Xie, S.

J. Sun, Y. Dai, Y. Zhang, X. Chen, and S. Xie, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2493 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

Yao, J.

Zhang, Y.

J. Sun, Y. Dai, Y. Zhang, X. Chen, and S. Xie, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2493 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhuang, L.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. D. B. Bradley, F. Ay, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, Appl. Phys. B 89, 311 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

D. Lenstra, B. Verbeek, and A. Den Boef, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 674 (1985).
[CrossRef]

K. Wörhoff, J. D. B. Bradley, F. Ay, D. Geskus, T. P. Blauwendraat, and M. Pollnau, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 454 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J. Sun, Y. Dai, Y. Zhang, X. Chen, and S. Xie, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2493 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Price, V. B. Verma, K. E. Tobin, V. C. Elarde, and J. J. Coleman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1610 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Villanueva, P. Pérez-Millán, J. Palací, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, and J. Martí, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 254 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photon. (1)

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photon. 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (1)

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, W. Beeker, B. Noharet, J. Verpoorte, and R. Baggen, in Future Aeronautical Communications, S. Plass, ed. (InTech, 2011), pp. 201–222.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the dual-wavelength DFB cavity, along with the calculated longitudinal field distribution of the two respective laser wavelengths.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Electrical spectrum of the microwave beat signal centered at 15.0426 GHz measured with a resolution bandwidth of 50 kHz. The inset shows the same signal on a linear power scale.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured frequency stability of the microwave signal during a period of (a) 45 min and (b) 10 ms, where the standard deviation of the center frequency was ±2.5MHz and ±40kHz, respectively (indicated by the gray shaded regions).

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