Abstract

We exploit the properties of ultranarrow, Fano-like resonances generated by the coupling of long range surface plasmons with ultrathin (10nm), metallic, subwavelength gratings embedded in a nonlinear, cubic material to obtain all-optical switching at telecommunication wavelengths for extremely low input power. We provide an example of a silver metallic grating embedded in a chalcogenide glass (As2S3), and we show the concrete possibility to achieve all-optical switching at local field intensities compatible with the photo-darkening threshold of the material.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011

2010

A. E. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and Y. S. Kivshar, Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 2257 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Luk’yanchuck, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, Nat. Mat. 9, 707 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Duan, D. Winston, J. K. W. Yang, B. M. Cord, V. R. Manfrinato, and K. K. Berggren, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 28, C6 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Maaroof and D. S. Sutherland, J. Phys. D 43, 405301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2007

2003

N. Hô, J. M. Laniel, R. Valée, and A. Villeneuve, Opt. Lett. 28, 965 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Okamoto, K. Kakutani, T. Yoshizaki, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, Sur. Sci. 544, 67 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1986

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, and T. Tamir, Phys. Rev. B 33, 5186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Hickernell and D. Sarid, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1059 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985

1983

1982

G. I. Stegeman, J. J. Burke, and D. G. Hall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 906 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981

D. Sarid, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1927 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1961

U. Fano, Phys. Rev. 124, 1866 (1961).
[CrossRef]

1902

R. W. Wood, Philos. Mag. 4, 396 (1902).

Alu’, A.

Baker, N. J.

Berggren, K. K.

H. Duan, D. Winston, J. K. W. Yang, B. M. Cord, V. R. Manfrinato, and K. K. Berggren, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 28, C6 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bloemer, M. J.

Burke, J. J.

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, and T. Tamir, Phys. Rev. B 33, 5186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Stegeman, J. J. Burke, and D. G. Hall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 906 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Choi, D. Y.

Chong, C. T.

B. Luk’yanchuck, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, Nat. Mat. 9, 707 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cord, B. M.

H. Duan, D. Winston, J. K. W. Yang, B. M. Cord, V. R. Manfrinato, and K. K. Berggren, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 28, C6 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D’Aguanno, G.

de Ceglia, D.

Duan, H.

H. Duan, D. Winston, J. K. W. Yang, B. M. Cord, V. R. Manfrinato, and K. K. Berggren, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 28, C6 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Fano, U.

U. Fano, Phys. Rev. 124, 1866 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Finsterbusch, K.

Flach, S.

A. E. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and Y. S. Kivshar, Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 2257 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fu, L.

Fukui, M.

T. Okamoto, K. Kakutani, T. Yoshizaki, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, Sur. Sci. 544, 67 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

B. Luk’yanchuck, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, Nat. Mat. 9, 707 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Halas, N. J.

B. Luk’yanchuck, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, Nat. Mat. 9, 707 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hall, D. G.

G. I. Stegeman, J. J. Burke, and D. G. Hall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 906 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Haraguchi, M.

T. Okamoto, K. Kakutani, T. Yoshizaki, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, Sur. Sci. 544, 67 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hickernell, R. K.

Hô, N.

Kakutani, K.

T. Okamoto, K. Kakutani, T. Yoshizaki, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, Sur. Sci. 544, 67 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y. S.

A. E. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and Y. S. Kivshar, Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 2257 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Koster, A.

Lamont, M. R. E.

Laniel, J. M.

Luk’yanchuck, B.

B. Luk’yanchuck, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, Nat. Mat. 9, 707 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davis, B.

Maaroof, A. I.

A. I. Maaroof and D. S. Sutherland, J. Phys. D 43, 405301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Madden, S.

Maier, S. A.

B. Luk’yanchuck, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, Nat. Mat. 9, 707 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Manfrinato, V. R.

H. Duan, D. Winston, J. K. W. Yang, B. M. Cord, V. R. Manfrinato, and K. K. Berggren, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 28, C6 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mattiucci, N.

Miroshnichenko, A. E.

A. E. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and Y. S. Kivshar, Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 2257 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moss, D. J.

Neviere, M.

Nguyen, H. C.

Nordlander, P.

B. Luk’yanchuck, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, Nat. Mat. 9, 707 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, T.

T. Okamoto, K. Kakutani, T. Yoshizaki, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, Sur. Sci. 544, 67 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids(Academic, 1991).

Paraire, N.

Quail, J. C.

Raether, H.

H. Raether, in Springer Tracts (Modern Physics, 1988).

Rako, J. G.

Reinisch, R.

Sarid, D.

Simon, H. J.

Stegeman, G. I.

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, and T. Tamir, Phys. Rev. B 33, 5186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Stegeman, J. J. Burke, and D. G. Hall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 906 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Sutherland, D. S.

A. I. Maaroof and D. S. Sutherland, J. Phys. D 43, 405301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ta’eed, V.

Tamir, T.

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, and T. Tamir, Phys. Rev. B 33, 5186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Valée, R.

Vicent, P.

Villeneuve, A.

Vincenti, M. A.

Winston, D.

H. Duan, D. Winston, J. K. W. Yang, B. M. Cord, V. R. Manfrinato, and K. K. Berggren, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 28, C6 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wood, R. W.

R. W. Wood, Philos. Mag. 4, 396 (1902).

Yang, J. K. W.

H. Duan, D. Winston, J. K. W. Yang, B. M. Cord, V. R. Manfrinato, and K. K. Berggren, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 28, C6 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yoshizaki, T.

T. Okamoto, K. Kakutani, T. Yoshizaki, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, Sur. Sci. 544, 67 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zheludev, N. I.

B. Luk’yanchuck, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, Nat. Mat. 9, 707 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

G. I. Stegeman, J. J. Burke, and D. G. Hall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 906 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. D

A. I. Maaroof and D. S. Sutherland, J. Phys. D 43, 405301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B

H. Duan, D. Winston, J. K. W. Yang, B. M. Cord, V. R. Manfrinato, and K. K. Berggren, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 28, C6 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mat.

B. Luk’yanchuck, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, Nat. Mat. 9, 707 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Philos. Mag.

R. W. Wood, Philos. Mag. 4, 396 (1902).

Phys. Rev.

U. Fano, Phys. Rev. 124, 1866 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, and T. Tamir, Phys. Rev. B 33, 5186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

G. D’Aguanno, N. Mattiucci, A. Alu’, and M. J. Bloemer, Phys. Rev. B 83, 035426 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

D. Sarid, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1927 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

A. E. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and Y. S. Kivshar, Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 2257 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sur. Sci.

T. Okamoto, K. Kakutani, T. Yoshizaki, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, Sur. Sci. 544, 67 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids(Academic, 1991).

H. Raether, in Springer Tracts (Modern Physics, 1988).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Geometry: Ag grating having thickness d, period Λ and slit aperture a, embedded in As2S3. We consider an electromagnetic wave, TM-polarized incident on the grating at a generic angle ϑ. (b) Effective index (left y-axis) and propagation distance (right y-axis) versus wavelength for a LRSP propagating along a 10 nm, homogeneous, Ag layer embedded in As2S3.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Dispersion in the plane (λ,ϑ) for the LRSP coupled with the first reciprocal lattice vector of the grating with d=10nm and Λ=384nm. The dispersion has been calculated according to Eq. (1). (b) Reflection (R) from the structure described in Fig. 1(a) with d=10nm, Λ=384nm, and a=240nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Linear Fano resonance at λ=1.55μm and ϑ=43°. The marks on the curve indicate the operative wavelengths for the calculation reported in Fig. 3(b). (b) Nonlinear reflection versus input intensity (Iin) at different incident wavelengths as reported in Fig. 3(a). (c) Field localization normalized to the incident field at λ=1.5504μm in a region very close to the metal grating as detailed in the main text.

Equations (1)

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k0,x=|±kLRSPmG|,m=0,1,2,...

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