Abstract

Self-diffraction with the appearance of higher diffraction orders is discovered when writing a grating with a single sub-100 fs pulse in a nominally undoped Sn2P2S6 sample. The short time of grating development, dependence of diffraction efficiency on the recording light intensity, correlation of wavelength dependence of efficiency with the spectrum of the two-photon absorption (TPA) constant, and a π phase shift of the diffracted beam allow for attributing the recorded grating to a dynamic amplitude grating of TPA.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Grabar, M. Jazbinsek, A. Shumelyuk, Yu. Vysochanskii, G. Momtemezzani, and P. Günter, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications 2, P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007), pp. 327–362.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. We use these notations to distinguish between “Bragg” orders (two recording beams being Bragg-matched to the fundamental grating with the grating vector K=k1−k2) and two adjacent, “non-Bragg”, orders (i.e., violating Bragg condition for fundamental grating K). Note, that the recording beams are not Bragg-matched for the grating with the doubled spatial frequency 2K, which also occurs under two-photon excitation.
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    [CrossRef]

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

Z. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Xu, Q. Wu, H. Qiao, B. Tang, R. Rupp, Y. Kong, S. Chen, Z. Huang, B. Li, S. Liu, and L. Zhang, Chinese Phys. Lett. 22, 2831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1981 (1)

R. Grousson and S. G. Odoulov, Opt. Commun. 39, 219 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

Bach, T.

Badorreck, H.

Beyer, O.

Brüning,

Burckhardt, C. B.

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic, 1971).

Buse, K.

Chen, S.

Z. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Xu, Q. Wu, H. Qiao, B. Tang, R. Rupp, Y. Kong, S. Chen, Z. Huang, B. Li, S. Liu, and L. Zhang, Chinese Phys. Lett. 22, 2831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Collier, R. J.

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic, 1971).

Conradi, D.

Crimmins, T. F.

Dieckmann, V.

Grabar, A.

A. Grabar, M. Jazbinsek, A. Shumelyuk, Yu. Vysochanskii, G. Momtemezzani, and P. Günter, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications 2, P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007), pp. 327–362.

Grousson, R.

R. Grousson and S. G. Odoulov, Opt. Commun. 39, 219 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Gunter, P.

Günter, P.

A. Grabar, M. Jazbinsek, A. Shumelyuk, Yu. Vysochanskii, G. Momtemezzani, and P. Günter, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications 2, P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007), pp. 327–362.

Hardt, R.-S.

Huang, Z.

Z. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Xu, Q. Wu, H. Qiao, B. Tang, R. Rupp, Y. Kong, S. Chen, Z. Huang, B. Li, S. Liu, and L. Zhang, Chinese Phys. Lett. 22, 2831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Imlau, M.

Ito, D.

Md. M. Kabir, D. Ito, Y. Oichi, and F. Kannari, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 102702 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jazbinsek, M.

T. Bach, K. Nawata, M. Jazbinsek, T. Omatsu, and P. Gunter, Opt. Express 18, 87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Grabar, M. Jazbinsek, A. Shumelyuk, Yu. Vysochanskii, G. Momtemezzani, and P. Günter, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications 2, P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007), pp. 327–362.

Kabir, Md. M.

Md. M. Kabir, D. Ito, Y. Oichi, and F. Kannari, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 102702 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kannari, F.

Md. M. Kabir, D. Ito, Y. Oichi, and F. Kannari, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 102702 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kong, Y.

Z. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Xu, Q. Wu, H. Qiao, B. Tang, R. Rupp, Y. Kong, S. Chen, Z. Huang, B. Li, S. Liu, and L. Zhang, Chinese Phys. Lett. 22, 2831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, B.

Z. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Xu, Q. Wu, H. Qiao, B. Tang, R. Rupp, Y. Kong, S. Chen, Z. Huang, B. Li, S. Liu, and L. Zhang, Chinese Phys. Lett. 22, 2831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, L. H.

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic, 1971).

Liu, S.

Z. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Xu, Q. Wu, H. Qiao, B. Tang, R. Rupp, Y. Kong, S. Chen, Z. Huang, B. Li, S. Liu, and L. Zhang, Chinese Phys. Lett. 22, 2831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Maxein, D.

Maznev, A. A.

Merschjann, C.

Moharam, M. G.

Momtemezzani, G.

A. Grabar, M. Jazbinsek, A. Shumelyuk, Yu. Vysochanskii, G. Momtemezzani, and P. Günter, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications 2, P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007), pp. 327–362.

Nawata, K.

Nelson, K. A.

Odoulov, S. G.

R. Grousson and S. G. Odoulov, Opt. Commun. 39, 219 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Oichi, Y.

Md. M. Kabir, D. Ito, Y. Oichi, and F. Kannari, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 102702 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Omatsu, T.

Qiao, H.

Z. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Xu, Q. Wu, H. Qiao, B. Tang, R. Rupp, Y. Kong, S. Chen, Z. Huang, B. Li, S. Liu, and L. Zhang, Chinese Phys. Lett. 22, 2831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rupp, R.

Z. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Xu, Q. Wu, H. Qiao, B. Tang, R. Rupp, Y. Kong, S. Chen, Z. Huang, B. Li, S. Liu, and L. Zhang, Chinese Phys. Lett. 22, 2831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schoke, B.

Shumelyuk, A.

M. Imlau, V. Dieckmann, H. Badorreck, and A. Shumelyuk, Opt. Mater. Express 1, 953 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Grabar, M. Jazbinsek, A. Shumelyuk, Yu. Vysochanskii, G. Momtemezzani, and P. Günter, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications 2, P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007), pp. 327–362.

Sturman, B.

Tang, B.

Z. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Xu, Q. Wu, H. Qiao, B. Tang, R. Rupp, Y. Kong, S. Chen, Z. Huang, B. Li, S. Liu, and L. Zhang, Chinese Phys. Lett. 22, 2831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vysochanskii, Yu.

A. Grabar, M. Jazbinsek, A. Shumelyuk, Yu. Vysochanskii, G. Momtemezzani, and P. Günter, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications 2, P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007), pp. 327–362.

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Xu, Q. Wu, H. Qiao, B. Tang, R. Rupp, Y. Kong, S. Chen, Z. Huang, B. Li, S. Liu, and L. Zhang, Chinese Phys. Lett. 22, 2831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q.

Z. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Xu, Q. Wu, H. Qiao, B. Tang, R. Rupp, Y. Kong, S. Chen, Z. Huang, B. Li, S. Liu, and L. Zhang, Chinese Phys. Lett. 22, 2831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Z. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Xu, Q. Wu, H. Qiao, B. Tang, R. Rupp, Y. Kong, S. Chen, Z. Huang, B. Li, S. Liu, and L. Zhang, Chinese Phys. Lett. 22, 2831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Young, L.

Zhang, L.

Z. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Xu, Q. Wu, H. Qiao, B. Tang, R. Rupp, Y. Kong, S. Chen, Z. Huang, B. Li, S. Liu, and L. Zhang, Chinese Phys. Lett. 22, 2831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Z. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Xu, Q. Wu, H. Qiao, B. Tang, R. Rupp, Y. Kong, S. Chen, Z. Huang, B. Li, S. Liu, and L. Zhang, Chinese Phys. Lett. 22, 2831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Chinese Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Xu, Q. Wu, H. Qiao, B. Tang, R. Rupp, Y. Kong, S. Chen, Z. Huang, B. Li, S. Liu, and L. Zhang, Chinese Phys. Lett. 22, 2831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Md. M. Kabir, D. Ito, Y. Oichi, and F. Kannari, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 102702 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. Grousson and S. G. Odoulov, Opt. Commun. 39, 219 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Other (3)

We use these notations to distinguish between “Bragg” orders (two recording beams being Bragg-matched to the fundamental grating with the grating vector K=k1−k2) and two adjacent, “non-Bragg”, orders (i.e., violating Bragg condition for fundamental grating K). Note, that the recording beams are not Bragg-matched for the grating with the doubled spatial frequency 2K, which also occurs under two-photon excitation.

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic, 1971).

A. Grabar, M. Jazbinsek, A. Shumelyuk, Yu. Vysochanskii, G. Momtemezzani, and P. Günter, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications 2, P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007), pp. 327–362.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Sketch of the experimental setup with the telescope lenses L i , amplitude masks AM i , sample SPS, CCD line array, and Ronchi ruling RR.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Intensity dependence of the diffraction efficiency for the recording wavelengths 600 nm (crosses), 630 nm (open dots), 650 nm (filled squares), 670 nm (open squares), 710 nm (triangles), 740 nm (filled dots), and 770 nm (diamonds). Solid lines are drawn to guide the eye.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Diffraction efficiency of the dynamic grating in the 6.5 mm thick SPS sample versus recording wavelength for a fixed recording intensity of 1 GW / cm 2 . Solid line is drawn to guide the eye.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Intensity scan of the fringe pattern from the two recording light beams (dashed line) and from the recording and non-Bragg diffracted beams (solid line). (a) Grating recording and simultaneous readout with 75 ps light pulses at λ = 650 nm in the 6.5 mm thick SPS sample. (b) Grating recording and readout with cw He–Ne laser light ( λ = 630 nm ) in a 0.5 mm thick SPS sample.

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