Abstract

We demonstrate a nonlinear optical filter with ultranarrow bandwidth in cesium vapor. The optical filter operates on the 6S1/27P3/2 transition at 455 nm. The single peak transmission at the 6S1/2, F=47P3/2, F=5 transition is 9.7% with a bandwidth of 6.2 MHz, whereas at the 6S1/2, F=37P3/2, F=2, 3 (cross-over) transition is 6.1% with a bandwidth of 3.9 MHz. The bandwidth approaching the natural linewidth is improved at least two orders of magnitude compared with conventional Faraday anomalous dispersion optical filters. This technique can also be applied to other alkali atoms.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Tang, Q. Wang, Y. Li, L. Zhang, J. Gan, M. Duan, J. Kong, and L. Zheng, Appl. Opt. 34, 2619 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Höffner and C. Fricke-Begemann, Opt. Lett. 30, 890 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Popescu and T. Walther, Appl. Phys. 98, 667 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, B. M. Nielsen, H. Takahashi, A. I. Vistnes, and E. S. Polzik, Opt. Express 15, 7940 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. X. Miao, L. Yin, W. Zhuang, B. Luo, A. Dang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 086106 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Yin and T. M. Shay, Opt. Lett. 16, 1617 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Menders, P. Searcy, K. Roff, and Eric Korevaar, Opt. Lett. 17, 1388 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. J. Dick and T. M. Shay, Opt. Lett. 16, 867 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Hu, X. Sun, X. Zeng, Y. Peng, J. Tang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, and L. Zheng, Opt. Commun. 101, 175 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Yin and T. M. Shay, Opt. Commun. 94, 30 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  11. E. T. Dressler, A. E. Laux, and R. I. Billmers, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1849 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. D. Harrell, C. Y. She, T. Yuan, D. A. Krueger, H. Chen, S. S. Chen, and Z. L. Hu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 659 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. Chen, C. Y. She, P. Searcy, and E. Korevaar, Opt. Lett. 18, 1019 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. C. Chan and J. Gelbwachs, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2379 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. K. Gayen, R. I. Billmers, V. M. Contarino, M. F. Squicciarini, W. J. Scharpf, G. Yang, P. R. Herczfeld, and D. M. Allocca, Opt. Lett. 20, 1427 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Wieman, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1170 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. L. Harris, C. S. Adams, S. L. Cornish, I. C. McLeod, E. Tarleton, and I. G. Hughes, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062509 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. L. D. Turner, V. Karaganov, P. J. O. Teubner, and R. E. Scholten, Opt. Lett. 27, 500 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Cerè, V. Parigi, M. Abad, F. Wolfgramm, A. Predojević, and M. W. Mitchell, Opt. Lett. 34, 1012 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Wu, and P. Yuan, Opt. Commun. 285, 1181 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. T. Schultz, S. Abend, D. Döring, J. E. Debs, P. A. Altin, J. D. White, N. P. Robins, and J. D. Close, Opt. Lett. 34, 2321 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2012

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Wu, and P. Yuan, Opt. Commun. 285, 1181 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

X. Miao, L. Yin, W. Zhuang, B. Luo, A. Dang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 086106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

A. Popescu and T. Walther, Appl. Phys. 98, 667 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2007

2006

M. L. Harris, C. S. Adams, S. L. Cornish, I. C. McLeod, E. Tarleton, and I. G. Hughes, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2002

1996

1995

1993

H. Chen, C. Y. She, P. Searcy, and E. Korevaar, Opt. Lett. 18, 1019 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Chan and J. Gelbwachs, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2379 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, X. Sun, X. Zeng, Y. Peng, J. Tang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, and L. Zheng, Opt. Commun. 101, 175 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

1991

1976

C. Wieman, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1170 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Abad, M.

Abend, S.

Adams, C. S.

M. L. Harris, C. S. Adams, S. L. Cornish, I. C. McLeod, E. Tarleton, and I. G. Hughes, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Allocca, D. M.

Altin, P. A.

Billmers, R. I.

Cerè, A.

Chan, Y. C.

Y. C. Chan and J. Gelbwachs, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2379 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Chen, J.

X. Miao, L. Yin, W. Zhuang, B. Luo, A. Dang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 086106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S. S.

Close, J. D.

Contarino, V. M.

Cornish, S. L.

M. L. Harris, C. S. Adams, S. L. Cornish, I. C. McLeod, E. Tarleton, and I. G. Hughes, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dang, A.

X. Miao, L. Yin, W. Zhuang, B. Luo, A. Dang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 086106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Debs, J. E.

Dick, D. J.

Döring, D.

Dressler, E. T.

Duan, M.

Fricke-Begemann, C.

Gan, J.

Gayen, S. K.

Gelbwachs, J.

Y. C. Chan and J. Gelbwachs, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2379 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Guo, H.

X. Miao, L. Yin, W. Zhuang, B. Luo, A. Dang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 086106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

C. Wieman, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1170 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Harrell, S. D.

Harris, M. L.

M. L. Harris, C. S. Adams, S. L. Cornish, I. C. McLeod, E. Tarleton, and I. G. Hughes, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Herczfeld, P. R.

Höffner, J.

Hu, Z.

Z. Hu, X. Sun, X. Zeng, Y. Peng, J. Tang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, and L. Zheng, Opt. Commun. 101, 175 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Z. L.

Hughes, I. G.

M. L. Harris, C. S. Adams, S. L. Cornish, I. C. McLeod, E. Tarleton, and I. G. Hughes, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Karaganov, V.

Kong, J.

Korevaar, E.

Korevaar, Eric

Krueger, D. A.

Laux, A. E.

Li, Y.

Liu, S.

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Wu, and P. Yuan, Opt. Commun. 285, 1181 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Luo, B.

X. Miao, L. Yin, W. Zhuang, B. Luo, A. Dang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 086106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

McLeod, I. C.

M. L. Harris, C. S. Adams, S. L. Cornish, I. C. McLeod, E. Tarleton, and I. G. Hughes, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Menders, J.

Miao, X.

X. Miao, L. Yin, W. Zhuang, B. Luo, A. Dang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 086106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, M. W.

Neergaard-Nielsen, J. S.

Nielsen, B. M.

Parigi, V.

Peng, Y.

Z. Hu, X. Sun, X. Zeng, Y. Peng, J. Tang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, and L. Zheng, Opt. Commun. 101, 175 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Polzik, E. S.

Popescu, A.

A. Popescu and T. Walther, Appl. Phys. 98, 667 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Predojevic, A.

Robins, N. P.

Roff, K.

Scharpf, W. J.

Scholten, R. E.

Schultz, J. T.

Searcy, P.

Shay, T. M.

She, C. Y.

Squicciarini, M. F.

Sun, X.

Z. Hu, X. Sun, X. Zeng, Y. Peng, J. Tang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, and L. Zheng, Opt. Commun. 101, 175 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

Tang, J.

J. Tang, Q. Wang, Y. Li, L. Zhang, J. Gan, M. Duan, J. Kong, and L. Zheng, Appl. Opt. 34, 2619 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, X. Sun, X. Zeng, Y. Peng, J. Tang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, and L. Zheng, Opt. Commun. 101, 175 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tarleton, E.

M. L. Harris, C. S. Adams, S. L. Cornish, I. C. McLeod, E. Tarleton, and I. G. Hughes, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Teubner, P. J. O.

Turner, L. D.

Vistnes, A. I.

Walther, T.

A. Popescu and T. Walther, Appl. Phys. 98, 667 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

J. Tang, Q. Wang, Y. Li, L. Zhang, J. Gan, M. Duan, J. Kong, and L. Zheng, Appl. Opt. 34, 2619 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, X. Sun, X. Zeng, Y. Peng, J. Tang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, and L. Zheng, Opt. Commun. 101, 175 (1993).
[CrossRef]

White, J. D.

Wieman, C.

C. Wieman, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1170 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Wolfgramm, F.

Wu, H.

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Wu, and P. Yuan, Opt. Commun. 285, 1181 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, G.

Yin, B.

B. Yin and T. M. Shay, Opt. Commun. 94, 30 (1992).
[CrossRef]

B. Yin and T. M. Shay, Opt. Lett. 16, 1617 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yin, L.

X. Miao, L. Yin, W. Zhuang, B. Luo, A. Dang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 086106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, P.

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Wu, and P. Yuan, Opt. Commun. 285, 1181 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, T.

Zeng, X.

Z. Hu, X. Sun, X. Zeng, Y. Peng, J. Tang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, and L. Zheng, Opt. Commun. 101, 175 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

J. Tang, Q. Wang, Y. Li, L. Zhang, J. Gan, M. Duan, J. Kong, and L. Zheng, Appl. Opt. 34, 2619 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, X. Sun, X. Zeng, Y. Peng, J. Tang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, and L. Zheng, Opt. Commun. 101, 175 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Wu, and P. Yuan, Opt. Commun. 285, 1181 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, L.

J. Tang, Q. Wang, Y. Li, L. Zhang, J. Gan, M. Duan, J. Kong, and L. Zheng, Appl. Opt. 34, 2619 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, X. Sun, X. Zeng, Y. Peng, J. Tang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, and L. Zheng, Opt. Commun. 101, 175 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhuang, W.

X. Miao, L. Yin, W. Zhuang, B. Luo, A. Dang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 086106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys.

A. Popescu and T. Walther, Appl. Phys. 98, 667 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Y. C. Chan and J. Gelbwachs, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2379 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Wu, and P. Yuan, Opt. Commun. 285, 1181 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, X. Sun, X. Zeng, Y. Peng, J. Tang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, and L. Zheng, Opt. Commun. 101, 175 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. Yin and T. M. Shay, Opt. Commun. 94, 30 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

M. L. Harris, C. S. Adams, S. L. Cornish, I. C. McLeod, E. Tarleton, and I. G. Hughes, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

C. Wieman, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1170 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

X. Miao, L. Yin, W. Zhuang, B. Luo, A. Dang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 086106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Relevant Cs energy levels. (b) Experimental schematics. ECDL, 455 nm external cavity diode laser; BS, beam splitter; G, Glan–Taylor prism; HWP, half-wave plate; NDF, neutral density filter; M, high reflection mirror for 455 nm. H, permanent magnet. PBS, polarization beam splitter. HD, pinhole diaphragm; PD, photodiode.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transmitted spectra of 6S1/27P3/2 transition with magnetic field and pumping laser (solid blue). Transmitted spectra with zero magnetic field (solid circle). Transmitted spectra with no pump and no magnetic field (cross). The upper curve is a reference saturated spectroscopy signal collected by PD1 under the same condition as the transmitted signal represented by the solid line. (a) 6S1/2, F=47P3/2, F=3, 4, 5 transitions at 4 Gauss and 140 °C with pump intensity 30mW/cm2. (b) 6S1/2, F=37P3/2, F=2, 3, 4 transitions at 5 Gauss and 110 °C with pump intensity 32mW/cm2.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dependence of transmission of F=4F=5 transition (dashed curve) and F=3F=2, 3 transition (solid curve) on the (a) temperature, (b) pump intensity, and (c) magnetic field.

Metrics