Abstract

Continuous wave laser operation at 1.87 μm of liquid-phase epitaxially (LPE) grown Tm3+-doped YLiF4 (Tm:YLF) layers is demonstrated. The waveguide laser delivers 560 mW by pumping with a Ti:Sapphire laser at 780 nm leading to an efficiency of 76% with respect to the absorbed pump power. This constitutes the first Tm3+-doped crystalline fluoride waveguide laser ever demonstrated as well as a record in efficiency and output power for an LPE grown waveguide laser operating in the 2 μm spectral range.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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2012 (1)

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

J. Xiong, H. Y. Peng, P. Hu, Y. Hang, and L. Zhang, J. Phys. D 43, 185402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

M. Schellhorn, Appl. Phys. B 91, 71 (2008), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

S. Renard, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Couchaud, and B. Ferrand, Opt. Mater. 28, 1298 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

E. Cantelar, J. A. Sanz-García, G. Lifante, F. Cussó, and P. L. Pernas, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 37, 898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

J. Hulliger, P. Rogin, and R. Burkhalter, Laser Phys. 8, 764 (1998).

L. Douysset-Bloch, B. Ferrand, M. Couchaud, L. Fulbert, M. F. Joubert, G. Chadeyron, and B. Jacquier, J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 67 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 142, 239 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. P. de Sandro, J. K. Jones, D. P. Shepherd, M. Hempstead, J. Wang, and A. C. Tropper, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 209 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

Aguiló, M.

Ams, M.

Aravazhi, S.

Beach, R. J.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 37, 898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bolaños, W.

Borca, C. N.

Borel, C.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 142, 239 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Burkhalter, R.

J. Hulliger, P. Rogin, and R. Burkhalter, Laser Phys. 8, 764 (1998).

Camy, P.

S. Renard, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Couchaud, and B. Ferrand, Opt. Mater. 28, 1298 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cantelar, E.

Carvajal, J. J.

Chadeyron, G.

L. Douysset-Bloch, B. Ferrand, M. Couchaud, L. Fulbert, M. F. Joubert, G. Chadeyron, and B. Jacquier, J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 67 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chambaz, B.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 142, 239 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Couchaud, M.

S. Renard, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Couchaud, and B. Ferrand, Opt. Mater. 28, 1298 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Douysset-Bloch, B. Ferrand, M. Couchaud, L. Fulbert, M. F. Joubert, G. Chadeyron, and B. Jacquier, J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 67 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cussó, F.

E. Cantelar, J. A. Sanz-García, G. Lifante, F. Cussó, and P. L. Pernas, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

de Sandro, J. P.

J. P. de Sandro, J. K. Jones, D. P. Shepherd, M. Hempstead, J. Wang, and A. C. Tropper, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 209 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Denoeud, A.

Dherbecourt, J. B.

Díaz, F.

Doualan, J. L.

S. Renard, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Couchaud, and B. Ferrand, Opt. Mater. 28, 1298 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Douysset-Bloch, L.

L. Douysset-Bloch, B. Ferrand, M. Couchaud, L. Fulbert, M. F. Joubert, G. Chadeyron, and B. Jacquier, J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 67 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Ferrand, B.

S. Renard, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Couchaud, and B. Ferrand, Opt. Mater. 28, 1298 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Douysset-Bloch, B. Ferrand, M. Couchaud, L. Fulbert, M. F. Joubert, G. Chadeyron, and B. Jacquier, J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 67 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 142, 239 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fuerbach, A.

Fuhrberg, P.

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, B. Pal, ed. (InTech, 2010), pp. 471–500.

Fulbert, L.

L. Douysset-Bloch, B. Ferrand, M. Couchaud, L. Fulbert, M. F. Joubert, G. Chadeyron, and B. Jacquier, J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 67 (1998).
[CrossRef]

García-Blanco, S. M.

Gardillou, F.

Godard, A.

Griebner, U.

Grivas, C.

Gross, S.

Hang, Y.

J. Xiong, H. Y. Peng, P. Hu, Y. Hang, and L. Zhang, J. Phys. D 43, 185402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 142, 239 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hempstead, M.

J. P. de Sandro, J. K. Jones, D. P. Shepherd, M. Hempstead, J. Wang, and A. C. Tropper, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 209 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hu, P.

J. Xiong, H. Y. Peng, P. Hu, Y. Hang, and L. Zhang, J. Phys. D 43, 185402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hulliger, J.

J. Hulliger, P. Rogin, and R. Burkhalter, Laser Phys. 8, 764 (1998).

Jacquier, B.

L. Douysset-Bloch, B. Ferrand, M. Couchaud, L. Fulbert, M. F. Joubert, G. Chadeyron, and B. Jacquier, J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 67 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jones, J. K.

J. P. de Sandro, J. K. Jones, D. P. Shepherd, M. Hempstead, J. Wang, and A. C. Tropper, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 209 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Joubert, M. F.

L. Douysset-Bloch, B. Ferrand, M. Couchaud, L. Fulbert, M. F. Joubert, G. Chadeyron, and B. Jacquier, J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 67 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Koopmann, P.

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, B. Pal, ed. (InTech, 2010), pp. 471–500.

Kuan, K.

Lamrini, S.

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, B. Pal, ed. (InTech, 2010), pp. 471–500.

Lancaster, D. G.

Lefèbvre, M.

Lifante, G.

Mackenzie, J. I.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 37, 898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mateos, X.

Meissner, H. E.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 37, 898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Melkonian, J. M.

Mitchell, S. C.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 37, 898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

S. Renard, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Couchaud, and B. Ferrand, Opt. Mater. 28, 1298 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T. M.

Murugan, G. S.

Panyutin, V. L.

Peng, H. Y.

J. Xiong, H. Y. Peng, P. Hu, Y. Hang, and L. Zhang, J. Phys. D 43, 185402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pernas, P. L.

E. Cantelar, J. A. Sanz-García, G. Lifante, F. Cussó, and P. L. Pernas, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

Pollnau, M.

Rameix, A.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 142, 239 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Raybaud, M.

Renard, S.

S. Renard, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Couchaud, and B. Ferrand, Opt. Mater. 28, 1298 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rivier, S.

Rogin, P.

J. Hulliger, P. Rogin, and R. Burkhalter, Laser Phys. 8, 764 (1998).

Romanyuk, Y. E.

Rosencher, E.

Sanz-García, J. A.

E. Cantelar, J. A. Sanz-García, G. Lifante, F. Cussó, and P. L. Pernas, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schellhorn, M.

M. Schellhorn, Appl. Phys. B 91, 71 (2008), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Scholle, K.

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, B. Pal, ed. (InTech, 2010), pp. 471–500.

Shepherd, D. P.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 37, 898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 142, 239 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. P. de Sandro, J. K. Jones, D. P. Shepherd, M. Hempstead, J. Wang, and A. C. Tropper, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 209 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tien, P. K.

Tropper, A. C.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 142, 239 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. P. de Sandro, J. K. Jones, D. P. Shepherd, M. Hempstead, J. Wang, and A. C. Tropper, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 209 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ulrich, R.

van Dalfsen, K.

Wang, J.

J. P. de Sandro, J. K. Jones, D. P. Shepherd, M. Hempstead, J. Wang, and A. C. Tropper, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 209 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Warburton, T. J.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 142, 239 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, J. S.

Withford, M. J.

Xiong, J.

J. Xiong, H. Y. Peng, P. Hu, Y. Hang, and L. Zhang, J. Phys. D 43, 185402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

J. Xiong, H. Y. Peng, P. Hu, Y. Hang, and L. Zhang, J. Phys. D 43, 185402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Schellhorn, Appl. Phys. B 91, 71 (2008), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. Cantelar, J. A. Sanz-García, G. Lifante, F. Cussó, and P. L. Pernas, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 37, 898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. P. de Sandro, J. K. Jones, D. P. Shepherd, M. Hempstead, J. Wang, and A. C. Tropper, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 209 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

L. Douysset-Bloch, B. Ferrand, M. Couchaud, L. Fulbert, M. F. Joubert, G. Chadeyron, and B. Jacquier, J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 67 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. D (1)

J. Xiong, H. Y. Peng, P. Hu, Y. Hang, and L. Zhang, J. Phys. D 43, 185402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

J. Hulliger, P. Rogin, and R. Burkhalter, Laser Phys. 8, 764 (1998).

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 142, 239 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

S. Renard, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Couchaud, and B. Ferrand, Opt. Mater. 28, 1298 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, B. Pal, ed. (InTech, 2010), pp. 471–500.

A. Dergachev and P. Moulton, “High-power, high-energy diode-pumped Tm:YLF-Ho:YLF laser,” http://www.qpeak.com/Meetings/ASSP%202003%20Tm-Ho.pdf .

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Absorption cross section and (b) fluorescence spectra of a 7% Tm 3 + , 5% Gd 3 + : YLF planar waveguide and 6.15 mol. % Tm 3 + :YLF bulk crystal.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

End-coupling setup of the Tm 3 + : YLF waveguide laser. MO, microscope objective; IC and OC, input and output coupler mirrors, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output power versus incident pump power of the 7 mol. % Tm 3 + : YLF planar waveguide laser. Inset shows the emission line.

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