Abstract

We report an external stress modulation method for producing a superstructure fiber Bragg grating (FBG) with approximate cascaded resonant cavities composed of different index chirp distributions. The 15 mm uncoated apodized uniform-period FBG is pressed by the vertical stress from the upper 11 pieces of the pattern plate controlled by a piezoelectric ceramic actuator. The piece length is 1 mm, and the interval of the adjacent pieces is 0.4 mm. The reflectivity of the modulated FBG gradually shows six obvious multichannel 75%–85% reflection peaks with the increase of the vertical stress of each pattern-plate piece from 0 to 30 N. The channel spacing is steady at about 10 GHz for a C-band wavelength division multiplexing system.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. W. Wang, X. Jiang, and Qingxu Yu, Opt. Commun. 285, 3466 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Ma, X. Qiao, T. Guo, R. Wang, J. Zhang, Y. Weng, Q. Rong, M. Hu, and Z. Feng, Opt. Lett. 37, 323 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. Childs, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 348 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Choi, J. Son, G. Kim, K. Lee, J. Youn, S. Baik, K. Im, J. Kim, and Y. Kim, Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2013(2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Tibuleac and M. Filer, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 557 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Yu, Electron. Lett. 46, 775 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Deb and H. Anis, Opt. Express 19, 16418 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Guy, F. Trépanier, A. Doyle, Y. Painchaud, and R. L. Lachance, Ann. Telecommun. 58, 1275 (2003).
  9. N. Minato, S. Kobayashi, K. Sasaki, and M. Kashima, Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 446 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. R. Dennison and P. M. Wild, Appl. Opt. 51, 1188 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Jewart, K. P. Chen, B. McMillen, M. M. Bails, and S. P. Levitan, Opt. Lett. 31, 2260 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Torres and L. C. G. Valente, Opt. Commun. 208, 285 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2012

W. Wang, X. Jiang, and Qingxu Yu, Opt. Commun. 285, 3466 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Minato, S. Kobayashi, K. Sasaki, and M. Kashima, Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 446 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ma, X. Qiao, T. Guo, R. Wang, J. Zhang, Y. Weng, Q. Rong, M. Hu, and Z. Feng, Opt. Lett. 37, 323 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Dennison and P. M. Wild, Appl. Opt. 51, 1188 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

2008

K. Choi, J. Son, G. Kim, K. Lee, J. Youn, S. Baik, K. Im, J. Kim, and Y. Kim, Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2013(2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

2003

M. Guy, F. Trépanier, A. Doyle, Y. Painchaud, and R. L. Lachance, Ann. Telecommun. 58, 1275 (2003).

2002

P. Torres and L. C. G. Valente, Opt. Commun. 208, 285 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997

T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Anis, H.

Baik, S.

K. Choi, J. Son, G. Kim, K. Lee, J. Youn, S. Baik, K. Im, J. Kim, and Y. Kim, Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2013(2008).
[CrossRef]

Bails, M. M.

Chen, K. P.

Childs, P.

Choi, K.

K. Choi, J. Son, G. Kim, K. Lee, J. Youn, S. Baik, K. Im, J. Kim, and Y. Kim, Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2013(2008).
[CrossRef]

Deb, N.

Dennison, C. R.

Doyle, A.

M. Guy, F. Trépanier, A. Doyle, Y. Painchaud, and R. L. Lachance, Ann. Telecommun. 58, 1275 (2003).

Erdogan, T.

T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Z.

Filer, M.

Guo, T.

Guy, M.

M. Guy, F. Trépanier, A. Doyle, Y. Painchaud, and R. L. Lachance, Ann. Telecommun. 58, 1275 (2003).

Hu, M.

Im, K.

K. Choi, J. Son, G. Kim, K. Lee, J. Youn, S. Baik, K. Im, J. Kim, and Y. Kim, Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2013(2008).
[CrossRef]

Jewart, C.

Jiang, X.

W. Wang, X. Jiang, and Qingxu Yu, Opt. Commun. 285, 3466 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kashima, M.

N. Minato, S. Kobayashi, K. Sasaki, and M. Kashima, Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 446 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kim, G.

K. Choi, J. Son, G. Kim, K. Lee, J. Youn, S. Baik, K. Im, J. Kim, and Y. Kim, Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2013(2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

K. Choi, J. Son, G. Kim, K. Lee, J. Youn, S. Baik, K. Im, J. Kim, and Y. Kim, Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2013(2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.

K. Choi, J. Son, G. Kim, K. Lee, J. Youn, S. Baik, K. Im, J. Kim, and Y. Kim, Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2013(2008).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, S.

N. Minato, S. Kobayashi, K. Sasaki, and M. Kashima, Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 446 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lachance, R. L.

M. Guy, F. Trépanier, A. Doyle, Y. Painchaud, and R. L. Lachance, Ann. Telecommun. 58, 1275 (2003).

Lee, K.

K. Choi, J. Son, G. Kim, K. Lee, J. Youn, S. Baik, K. Im, J. Kim, and Y. Kim, Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2013(2008).
[CrossRef]

Levitan, S. P.

Ma, Y.

McMillen, B.

Minato, N.

N. Minato, S. Kobayashi, K. Sasaki, and M. Kashima, Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 446 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Painchaud, Y.

M. Guy, F. Trépanier, A. Doyle, Y. Painchaud, and R. L. Lachance, Ann. Telecommun. 58, 1275 (2003).

Qiao, X.

Rong, Q.

Sasaki, K.

N. Minato, S. Kobayashi, K. Sasaki, and M. Kashima, Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 446 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Son, J.

K. Choi, J. Son, G. Kim, K. Lee, J. Youn, S. Baik, K. Im, J. Kim, and Y. Kim, Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2013(2008).
[CrossRef]

Tibuleac, S.

Torres, P.

P. Torres and L. C. G. Valente, Opt. Commun. 208, 285 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Trépanier, F.

M. Guy, F. Trépanier, A. Doyle, Y. Painchaud, and R. L. Lachance, Ann. Telecommun. 58, 1275 (2003).

Valente, L. C. G.

P. Torres and L. C. G. Valente, Opt. Commun. 208, 285 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, R.

Wang, W.

W. Wang, X. Jiang, and Qingxu Yu, Opt. Commun. 285, 3466 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Weng, Y.

Wild, P. M.

Youn, J.

K. Choi, J. Son, G. Kim, K. Lee, J. Youn, S. Baik, K. Im, J. Kim, and Y. Kim, Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2013(2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

J. Yu, Electron. Lett. 46, 775 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Qingxu

W. Wang, X. Jiang, and Qingxu Yu, Opt. Commun. 285, 3466 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Ann. Telecommun.

M. Guy, F. Trépanier, A. Doyle, Y. Painchaud, and R. L. Lachance, Ann. Telecommun. 58, 1275 (2003).

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

J. Yu, Electron. Lett. 46, 775 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Commun.

P. Torres and L. C. G. Valente, Opt. Commun. 208, 285 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, X. Jiang, and Qingxu Yu, Opt. Commun. 285, 3466 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Photon. Technol. Lett.

K. Choi, J. Son, G. Kim, K. Lee, J. Youn, S. Baik, K. Im, J. Kim, and Y. Kim, Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2013(2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Minato, S. Kobayashi, K. Sasaki, and M. Kashima, Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 446 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of external stress modulation system and the tunable superstructure FBG modulated by the system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Cross section and main physical dimensions (mm) of FBG, pattern plate, and V-groove.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Cross section of Von Mises stress analysis of the 1 mm FBG under the 1 mm, 30 N stress piece of the pattern plate.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Cross-section displacement of the same FBG as in Fig. 3.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Translational displacement of the modulated 0.7 mm CFBG (half of one of the symmetrical cascaded CFBGs) under the 1 mm pattern-plate piece with 30 N stress.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Translational displacement of the modulated 0.7 mm CFBG (half of one of the symmetrical cascaded CFBGs) under the 1 mm pattern-plate piece with varying stress.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Simulated reflectivity of the whole modulated FBG under different pattern-plate stress.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Experimental setup of the modulated FBG reflection measurement. OSA is Optical Spectrum Analyzer. PZT stands for Pb, Zr and Ti, respectively. It is lead zirconate titanate piezoelectric ceramics.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Measured results of the modulated FBG transmission under the different piece stress values of 0 and 30 N.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

λd=Δλ+λB=ΔLLλFBG+λB.

Metrics