Abstract

An Er3+-doped ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF (ZBLAN) fiber laser was passively mode-locked by inserting a Fe2+:ZnSe crystal into the free space part of the cavity. Continuous-wave mode-locked pulses at 2.8 μm with a pulse duration of 19 ps estimated from the spectral bandwidth and an average power of 51 mW were generated when a collimated beam traversed the Fe2+:ZnSe crystal, while Q-switched mode-locked pulses were obtained when the Fe2+:ZnSe crystal was illuminated by the focused beam.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 1 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Sugawa, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyajima, and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 29, 902 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. M. Pataca, M. L. Rocha, K. Smith, T. J. Whitley, and R. Wyatt, Electron. Lett. 30, 964 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 36, 791 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. Zhu and R. Jain, Opt. Lett. 32, 2381 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. Zhu, and R. Jain, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 156 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Tokita, M. Hirokane, M. Murakami, S. Shimizu, M. Hashida, and S. Sakabe, Opt. Lett. 35, 3943 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, Phys. Rev. B 62, 856 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  15. Ch. Frerichs and U. B. Unrau, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 358 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmarkov, V. G. Polushkin, and M. P. Frolov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Martinez, A. R. Gallian, P. Marine, V. Fedorov, S. Mirov, and V. Badikov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB24.
  18. C. Wei, X. Zhu, R. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.61.

2011 (2)

D. Faucher, M. Bernier, G. Androz, N. Caron, and R. Vallée, Opt. Lett. 36, 1104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Gorjan, M. Marinček, and M. Čopič, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 262 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

X. Zhu, and R. Jain, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 156 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmarkov, V. G. Polushkin, and M. P. Frolov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, Phys. Rev. B 62, 856 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 36, 791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Cotantini, H. G. Limberger, and T. Lasser, Opt. Lett. 25, 1445 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Ch. Frerichs and U. B. Unrau, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 358 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

D. M. Pataca, M. L. Rocha, K. Smith, T. J. Whitley, and R. Wyatt, Electron. Lett. 30, 964 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

T. Sugawa, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyajima, and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 29, 902 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

L. Wetenkamp, Ch. Frerichs, G. G. West, and H. Tobben, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 19 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Androz, G.

Badikov, V.

A. Martinez, A. R. Gallian, P. Marine, V. Fedorov, S. Mirov, and V. Badikov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB24.

Bernier, M.

Cable, A.

N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 36, 791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Caron, N.

Copic, M.

M. Gorjan, M. Marinček, and M. Čopič, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 262 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cotantini, D. M.

Faucher, D.

Fedorov, V.

A. Martinez, A. R. Gallian, P. Marine, V. Fedorov, S. Mirov, and V. Badikov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB24.

Frerichs, Ch.

Ch. Frerichs and U. B. Unrau, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 358 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Wetenkamp, Ch. Frerichs, G. G. West, and H. Tobben, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 19 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Frolov, M. P.

A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmarkov, V. G. Polushkin, and M. P. Frolov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gallian, A. R.

A. Martinez, A. R. Gallian, P. Marine, V. Fedorov, S. Mirov, and V. Badikov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB24.

Golding, P. S.

P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, Phys. Rev. B 62, 856 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gorjan, M.

M. Gorjan, M. Marinček, and M. Čopič, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 262 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hashida, M.

Hirokane, M.

Jackson, S. D.

P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, Phys. Rev. B 62, 856 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jain, R.

Jain, R. K.

N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 36, 791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

King, T. A.

P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, Phys. Rev. B 62, 856 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Korostelin, Y. V.

A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmarkov, V. G. Polushkin, and M. P. Frolov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovskii, V. I.

A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmarkov, V. G. Polushkin, and M. P. Frolov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Landman, A. I.

A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmarkov, V. G. Polushkin, and M. P. Frolov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lasser, T.

Libatique, N. J. C.

N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 36, 791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Limberger, H. G.

Marincek, M.

M. Gorjan, M. Marinček, and M. Čopič, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 262 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Marine, P.

A. Martinez, A. R. Gallian, P. Marine, V. Fedorov, S. Mirov, and V. Badikov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB24.

Martinez, A.

A. Martinez, A. R. Gallian, P. Marine, V. Fedorov, S. Mirov, and V. Badikov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB24.

Mirov, S.

A. Martinez, A. R. Gallian, P. Marine, V. Fedorov, S. Mirov, and V. Badikov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB24.

Miyajima, Y.

T. Sugawa, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyajima, and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 29, 902 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, M.

Nakazawa, M.

T. Sugawa, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyajima, and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 29, 902 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Norwood, R.

C. Wei, X. Zhu, R. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.61.

Pataca, D. M.

D. M. Pataca, M. L. Rocha, K. Smith, T. J. Whitley, and R. Wyatt, Electron. Lett. 30, 964 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Wei, X. Zhu, R. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.61.

Podmarkov, Y. P.

A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmarkov, V. G. Polushkin, and M. P. Frolov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pollnau, M.

P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, Phys. Rev. B 62, 856 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Polushkin, V. G.

A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmarkov, V. G. Polushkin, and M. P. Frolov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rocha, M. L.

D. M. Pataca, M. L. Rocha, K. Smith, T. J. Whitley, and R. Wyatt, Electron. Lett. 30, 964 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sakabe, S.

Shimizu, S.

Smith, K.

D. M. Pataca, M. L. Rocha, K. Smith, T. J. Whitley, and R. Wyatt, Electron. Lett. 30, 964 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sugawa, T.

T. Sugawa, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyajima, and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 29, 902 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tafoya, J.

N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 36, 791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tobben, H.

L. Wetenkamp, Ch. Frerichs, G. G. West, and H. Tobben, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 19 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tokita, S.

Unrau, U. B.

Ch. Frerichs and U. B. Unrau, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 358 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vallée, R.

Viswanathan, N. K.

N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 36, 791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Voronov, A. A.

A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmarkov, V. G. Polushkin, and M. P. Frolov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wei, C.

C. Wei, X. Zhu, R. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.61.

West, G. G.

L. Wetenkamp, Ch. Frerichs, G. G. West, and H. Tobben, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 19 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wetenkamp, L.

L. Wetenkamp, Ch. Frerichs, G. G. West, and H. Tobben, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 19 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Whitley, T. J.

D. M. Pataca, M. L. Rocha, K. Smith, T. J. Whitley, and R. Wyatt, Electron. Lett. 30, 964 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, R.

D. M. Pataca, M. L. Rocha, K. Smith, T. J. Whitley, and R. Wyatt, Electron. Lett. 30, 964 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, E.

T. Sugawa, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyajima, and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 29, 902 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, and R. Jain, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 156 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu and R. Jain, Opt. Lett. 32, 2381 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu and R. Jain, Opt. Lett. 32, 26 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Wei, X. Zhu, R. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.61.

Adv. Optoelectron. (1)

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

T. Sugawa, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyajima, and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 29, 902 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Pataca, M. L. Rocha, K. Smith, T. J. Whitley, and R. Wyatt, Electron. Lett. 30, 964 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 36, 791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Gorjan, M. Marinček, and M. Čopič, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 262 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmarkov, V. G. Polushkin, and M. P. Frolov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

X. Zhu, and R. Jain, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 156 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

L. Wetenkamp, Ch. Frerichs, G. G. West, and H. Tobben, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 19 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

Ch. Frerichs and U. B. Unrau, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 358 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, Phys. Rev. B 62, 856 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. Martinez, A. R. Gallian, P. Marine, V. Fedorov, S. Mirov, and V. Badikov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB24.

C. Wei, X. Zhu, R. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.61.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Depiction of the experimental setup for the passively mode-locked Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Absorption coefficient of the Fe2+:ZnSe crystal used in the experiment.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Pulse train of the CW mode-locked Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser over a 250 ns duration. The inset shows the pulse train over a 2 μs duration.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Normalized spectra of the Q-switched mode-locking, CW mode-locking, and CW operation of the Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Pulse train of the Q-switched mode-locked Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser over a 4 μs duration. The inset shows the Q-switched pulse train over a 250 μs duration.

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