Abstract

We demonstrate optical polarization vortex generation in a photonic-crystal fiber (PCF) by means of a CO2 laser-induced long period grating. Vortices are a special subclass of fiber modes that result in polarization-insensitive resonances even when grating perturbations are asymmetric, as is the case with structural perturbations in single-material PCFs. The physics of vortex generation, combined with the use of structural perturbations alone, in single-material fibers, opens up a new schematic for realizing harsh-environment sensors. We show that the temperature and polarization stability of our vortex devices is maintained for prolonged periods of time (tested up to 34 h) at temperatures exceeding 1000 °C. We envisage that this demonstration opens up a new way of realizing high-temperature sensors in a cost-effective manner.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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